Challenges to The Second Law of Thermodynamics: Theory and Experiment by Vladislav CapekChallenges to The Second Law of Thermodynamics: Theory and Experiment by Vladislav Capek

Challenges to The Second Law of Thermodynamics: Theory and Experiment

byVladislav Capek, Daniel Sheehan

Paperback | October 28, 2010

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The second law of thermodynamics is considered one of the central laws of science, engineering and technology. For over a century it has been assumed to be inviolable by the scientific community. Over the last 10-20 years, however, more than two dozen challenges to it have appeared in the physical literature - more than during any other period in its 150-year history. The number and variety of these represent a cogent threat to its absolute status. This is the first book to document and critique these modern challenges. Written by two leading exponents of this rapidly emerging field, it covers the theoretical and experimental aspects of principal challenges. In addition, unresolved foundational issues concerning entropy and the second law are explored. This book should be of interest to anyone whose work or research is touched by the second law.
Title:Challenges to The Second Law of Thermodynamics: Theory and ExperimentFormat:PaperbackDimensions:364 pages, 9.45 × 6.3 × 0.27 inPublished:October 28, 2010Publisher:Springer NetherlandsLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:904816768X

ISBN - 13:9789048167685

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Table of Contents

PrefaceAcknowledgements1: Entropy and the Second Law 1.1 Early Thermodynamics1.2 The Second Law: Twenty-One Formulations1.3 Entropy: Twenty-One Varieties1.4 Nonequilibrium Entropy1.5 Entropy and the Second Law: Discussion 1.6 Zeroth and Third Laws of Thermodynamics References2: Challenges (1870-1980) 2.1 Maxwell's Demon and Other Victorian Devils2.2 Exorcising Demons 2.3 Inviolability Arguments 2.4 Candidate Second Law Challenges References3: Modern Quantum Challenges: Theory 3.1 Prolegomenon 3.2 Thermodynamic Limit and Weak Coupling 3.3 Beyond Weak Coupling: Quantum Correlations 3.4 Allahverdyan and Nieuwenhuizen Theorem 3.5 Scaling and Beyond 3.6 Quantum Kinetic and Non-Kinetic Models3.7 Disputed Quantum Models3.8 Kinetics in the DC Limit 3.9 Theoretical SummaryReferences4: Low-Temperature Experiments and Proposals 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Superconductivity 4.3 Keefe CMCE Engine 4.4 Nikulov Inhomogeneous Loop 4.5 Bose-Einstein Condensation and the Second Law 4.6 Quantum Coherence and Entanglement References5: Modern Classical Challenges 5.1 Introduction5.2 Gordon Membrane Models5.3 Denur Challenges 5.4 Crosignani-Di Porto Adiabatic Piston 5.5 Trupp Electrocaloric Cycle5.6 Liboff Tri-Channel 5.7 Thermodynamic Gas Cycles References6: Gravitational Challenges 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Asymmetric Gravitator Model 6.3 Loschmidt Gravito-Thermal Effect References7: Chemical Nonequilibrium Steady States 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Chemical Paradox and Detailed Balance 7.3 Pressure Gradients and Reactions Rates 7.4 Numerical Simulations 7.5 Laboratory Experiments 7.6 Discussion and Outlook References 8: Plasma Paradoxes 8.1 Introduction8.2 Plasma I System8.3 Plasma II System 8.4 Jones and Cruden Criticisms References 9: MEMS/NEMS Devices 9.1 Introduction 9.2 Thermal Capacitors 9.3 Linear Electrostatic Motor (LEM) 9.4 Hammer-Anvil Model 9.5 Experimental Prospects References10: Special Topics 10.1 Rubrics for Classical Challenges10.2 Thermosynthetic Life10.3 Physical Eschatology 10.4 The Second Law MystiqueReferences Color Plates Index

Editorial Reviews

From the reviews:"This volume, appropriately entitled Challenges, was a collaboration . . It is extraordinarily well researched and beautifully organized; it may be approached on many levels by students and 'lay' people . . It should also be read by experienced theoretical physicists, chemists and mathematicians and by experimental physicists . . The various typefaces, paper stock and binding are all good. With its many illustrations and few equations this book will be a useful supplement to any elementary course in thermodynamics . ." (Daniel C. Mattis, Journal of Scientific Exploration, Vol. 20 (3), 2006)"Entropy and the second law of thermodynamics are two of the most difficult concepts for the student of physics. . In the main, Challenges to the second law of thermodynamics is an excellent piece of work which should provide an adequate coverage of this intriguing topic to advanced students and researchers in physics." (P. Narayana Swamy, Mathematical Reviews, Issue 2008 b)