Chemical Equilibria and Kinetics in Soils

Hardcover | April 1, 1989

byGarrison Sposito

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This book clearly illustrates the limitations of using chemical thermodynamics to describe chemical phenomena in soils--especially with regard to kinetics and molecular mechanisms--and proposes that the quantitative description of soils is not complete without adequate characterization of therates of the chemical reactions. The author, a renowned authority in the field, focuses on reactions in the soil solution and considers aqueous phase properties. He also cogently draws distinctions between thermodynamic chemical species and kinetic chemical species. This critical introduction tothe use of chemical thermodynamics and kinetics for describing reactions in the soil solution will appeal not only to professionals but to students as well.

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This book clearly illustrates the limitations of using chemical thermodynamics to describe chemical phenomena in soils--especially with regard to kinetics and molecular mechanisms--and proposes that the quantitative description of soils is not complete without adequate characterization of therates of the chemical reactions. The author,...

Garrison Sposito is at University of California, Berkeley.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:288 pages, 9.57 × 6.38 × 0.83 inPublished:April 1, 1989Publisher:Oxford University Press

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195075641

ISBN - 13:9780195075649

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Table of Contents

1. Chemical Equilibrium and Kinetics1.1. Chemical Reactions in Soils1.2. The Equilibrium Constant1.3. Reaction Rate Laws1.4. Temperature Effects1.5. Coupled Rate LawsSpecial Topic 1: Standard States2. Chemical Speciation in Aqueous Solutions2.1. Complexation Reactions2.2. Oxidation-Reduction Reactions2.3. Polymeric Species2.4. Multispecies EquilibriaSpecial Topic 2: Electrochemical Potentials3. Mineral Solubility3.1. Dissolution-Precipitation Reactions3.2. Activity-Ratio and Predominance Diagrams3.3. Mixed Solid Phases3.4. Reductive Dissolution Reactions3.5. Dissolution Reaction Mechanisms4. Surface Reactions4.1. Adsorption-Desorption Equilibria4.2. Adsorption on Heterogeneous Surfaces4.3. Adsorption Relaxation Kinetics4.4. Surface Oxidation-Reduction Reactions4.5. Transport-Controlled Adsorption Kinetics5. Ion Exchange Reactions5.1. Ion Exchange as an Adsorption Reaction5.2. Binary Ion Exchange Equilibria5.3. Multicomponent Ion Exchange Equilibria5.4. Ion Exchange Kinetics5.5. Heterogeneous Ion Exchange6. Colloidal Processes6.1. Flocculation Pathways6.2. The von Smoluchowski Rate Law6.3. Scaling the von Smoluchowski Rate Law6.4. Fuchsian Kinetics6.5. The Stability RatioSpecial Topic 3: Cluster Fractals

Editorial Reviews

"This book brings forth the necessary concepts and principles needed for a quantitative understanding of the nature of soil materials and how they might respond to environmental change." --Economic Geology