Understanding China's world role has become one of the crucial intellectual challenges of the 21st Century. This book explores this topic through the adoption of three conceptual approaches that help to uncover some of the key complex and simultaneous interactions between the global anddomestic forces that determine China's external behavior. A central assumption of this study is that it is unhelpful to treat the global and domestic levels as separate categories of analysis and that the study of China can be enriched by a recognition of the interpenetrated nature of the domesticand international spheres. The first section of the book concentrates on the role of ideas. It examines Chinese conceptions, at both the elite and mass levels, of the country's status and role in global politics, and how these conceptions can influence and frame policies. The second section provides evidence of Chinesesocietal involvement in transnational processes that are simultaneously transforming China as well as other parts of the world, often in unintended ways. The third section assesses the impact of globalization on China in issue areas that are central to global order, and outlines the domesticresponses - from resistance to embrace - that it generates. This study adopts a multidisciplinary approach involving scholars in International Relations, History, Social Anthropology, and Area Studies. It offers a sophisticated understanding of Chinese thought and behavior and illustrates the impactthat China's re-emergence is having on 21st Century global order.