China Experiments: From Local Innovations to National Reform by Ann M. FloriniChina Experiments: From Local Innovations to National Reform by Ann M. Florini

China Experiments: From Local Innovations to National Reform

byAnn M. Florini, Hairong Lai, Yeling Tan

Paperback | January 6, 2012

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All societies face a key question: how to empower governments to perform essential governmental functions while constraining the arbitrary exercise of power. This balance, always in flux, is particularly fluid in today's China. This insightful book examines the changing relationship between that state and its society, as demonstrated by numerous experiments in governance at subnational levels, and explores the implications for China's future political trajectory.

Ann Florini, Hairong Lai, and Yeling Tan set their analysis at the level of townships and counties, investigating the striking diversity of China's exploration into different governance tools and comparing these experiments with developments and debates elsewhere in the world. China Experiments draws on multiple cases of innovation to show how local authorities are breaking down traditional models of governance in responding to the challenges posed by the rapid transformations taking place across China's economy and society. The book thus differs from others on China that focus on dynamics taking place at the elite level in Beijing, and is unique in its broad but detailed, empirically grounded analysis.

The introduction examines China's changing governance architecture and raises key overarching questions. It addresses the motivations behind the wide variety of experiments underway by which authorities are trying to adapt local governance structures to meet new demands. Chapters 2–5 then explore each type of innovation in detail, from administrative streamlining and elections to partnerships in civil society and transparency measures. Each chapter explains the importance of the experiment in terms of implications for governance and draws upon specific case studies. The final chapter considers what these growing numbers of experiments add up to, whether China is headed towards a stronger more resilient authoritarianism or evolving towards its own version of democracy, and suggests a series of criteria by which China's political trajectory can be assessed.


1. China at a Crossroads

2. Streamlining the State

3. The Evolution of Voting Mechanisms

4. Civil Society

5. From Local Experiments to National Rules: China Lets the Sunshine In

6. Where is China Going?

Ann Florini is a senior fellow in Foreign Policy at the Brookings Institution and visiting professor of political science, School of Social Sciences, Singapore Management University. Hairong Lai is the executive director of the China Center for Overseas Social and Philosophical Theories. Yeling Tan is a Ph.D. student in public policy...
Title:China Experiments: From Local Innovations to National ReformFormat:PaperbackDimensions:216 pages, 9 × 6 × 0.6 inPublished:January 6, 2012Publisher:Brookings Institution PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0815722001

ISBN - 13:9780815722007


Editorial Reviews

" China Experiments is a must-read for anyone who wants to understand why thisone-party giant has not collapsed and in what political directions China may head.Florini, Lai, and Tan show how bottom-up innovative institutional reforms haveintroduced powerful dynamics into the country's political system. This is a usefulguide for the West in formulating its policies toward China, a country which isfrequently perceived as a threat."—Zheng Yongnian, professor and director, East Asian Institute,National University of Singapore