Citizen Indians: Native American Intellectuals, Race, And Reform by Lucy MaddoxCitizen Indians: Native American Intellectuals, Race, And Reform by Lucy Maddox

Citizen Indians: Native American Intellectuals, Race, And Reform

byLucy Maddox

Paperback | July 24, 2006

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By the 1890s, white Americans were avid consumers of American Indian cultures. At heavily scripted Wild West shows, Chautauquas, civic pageants, expositions, and fairs, American Indians were most often cast as victims, noble remnants of a vanishing race, or docile candidates for complete assimilation. However, as Lucy Maddox demonstrates in Citizen Indians, some prominent Indian intellectuals of the era—including Gertrude Bonnin, Charles Eastman, and Arthur C. Parker—were able to adapt and reshape the forms of public performance as one means of entering the national conversation and as a core strategy in the pan-tribal reform efforts that paralleled other Progressive-era reform movements.Maddox examines the work of American Indian intellectuals and reformers in the context of the Society of American Indians, which brought together educated, professional Indians in a period when the "Indian question" loomed large. These thinkers belonged to the first generation of middle-class American Indians more concerned with racial categories and civil rights than with the status of individual tribes. They confronted acute crises: the imposition of land allotments, the abrogation of the treaty process, the removal of Indian children to boarding schools, and the continuing denial of birthright citizenship to Indians that maintained their status as wards of the state. By adapting forms of public discourse and performance already familiar to white audiences, Maddox argues, American Indian reformers could more effectively pursue self-representation and political autonomy.

Lucy Maddox is Professor of English at Georgetown University. She is the author of Removals: Nineteenth-Century American Literature and the Politics of Indian Affairs and Nabokov's Novels in English and the editor of Locating American Studies: The Evolution of a Discipline. Maddox was Editor of American Quarterly from 1994 to 2003. Luc...
Title:Citizen Indians: Native American Intellectuals, Race, And ReformFormat:PaperbackDimensions:218 pages, 9 × 6 × 0.5 inPublished:July 24, 2006Publisher:Cornell University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:080147342X

ISBN - 13:9780801473425

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Editorial Reviews

"Lucy Maddox's Citizen Indians brings to life the active work done by Native American intellectuals on behalf of uplift, progressive reform, of universally conceived Indian rights as well as specific tribal concerns. Focusing on the Society of American Indians (SAI) and a broad range of figures including Chief Simon Pokagon, Daniel La France, Gertrude Bonnin, and Luther Standing Bear, Maddox redraws American intellectual history of the period that witnessed widespread discussions of 'the Indian problem' and of assimilation as well as the quest for cultural and political sovereignty." - Werner Sollors, Harvard University