City Lights: Urban-Suburban Life in the Global Society

Paperback | November 23, 2009

byE. Barbara Phillips

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Now in its third edition, City Lights: Urban-Suburban Life in the Global Society is the most interdisciplinary urban studies book on the market. It skillfully blends social science perspectives with insights from the visual arts and humanities to provide a comprehensive introduction to cities,suburbs, and post-suburban areas and how they work. Motivating students to develop their own perspectives on the issues, author E. Barbara Phillips provides an extended discussion of "doing social science," systematically showing how scholarly controversy and public debates over urban-suburbanpolicy are rooted in deep-seated differences: in ideologies, research methods, theoretical orientations, academic disciplines, and/or levels of analysis. Featuring a unique combination of serious scholarship and an accessible, engaging writing style, City Lights, Third Edition, is ideal for courses in urban sociology, urban studies, urban growth and development, urban theory, and urban history. It incorporates many helpful pedagogical features,including almost 200 photographs and illustrations, real-life case studies, excerpts from classic works, key terms, and suggestions for further learning. In addition, end-of-chapter projects encourage students to apply what they have learned by participating in research, activism, or other civicpursuits in their own communities. Thoroughly revised and updated, the third edition: * Focuses on the U.S. city but also integrates a global emphasis throughout, with in-depth profiles of such cities as Kyoto, Cordoba, Shanghai, Mumbai, and Mexico City; numerous global-local links; and a new chapter (5) on global urbanization and the urban system * Updated statistical data * Detailed coverage of the Internet's influence on personal, political, and economic relations * Discussions of numerous new topics including the impact of terrorism on cities, new immigrants in the U.S. and elsewhere, gated communities, building "green," and the "New Urbanism" in the U.S * Analyses of recent political, social, and economic changes--including economic downturns--and their effects on urbanites and suburbanites in the U.S. and worldwide

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Now in its third edition, City Lights: Urban-Suburban Life in the Global Society is the most interdisciplinary urban studies book on the market. It skillfully blends social science perspectives with insights from the visual arts and humanities to provide a comprehensive introduction to cities,suburbs, and post-suburban areas and how th...

E. Barbara Phillips is Professor Emerita of Sociology and Urban Studies at San Francisco State University.

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Kobo ebook|Sep 15 2009

$30.29 online$39.30list price(save 22%)
Format:PaperbackDimensions:672 pages, 9.2 × 7.5 × 0.9 inPublished:November 23, 2009Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195325036

ISBN - 13:9780195325034

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Table of Contents

Chapters 4-20 end with "Another Look" sectionsPart I. An Invitation to the City1. The Knowing Eye and Ear"Acquaintance With" and "Knowledge About" Metropolitan LifeRethinking the Two PathsUsing Social Science and Literature as Paths to KnowledgeLabor Radicalism, Industrial Progress, and Social ReformUrban Researchers and Writers: Convergent GoalsThe City BeautifulChicago: Microcosm of the New Industrial Order2. Thinking About CitiesDifferent Modes of UnderstandingAcademic and Occupational PerspectivesEven Road Maps Contain a Point of ViewFragmentation of the Social SciencesWays of Expanding Our VisionUrban StudiesEconomicsGeographySociologyPolitical ScienceAnthropologyHistoryPsychology, Social Psychology, and Social PsychiatryPublic AdministrationCity Planning and Urban DesignCommunications and Information TechnologyEnvironmental StudiesLiterature and the ArtsMaking Some Connections3. Posing the QuestionsReasoning, Deductive and InductiveSystematic AnalysisFacts, Hypotheses, and Value JudgmentsWhy Social Scientists DisagreeTheoretical OrientationsDisciplinary PerspectivesResearch MethodsLevels of AnalysisIdeologies and ValuesSubtle Influences on ResearchersAttitudes Toward Solving Social ProblemsWhat Questions to AskPart II. Polis, Metropolis, Megalopolis4. From Urban Specks to Global CitiesDigging into Urban HistoryWhat Is a City?The First Urban Settlements: An OverviewThe Childe Thesis: The Urban Revolution in MesopotamiaCounterviews on the Origin of Cities: Trade, the Sacred, and the Spirit of the PeopleAn Emerging Theory of Early City MakingPreindustrial versus Industrial Cities (Sjoberg)A Sampler of CitiesThe Glory That Was GreeceKyoto, "The Most Japanese of Japanese Cities"From Rome to Medieval, European CitiesMuslim Cordoba, Spain: "Ornament of the World"Mexico City: Imperial City, Colonial City, MegalopolisManchester, England: Symbol of the New Industrial CityHuis Ten Bosch, Japan, Themepark ResortBom Bahia/Bombay/Mumbai/"Slumbay"High-tech Cities: Silicon Valley, CaliforniaShanghai, ChinaU.S. Urban RootsSpecks in the WildernessAntiurbanism of the IntellectualsFrom Walking City to Streetcar Suburb5. Urbanization and the Urban SystemThe Process of UrbanizationIndustrialization and Urbanization in Western Europe and North AmericaUrbanization in Poor CountriesWorldwide, the Future Is UrbanGlobalization of CitiesThe International Division of Labor, Old and NewU.S. Cities in the World Urban SystemCities in the Global Environment6. The Ties That BindCommunities Based on TerritoryCommunities Based on Common CultureA Sense of CommunityA Communal Way of LifeTypologies of the Rural-Urban ShiftGemeinschaft and Gesellschaft (Tonnies)Mechanical and Organic Social Solidarity (Durkheim)Culture and Civilization (Spengler)Urban Personality (Wirth)Preindustrial and Industrial Cities (Sjoberg)Adding a Third Type: TechnosschaftUntested HypothesesContrary EvidenceDeterministic AssumptionsContemporary IrrelevanceJumbled Variables7. Metropolitan CommunityMetropolitan Community: Alive or Extinct?One View: Metropolitan Division of LaborAlternative View: New International Division of Labor ("Needle")Urban Ecologists versus New Urban Theorists: A Case StudyMeasuring Functional InterdependenceThe Need for New ConceptsMetropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) and Micropolitan Area in the U.S.Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area (CMSA) or MegalopolisRural and Micropolitan AreasWhere Are We Headed in the U.S.?U.S. Population ShiftsFrom Rural to UrbanFrom Urban to Suburban and PostsuburbanBack to the Land?From Frostbelt to SunbeltInterpreting the Population Trends8. Making ConnectionsDiatribes Against "Suburbia"The Myth of SuburbiaLevittownTaking the Sub out of SuburbanThe Transformation of Milpitas, California, 1954-2000ZIP Codes as NeighborhoodsPlaceless, Faceless Communities: InterconnectivitiesA Structural Approach to CommunityPrivatization of Domestic Public SpacePrivatization of Once Public SpaceGated CommunitiesGrand Dreams and Grandiose SchemesPart III. Pluribus versus Unum9. Movin' OnThe Old MigrationInternal MigrationThe New MigrationSome Impacts of the NewcomersAdjustments to Urban LifeIrish Catholics and East European Jews in New York CityChicanos and Koreans in Los AngelesInternational Migration and Internal Migration GloballyThe Need for New U.S. ModelsCubans in MiamiSome Impacts of the NewcomersGlobal Villagers10. Identity CrisisGlobal Identity . . .. . . versus the Pull of "Lesser Loyalties"Civics versus EthnicsRace, Ethnicity, and Minority GroupsFrom Minority to MajorityA Clash of Values: White Ethnics versus WASP SupercultureOnce Again, the Entanglement of Race/Ethnicity and ClassThe Grand CanyonFeelings and FoodNative Americans: The UnassimilatedAfrican-Americans: Permanent Underclass?Hispanics/Latinos: Climbing Up?Making It: Japanese-AmericansGays and Lesbians: An Ethnic-like Group?MulticulturalismPart IV. Rules of the Game11. Social LaddersTwo Ways of Looking at Social Stratification: Marx and WeberLiving on the CuspMarx and Weber: No Specifically Urban TheoryMarx and the Concept of Class"Dream Up, Blame Down"Marx, the Inescapable CriticWeber's View of Social Stratification: Class, Status, PowerThe American Class StructureCultural CapitalStudies of Urban Social Stratification in the United StatesYankee City: Lifestyles in a New England TownJonesville: A Typical Town, and How Its People Justify Inequality Studies of Particular Strata in the CityGlobal Social Stratification ResearchVeracruz, Mexico; Eastern Europe, and ChinaGlobalization and InequalityOther Variables Influencing Social RankReligionEthnicity, Religion, and RegionRaceEthclassGenderWomen in CitiesAge12. Discovering the RulesPedestrian BehaviorSubway BehaviorEavesdropping: Urbanites as SpiesBar BehaviorATM BehaviorOffice Behavior: A Comparative LookWhose Games Do We Play?"The Definition of the Situation" (Thomas)Social Order Amid Multiple Realities"The Presentation of Self" (Goffman)Minimizing Involvement, Maximizing Social OrderThe Public Definition of RealityCase Study: Tally's CornerPart V. Who Runs This Town?13. The Skeleton of PowerGovernment's Limited Scope in the U.S.Paradoxical Attitudes Toward GovernmentPublic-Private Sector RelationshipsThe Proper Role of Local GovernmentLocal Political EnvironmentsGeneral Law Cities and Charter CitiesDillon's RuleState Legislatures and City InterestsSuburbs versus CitiesUrbanization of the SuburbsLocal Governments in a Global Society: "Taking Responsibility for the Sky"Mayor-Council FormCouncil-Manager FormCommission FormMayors, Strong or WeakHyperpluralism and Government by BureaucratsFragmentation of the MetropolisSpecial DistrictsCounties (Including Urban Counties)The State's Role in Urban AffairsAreawide Planning EffortsBroad Regional Government?Traditional Responses and Minor AdaptationsInnovative ExperimentsPrivatization of Public ServicesThe Report CardExpansion of Federal Involvement in U.S. Life, 1930s-1950sHow Federal Policy Affected Postwar Housing and TransportationFrom Federalism to the New Federalism, 1960s-1992A Nameless Period: 1992-2008Case Study: What Bananas Learned About the Formal Structure of Government14. Bosses, Boodlers, and ReformersA Bunch of Crooks or Friend of the Poor?How City Machines WorkWhat Services Machines Provide(d)Case Study: New York City's Tweed Ring, 1866-1871Case Study: The Daley Machine in Chicago, 1955-1976 and BeyondWhy Machines Rise, Why Machines FallThe Goo-Goos: A Disparate LotThrusts of the Reform MovementHow Successful Were the Reformers?Robert Moses, Newer-style BossThe Local-National Connection15. Getting Things DoneCase Study: The Fight over Yerba BuenaThe Elitist ModelThe Pluralist ModelThe City-as-a-Growth-Machine ModelWhy the Theorists DisagreeApplying These Models ElsewhereCitizen PoliticsCitizen ParticipationDark ShadowsElectronic Democracy?Case Study Continued: How Bananas Learned Who Runs This Town and Got Some Things DonePart VI. Space and Place16. Metropolitan Form and SpaceHenri Lefebvre's InfluenceCentral Place TheoryDoes Central Place Theory Work Today?Classifying Cities by FunctionNewer Spatial ModelsThe Global Network of CitiesClassic Models of U.S. CitiesHow Useful Are the Classic Models?Social Area Analysis: A Method of Investigating Urban Growth and DifferentiationComputer Models of Urban StructurePerspectives on Metropolitan Space since the 1970sThe Political Economy Model or the "New" Urban ParadigmThe Multinucleated Metropolitan Region ModelHow Race and Ethnicity Affect Housing PatternsWhat People Live InHow Age Affects Housing PatternsGentrificationCentral Business District (CBD)Decentralized and Multicentered Commercial ActivitiesManufacturing17. A Sense of PlaceCultural FiltersSocial FiltersPsychological FiltersArchitecture as Symbolic PoliticsLas Vegas, NevadaChina: Shaping an Emerging National IdentityCase Study: Pruitt-IgoeCase Study 2: Cabrini-Green, ChicagoGenius lociFeng shuiPersonal Space as Protective BubblePersonalizing Our Space: Home Territories"The Architecture of Despair"Privatization of Domestic Public SpacePrivatization of Once-Public SpacePublic and Private Space as SymbolColonizing Social SpaceStreet People's TurfStreetsGlobalization and the Experience of "Somewhere"Policy ImplicationsKey Concepts and Research ThrustsRats, Chickens, and PeopleDesign PrinciplesDesigning the Natural EnvironmentMaking the City ObservableDesigners, Grand and less GrandPierre-Charles L'Enfant's Washington, D.C.Utopian VisionariesCompany Towns: Lowell, Massachusetts, and Pullman, IllinoisThe City Beautiful MovementEbenezer Howard's Garden CityMegastructures or Ministructures?A Blend of Architecture and EcologyA Synthesis of Hi-Tech and NatureBucky Fuller: Visionary of ChangePostnationalist ArchitectureThe New UrbanismCelebration, Florida: Walt Disney meets Norman Rockwell?"Green" StructuresCarless Communities?Part VII. Paying Their Way18. Producing, Consuming, Exchanging, Taxing, and SpendingSupply, Demand, Price, and the Market MechanismProfitUtilityExternalitiesEquityEfficiencyCapitalSurplus ValueMonopoly CapitalismLate CapitalismSocial Structures of AccumulationThe Informational Mode of DevelopmentA Participatory BudgetRestorative Economy and SustainabilityCities and MSAs in the National and Global EconomiesBasic and Nonbasic SectorsThe Underground EconomyIdentifying Basic Sector IndustriesCase Study: CalienteGlobalization and Local FinanceA Volatile Global EconomyPaying for Local ServicesInternational TrendsU.S. National, Regional, and State Trends and Policies19. Blue-Collar, White-Collar, No-Collar, ShirtlessThe Human Dimension: Work and the IndividualLowell, Massachusetts: Working Conditions of America's First Female Labor ForceNew England to the New South to Offshore: More Hard Times in the MillsModern TimesAlienationThe Anomic Division of LaborWorker Satisfaction, Overwork, and StressThe Relationship of Jobs to Social Climate and GovernanceContingent or Temporary WorkThe Dual CityThe Dual NationDefining PovertyWho Are the U.S. Metropolitan Poor?Why Are They Poor?Tally's CornerWhat Should Be Done About Poverty?20. FinaleBrief BiographiesIndex