City of Refuge: Separatists and Utopian Town Planning by Michael J. LewisCity of Refuge: Separatists and Utopian Town Planning by Michael J. Lewis

City of Refuge: Separatists and Utopian Town Planning

byMichael J. Lewis

Hardcover | December 20, 2016

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The vision of Utopia obsessed the nineteenth-century mind, shaping art, literature, and especially town planning. InCity of Refuge, Michael Lewis takes readers across centuries and continents to show how Utopian town planning produced a distinctive type of settlement characterized by its square plan, collective ownership of properties, and communal dormitories. Some of these settlements were sanctuaries from religious persecution, like those of the German Rappites, French Huguenots, and American Shakers, while others were sanctuaries from the Industrial Revolution, like those imagined by Charles Fourier, Robert Owen, and other Utopian visionaries.

Because of their differences in ideology and theology, these settlements have traditionally been viewed separately, but Lewis shows how they are part of a continuous intellectual tradition that stretches from the early Protestant Reformation into modern times. Through close readings of architectural plans and archival documents, many previously unpublished, he shows the network of connections between these seemingly disparate Utopian settlements-including even such well-known town plans as those of New Haven and Philadelphia.

The most remarkable aspect of the city of refuge is the inventive way it fused its eclectic sources, ranging from the encampments of the ancient Israelites as described in the Bible to the detailed social program of Thomas More'sUtopiato modern thought about education, science, and technology. Delving into the historical evolution and antecedents of Utopian towns and cities,City of Refugealters notions of what a Utopian community can and should be.

Michael J. Lewisis the Faison-Pierson-Stoddard Professor of Art History at Williams College. His books includeFrank Furness: Architecture and the Violent Mind,The Gothic Revival, andAmerican Art and Architecture. His essays and reviews have appeared in such publications as theWall Street Journaland theNew York Times.
Title:City of Refuge: Separatists and Utopian Town PlanningFormat:HardcoverDimensions:256 pages, 9 × 7 × 0.98 inPublished:December 20, 2016Publisher:Princeton University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0691171815

ISBN - 13:9780691171814

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Table of Contents

1 The Idea of the City of Refuge 9

2 The Sacred Squareness of Cities 19

3 The Protestant Tempering of Utopia 33

4 Christianopolis 57

5 The Lord's Grove 95

6 Harmony 131

7 Economy 169

8 Conclusion 203


Selected Bibliography239


Illustration Credits249


Editorial Reviews

"A timely contribution. . . . Lewis demonstrates convincingly how inspired groups linked urban form and community ideals in practice. . . . Elegantly composed and lavishly illustrated."--Christopher Silver, Indiana Journal of History