Civil Resistance and Power Politics: The Experience of Non-violent Action from Gandhi to the Present

Paperback | October 5, 2011

EditorAdam Roberts, Timothy Garton Ash

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This widely-praised book identified peaceful struggle as a key phenomenon in international politics a year before the revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt confirmed its central argument. Civil resistance - non-violent action against such challenges as dictatorial rule, racial discrimination andforeign military occupation - is a significant but inadequately understood feature of world politics. Especially through the peaceful revolutions of 1989, and the developments in the Arab world since December 2010, it has helped to shape the world we live in. Civil Resistance and Power Politics covers most of the leading cases, including the actions master-minded by Gandhi, the US civil rights struggle in the 1960s, the Islamic revolution in Iran in 1979, the 'people power' revolt in the Philippines in the 1980s, the campaigns against apartheid in SouthAfrica, the various movements contributing to the collapse of the Soviet Bloc in 1989-91, and, in this century, the 'colour revolutions' in Georgia and Ukraine. The chapters, written by leading experts, are richly descriptive and analytically rigorous. This book addresses the complex interrelationship between civil resistance and other dimensions of power. It explores the question of whether civil resistance should be seen as potentially replacing violence completely, or as a phenomenon that operates in conjunction with, and modification of, powerpolitics. It looks at cases where campaigns were repressed, including China in 1989 and Burma in 2007. It notes that in several instances, including Northern Ireland, Kosovo and, Georgia, civil resistance movements were followed by the outbreak of armed conflict. It also includes a chapter with newmaterial from Russian archives showing how the Soviet leadership responded to civil resistance, and a comprehensive bibliographical essay. Illustrated throughout with a remarkable selection of photographs, this uniquely wide-ranging and path-breaking study is written in an accessible style and is intended for the general reader as well as for students of Modern History, Politics, Sociology, and International Relations.

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This widely-praised book identified peaceful struggle as a key phenomenon in international politics a year before the revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt confirmed its central argument. Civil resistance - non-violent action against such challenges as dictatorial rule, racial discrimination andforeign military occupation - is a significant...

Professor Sir Adam Roberts is Senior Research Fellow, Department of Politics and International Relations, Oxford University, and Emeritus Fellow of Balliol College, Oxford. His main academic interests are in the fields of international security, international organizations, and international law (including the laws of war). He has als...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:432 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.68 inPublished:October 5, 2011Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199691452

ISBN - 13:9780199691456

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Table of Contents

Foreword on the Arab SpringPrefaceAcknowledgementsContentsList of IllustrationsList of ContributorsList of Initial Questions1. Adam Roberts: Civil Resistance and Power Politics2. April Carter: People Power and Protest: The Literature on Civil Resistance in Historical Context3. Judith Brown: Gandhi and Civil Resistance in India, 1917-47: Key Issues4. Doug McAdam: The US Civil Rights Movement: Power from Below and Above, 1945-705. Richard English: The Interplay of Non-violent and Violent Action in Northern Ireland, 1967-726. Mark Kramer: The Dialectics of Empire: Soviet Leaders and the Challenge of Civil Resistance in East-Central Europe, 1968-917. Kieran Williams: Civil Resistance in Czechoslovakia: From Soviet Invasion to 'Velvet Revolution', 1968-898. Aleksander Smolar: Towards 'Self-Limiting Revolution': Poland, 1970-899. Kenneth Maxwell: Portugal: 'The Revolution of the Carnations', 1974-7510. Ervand Abrahamian: Mass Protests in the Iranian Revolution, 1977-7911. Amado Mendoza: 'People Power' in the Philippines, 1983-8612. Carlos Huneeus: Political Mass Mobilization against Authoritarian Rule: Pinochet's Chile, 1983-8813. Tom Lodge: The Interplay of Non-violent and Violent Action in the Movement against Apartheid in South Africa, 1983-9414. Mark R. Beissinger: The Intersection of Ethnic Nationalism and People Power Tactics in the Baltic States, 1987-9115. Merle Goldman: The 1989 Demonstrations in Tiananmen Square and Beyond: Echoes of Gandhi16. Charles S. Maier: Civil Resistance and Civil Society: Lessons from the Collapse of the German Democratic Republic in 198917. Howard Clark: The Limits of Prudence: Civil Resistance in Kosovo, 1990-9818. Ivan Vejvoda: Civil Society versus Slobodan Milosevic: Serbia, 1991-200019. Stephen Jones: Georgia's 'Rose Revolution' of 2003: A Forceful Peace20. Andrew Wilson: Ukraine's 'Orange Revolution' of 2004: The Paradoxes of Negotiation21. Christina Fink: The Moment of the Monks: Burma, 200722. Timothy Garton Ash: A Century of Civil Resistance: Some Lessons and Questions