Civilization And Monsters: Spirits Of Modernity In Meiji Japan by Gerald A. FigalCivilization And Monsters: Spirits Of Modernity In Meiji Japan by Gerald A. Figal

Civilization And Monsters: Spirits Of Modernity In Meiji Japan

byGerald A. Figal

Paperback | January 1, 2000

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Monsters, ghosts, the supernatural, the fantastic, the mysterious. These are not usually considered the "stuff" of modernism. More often they are regarded as inconsequential to the study of the modern, or, at best, seen as representative of traditional beliefs that are overcome and left behind in the transformation toward modernity. In "Civilization and Monsters" Gerald Figal asserts that discourse on the fantastic was at the heart of the historical configuration of Japanese modernity--that the representation of the magical and mysterious played an integral part in the production of modernity beginning in Meiji Japan (1868-1912).
After discussing the role of the fantastic in everyday Japan at the eve of the Meiji period, Figal draws new connections between folklorists, writers, educators, state ideologues, and policymakers, all of whom crossed paths in a contest over supernatural terrain. He shows the ways in which a determined Meiji state was engaged in a battle to suppress, denigrate, manipulate, or reincorporate folk belief as part of an effort toward the consolidation of a modern national culture. Modern medicine and education, functioning as a means for the state to exercise its power, redefined folk practices as a source of evil. Diverse local spirits were supplanted by a new Japanese Spirit, embodied by the newly constituted emperor, the supernatural source of the nation's strength. The monsters of folklore were identified, catalogued, and characterized according to a new regime of modern reason. But whether engaged to support state power and forge a national citizenry or to critique the arbitrary nature of that power, the fantastic, as Figal maintains, is the constantcondition of Japanese modernity in all its contradictions. Furthermore, he argues, modernity in general is born of fantasy in ways that have scarcely been recognized.
Bringing unexplored and provocative new ideas to the Japan specialist, "Civilization and Monsters" will also appeal to readers concerned with issues of modernity in general.
Title:Civilization And Monsters: Spirits Of Modernity In Meiji JapanFormat:PaperbackDimensions:304 pages, 9.25 × 6.02 × 0.9 inPublished:January 1, 2000Publisher:Duke University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0822324180

ISBN - 13:9780822324188

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From Our Editors

With reference to monsters, ghosts, the supernatural, the fantastic and the mysterious, Gerald Figal explains that images of the magical played an integral role in the production of modernity beginning in Meiji, Japan. Civilization and Monsters: Spirits of Modernity in Meiji Japan shows the connections between folklorists, writers, educators, state ideologues and policy makers crossing paths in a contest over supernatural terrain.

Editorial Reviews

"Figal has written an important and unique book that imaginatively juxtaposes a number of diverse thinkers linked together by their entanglements with modernity and what they call "fushigi," . . . [T]he elegant yet accessible style in which the book is organized and written will make this worthwhile reading for anyone interested in modernisms of the fantastic throughout the world." --Takashi Fujitani, "American Historical Review"