Civilization Of The Eastern Iränians In Ancient Times (volume 1); Ethnography And Social Life by Wilhelm GeigerCivilization Of The Eastern Iränians In Ancient Times (volume 1); Ethnography And Social Life by Wilhelm Geiger

Civilization Of The Eastern Iränians In Ancient Times (volume 1); Ethnography And Social Life

byWilhelm Geiger

Paperback | February 2, 2012

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1885. Excerpt: ... § 17. Morality. Piety in thoughts, words and works, was the chief precept of the Zoroastrian religion1. In it everything else is included; it is the sum of all precepts, the doctrine that is always repeated anew, that is, I dare say, met with on every page of the Avesta. He who thinks, speaks and acts well, or, as it is said, according to religion2, is a perfect worshipper of Mazda (Mazdayasna) and a worthy follower of Zarathushtra. This triple injunction is a summary of the whole ethical life of the Zoroastrian. It would be superfluous to attempt proving this from any passage of the later Avesta; I will put forward here only one strophe from the Gathas to prove that this doctrine existed already in the oldest period of the Mazdayasnian community: 'The two spirits, that first existed, The twins, announced to me in a dream, What good was and what evil In thoughts, and words, and works. Of this the pious choose The right, but not the bad ones3.' It affords, indeed, proof of a great ethical tendency and of a very sober and profound way of thinking, that the Avesta people, or at least the priests of their religion, arrived at the truth that sins by thought must be ranked with sins 1 Humata, hukhta, Auvarshta 'good thoughts, words and works'; united they form asha=Skr. rta ' piety.' According to Darmesteter (Ormuzd et Ahriman, p. 8 seq.) these three notions had originally a liturgical signification, viz.=Skr. sumati 'devotion,' sukta 'saying, prayer,' sukrta 'sacrifice.' But I have no doubt that they developed already in the Avesta into really ethical notions. s Anumatei daenayao, anukhtee daenayao, anuvarshtie daenayao, Yt. V, 18. Cf. Vsp. II, 5. 3 Ys. XXX, 3; similarly Ys. XLV, 8. by deed, and that, therefore, the actual root and source of everything ...
Title:Civilization Of The Eastern Iränians In Ancient Times (volume 1); Ethnography And Social LifeFormat:PaperbackDimensions:98 pages, 9.69 × 7.44 × 0.2 inPublished:February 2, 2012Publisher:General Books LLCLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0217814271

ISBN - 13:9780217814270

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