Clay Microstructure by Richard BennettClay Microstructure by Richard Bennett

Clay Microstructure

byRichard Bennett, Matthew Hulbert

Paperback | November 5, 2011

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Plan of Review This review of clay microstructure is aimed at the diverse group of professionals who share an interest in the properties of fine-grained minerals in sediments. During the last several decades, members of this group have included geologists, soil scientists, soil engineers, engineering geologists, and ceramics scientists. More recently, it has included significant numbers of marine geologists and other engineers. Each of the disciplines has developed special techniques for investigating properties of clay sediments that have proven to be fruitful in answering questions of central interest. Knowledge of clay microstructure-the fabric of a sediment and the physico­ chemical interactions between its components-is fundamental to all these disciplines (Mitchell 1956; Lambe 1958a; Foster and De 1971). Clay fabric refers to the spatial distribution, orientations, and particle-to-particle relations of the solid particles (generally those less than 3. 9 /Lm in size) of sediment. Physico-chemical interac­ tions are expressions of the forces between the particles. In this review, we trace the historical development of under­ standing clay microstructure by discussing key scientific papers published before 1986 on physico-chemical interactions in fine­ grained sediments and on clay fabric. Since the development follows an intricate path, the current view of clay microstructure is summarized. This summary includes a discussion of the present state of knowledge, the observations made so far, and the facts that are now established.
Title:Clay MicrostructureFormat:PaperbackPublished:November 5, 2011Publisher:Springer NetherlandsLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:940108582X

ISBN - 13:9789401085823

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Table of Contents

1 Introduction.- Plan of Review Soil, Sediment, and Clay Minerals.- 2 Physico-Chemical Interactions.- Physico-Chemistry.- Silicate Minerals.- Physico-Chemistry of Clays.- Other Models of Charged Particles.- Early Ideas of Physico-Chemical Effects on Clay Fabric.- Clay Mineral Structures and Interactions.- Synthesis of Clay Fabric Models.- Response of Specific Clay Minerals.- 3 Concepts of Clay Fabric.- Early Concepts.- Later Concepts and Observations.- Current Concepts and Observations.- 4 A Current View of Clay Microstructure and New Research Direction.- Preparation of Samples for Electron Microscopy.- Dehydration and Embedding Methods.- Critical Point Drying.- Determination of Particle Orientation.- Present State of Knowledge.- Research Problems.- Observational Evidence.- Fundamental Characteristics and Models.- 5 Clay Fabric and Environment.- Environmental Effects on the Development of Clay Fabric.- Initial Stage.- Postdepositional Stage.- Depth of Burial Versus Fissility.- The Principle of Chemical Irreversibility of Clay Fabric.- Chemical Environment and Clay Fabric.- Significance of the Principle.- 6 Summary.- References.