Climate Variability and the Global Harvest: Impacts of El Nino and Other Oscillations on Agro…

Hardcover | January 2, 2008

byCynthia Rosenzweig, Daniel Hillel

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The Earth's climate is constantly changing. Some of the changes are progressive, while others fluctuate at various time scales. The El Nino-la Nina cycle is one such fluctuation that recurs every few years and has far-reaching impacts. It generally appears at least once per decade, but thismay vary with our changing climate. The exact frequency, sequence, duration and intensity of El Nino's manifestations, as well as its effects and geographic distributions, are highly variable. The El Nino-la Nina cycle is particularly challenging to study due to its many interlinked phenomena thatoccur in various locations around the globe. These worldwide teleconnections are precisely what makes studying El Nino-la Nina so important. Cynthia Rosenzweig and Daniel Hillel describe the current efforts to develop and apply a global-to-regional approach to climate-risk management. They explain how atmospheric and social scientists are cooperating with agricultural practitioners in various regions around the world to determine howfarmers may benefit most from new climate predictions. Specifically, the emerging ability to predict the El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) cycle offers the potential to transform agricultural planning worldwide. Biophysical scientists are only now beginning to recognize the large-scale, globallydistributed impacts of ENSO on the probabilities of seasonal precipitation and temperature regimes. Meanwhile, social scientists have been researching how to disseminate forecasts more effectively within rural communities. Consequently, as the quality of climatic predictions have improved, thedissemination and presentation of forecasts have become more effective as well. This book explores the growing understanding of the interconnectedness of climate predictions and productive agriculture for sustainable development, as well as methods and models used to study this relationship.

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The Earth's climate is constantly changing. Some of the changes are progressive, while others fluctuate at various time scales. The El Nino-la Nina cycle is one such fluctuation that recurs every few years and has far-reaching impacts. It generally appears at least once per decade, but thismay vary with our changing climate. The exact ...

Cynthia Rosenzweig is an Associate Professor of Environmental Science at Barnard College; and Research Scientist at Columbia University. Daniel Hillel is Professor Emeritus of Soil Science at University of Massachusetts; and Visiting Scientist, both at NASA/Goddard Institute for Space Studies.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:224 pages, 6.3 × 9.29 × 0.79 inPublished:January 2, 2008Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195137639

ISBN - 13:9780195137637

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Table of Contents

Prologue1. Climate Variability in the Context of Climate Change: El Nino and Other Oscillations2. Impacts of El Nino-La Nina Cycles; Systems and Sectors3. Links to Agroecosystems: Processes and Productivity4. Recent El Ninos and Their Manifestations: Evolving Understanding5. Analysis of El Nino Effects: Methods and Models6. Seasonal Climate Predictions: Farmers, Planners, and Policy-makers7. Regional Activities in a Global Framework: Developed and Developing Countries8. Climate, Society, and Sustainable Development: Assessing Vulnerability, Building Adaptive CapacityEpilogue

Editorial Reviews

"This excellent book provides a comprehensive assessment of the impact of climate variability--principally the El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO)--on the health and productivity of agricultural systems around the world."--Choice