Clinical Performance of Skeletal Prostheses by J. WilsonClinical Performance of Skeletal Prostheses by J. Wilson

Clinical Performance of Skeletal Prostheses

byJ. WilsonEditorLarry Hench

Paperback | October 20, 2012

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Larry L. Hench June Wilson OBJECTIVE Millions of people presently enjoy an improved quality of life due to prostheses which repair, augment or replace parts of their skeletal system: bones, joints, teeth, etc. However, all replacement parts have a finite probability of survival. The goal of this book is to compare the survivability data for various skeletal prosthesis systems. All data derive from previously published clinical studies. Where possible statistical comparisons are made and the reasons for failure are discussed. THE NEED FOR SKELETAL PROSTHESES We are an aging population with more than 100 million people in the U. S. and Europe over the age of 50 years. An unfortunate consequence of aging is a progressive deterioration of the quality of skeletal tissues. From the age of 30 years there is a decrease in bone mass for both men and women (Fig. 1. 1). However, for women it is much greater and between 40 and 60 years of age the rate of deterioration of long bones and vertebrae of women is especially severe due to hormonal changes. By the age of 70 most women will have lost from 35 to 60% of their bone mass. The loss of volume of cancellous or trabecular bone leads to a large decrease in mechanical compressive strength (Fig. 1. 2). The clinical consequence is an increasing incidence of vertebral collapse. Cortical bone decreases in tensile strength with age (Fig. 1.
Title:Clinical Performance of Skeletal ProsthesesFormat:PaperbackDimensions:280 pagesPublished:October 20, 2012Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:9401042411

ISBN - 13:9789401042413

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Table of Contents

Introduction. Low-friction total hip arthroplasties. Evaluation of the success of non-cemented porous and HA coated metal-UHMWPE total hip. Alumina-alumina and alumina-polythylene. Total hip replacement: metal-on-metal systems. A comparison of artificial knee arthroplasties. Shoulder implant system. Elbow joint implant systems. Toe joint implant systems. Evaluation of limb lengthening techniques. Success of surgery on the anterior cervical spine: Smith-Robinson technique vs internal plates. Ventilation tubes. Ossicular replacement prostheses. Longevity of osseointegrated dental implants. Alveolar ridge maintenance implants. Summary.

Editorial Reviews

This is essential core material for any research-orientated department of orthopaedics and presents a scientific foundation for studies on the future of prosthetic replacement - The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery