Close Reading: An Introduction to Literature

Paperback | September 29, 2009

byElisabeth S. Howe

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Written for an Introduction to Literature course, Close Reading allows students to examine the language and structure of a text, as well as the ideas or feelings it expresses, and to investigate the intricate links between form and content.  It helps students to see such issues as sound and rhythm, imagery and figurative language, voice, the way characters are portrayed, the importance of setting, plot structure - all the elements that make literature 'literary' - changes the way in which they approach their study of literature.   Covers poetry, fiction, and drama.

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From the Publisher

Written for an Introduction to Literature course, Close Reading allows students to examine the language and structure of a text, as well as the ideas or feelings it expresses, and to investigate the intricate links between form and content.  It helps students to see such issues as sound and rhythm, imagery and figurative language, voic...

From the Jacket

  Strong focus on the processes of analyzing the literary elements of poetry, prose, and drama and writing about them.  Examines the language and structure of a text, as well as the ideas or feelings it expresses, and investigates the intricate links between form and content.  By opening with this kind of in-depth analysis, a person is...

Format:PaperbackDimensions:320 pages, 9 × 6.9 × 0.7 inPublished:September 29, 2009Publisher:Pearson EducationLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0132436566

ISBN - 13:9780132436564

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Table of Contents

Preface

Introduction to Close Reading

                            

PART 1   POETRY

Chapter 1 Introduction to Aspects of Poetry

Aspects of Poetry

       Lyric poetry and narrative poetry

       Formal characteristics of poetry

       Ambiguity 

Vocabulary 

       Denotations and connotations

       Semantic fields

Specialized vocabulary

Exercises on vocabulary 

Imagery  

Figurative Language

Simile and Metaphor

Allegory 

Anaphora

Antithesis

Apostrophe

Hyperbole

Irony
Metaphor

Metonymy

Oxymoron

       Paradox

       Personification

       Simile

       Symbol

       Synecdoche

       Understatement

       Exercises on imagery and figurative language

Sounds

       Alliteration

       Assonance

       Onomatopoeia 

        Exercises on sounds

Rhythm

       Types of rhythm

       Enjambment 

Exercises on rhythm   

Versification

       The verse line

       Meter

       Meter and rhythm 

       Meter and syntax

       Punctuation

        Enjambment

       Exercises on meter 

       Rhyme

                 Blank verse 

       Stanzas

              Fixed forms 

              Sonnet

       Exercises on rhyme and stanza forms

       Free verse

Speaker, Voice and Tone 

       First-person lyric    

       Tone

       Exercises on speaker and tone  

Structure                 

       Division into parts

       Closure          

       Exercises on structure

                  

Chapter 2 Writing A Close Reading of a Poem

Preparing to Write a Close Reading of a Poem

       Preparatory Reading    

       Annotating the poem

       Your audience

       Quoting titles

       Quoting from the poem

       Paraphrasing

       Clarity and Style

 Writing a Close Reading of a Poem

       Title

       The introduction

       Theme

       The detailed analysis

       The conclusion

       Revision                                      

       Avoiding Plagiarism

 Summary of elements to discuss in a poem

 

Chapter 3 CLOSE READINGS OF POEMS                             

Model Close Readings of Poems

 “Death, be not proud” by John Donne      

“When I heard the learn’d astronomer” by Walt Whitman    

  “Mid-Term Break” by Seamus Heaney           

  “Those Winter Sundays” by Robert Hayden  

Commentary on model close reading #4  

 Towards Close Reading: Poems accompanied by questions 

 “That time of year thou may’st in me behold” by William Shakespeare 

 “She Walks in Beauty” by Alfred, Lord Byron  

 “Meeting at Night” by Robert Browning   

  “A noiseless patient spider” by Walt Whitman

 “Acquainted with the Night” by Robert Frost  

 “Naming of Parts” by Henry Reed  

 “Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers” by Adrienne Rich 

 “Harlem (A Dream Deferred)” by Langston Hughes 

 

PART 2     PROSE 

 Chapter 4 Introduction to Aspects of Prose 

Aspects of Prose                                                          

Plot                                                                    

       Flashbacks                                                       

       Foreshadowing                                           

       Conflict                                                        

       Exposition, Development, Crisis, Dénouement                

       Scene and summary                                               

       Exercises on plot                                                  

 Characterization                                                        

       Psychological, social and philosophical functions                     

       Ways of knowing a character 

       Exercises on characterization                                    

 Point of View                                                          

       The narrator                                                     

       First and third person narration

       Unreliable narrators                                               

       Omniscient narration                                              

       Limited omniscience                                               

       Stream of consciousness                                             

       Objective narration                                                

Exercises on point of view                                        

 Setting                                                                

       Realistic and symbolic settings                              

       Atmosphere and mood                                    

Exercises on setting                                             

 Style                                                                   

       Syntax                                                         

       Punctuation                                                       

       Choice of vocabulary     

       Description 

       Narrative    

       Persuasion 

       Dialogue 

       Repetitions of words                                              

       Other stylistic devices                                            

       Symbols                                                           

       Irony  

Exercises on style                                                 

 Theme                                                                

       Exercises on theme  

 

Chapter 5 Writing A Close Reading of a Prose Passage      

Preparing to write a close reading of a prose passage                 

       Preparatory work                                                  

       Annotating the text                                                        

       Your audience  

       Quoting from the text                                             

Writing a close reading of a prose passage                                    

       Title     

       The introduction                                                 

       The detailed analysis                                              

       The conclusion                                           

       Revision   

       Avoiding Plagiarism                                                        

Summary of Elements to discuss in a prose passage                    

 

Chapter 6 CLOSE READINGS OF PROSE PASSAGES                    

Model Close Readings of Prose Passages                                    

 “The Black Cat” by Edgar Allan Poe                               

  “The Lady with the Dog” by Anton Chekhov                       

  “The Storm” by Kate Chopin                                    

Commentary on model close reading #3                                   

Towards Close Reading: Prose passages accompanied by questions            

 “Young Goodman Brown” by Nathaniel Hawthorne                          

“The Story of an Hour” by Kate Chopin                                   

“The Lady with the Dog” by Anton Chekhov                         

“Araby” by James Joyce

 “A Rose for Emily” by William Faulkner 

 “A & P” by John Updike                                                  

 “A Pair of Tickets” by Amy Tan 

 

PART 3     DRAMA

Chapter 7 Introduction to Aspects of Drama                                

Aspects of drama                                                         

       Drama as performance                                    

       Suspension of disbelief                                    

       Mimesis                                                        

       Tragedy and comedy

       Stage directions                                                 

Dialogue                                                                  

       Natural and informative dialogue 

       The language of dialogue                                             

       Gestures and facial expressions                             

       Dramatic irony                                           

       Monologues, soliloquies, asides                             

       Exercises on dialogue                                           

Characterization                                                        

       “Flat” and “rounded” characters                                   

       Stereotypes                                                      

       Exercises on characterization                                    

Plot                                                                    

       Conflict                                                        

       Suspense, surprise                                                 

       Exposition, development, crisis, dénouement                         

       Eercise on plot                                                 

Theme                                                                

       Exercises on theme                                              

Setting                                                                

       Historical period                                                    

       Realistic and symbolic settings                              

 Costumes, Props, Lighting, Sound Effects                                   

 

Chapter 8 Writing a Close Reading of A Dramatic Passage                    

Preparing to write a close reading of a dramatic passage                     

Writing a close reading of a dramatic passage                 

       The introduction                                                 

       The detailed analysis                                              

       The conclusion                                           

       Revision                                                    

       Avoiding Plagiarism                                               

Summary of Elements to discuss in a dramatic passage               

 

Chapter 9 CLOSE READINGS OF DRAMATIC PASSAGES                 

Model Close Readings of dramatic passages                                

A Doll House by Henrik Ibsen                                    

Trifles by Susan Glaspell                                                   

Commentary on model close reading #2                                    

Towards Close Reading: Dramatic passages accompanied by questions

Hamlet by William Shakespeare                                             

Othello by William Shakespeare                                             

A Doll House by Henrik Ibsen                                    

The Cherry Orchard by Anton Chekhov                                     

Trifles by Susan Glaspell                                                   

 

PART 4   MOVING BEYOND CLOSE READING: OTHER TYPES OF WRITING ABOUT LITERATURE

Chapter 10  Short Essays                                                 

       Types of Essay                                                    

        Preparatory Work                                                

Annotating the text and making notes                            

Your audience                                                                                          

Writing the essay

       Title                                                             

       Introduction                                                    

       Using quotations                                                    

       Paragraphs                                                       

       Conclusion                                                        

       Use of present tense and first person                              

  Revision                                                                

       Sample short essay                                                   

       Commentary on the essay                                        

      Sample short essay on a short story (“A Pair of Tickets”)                  

       Commentary on the essay                                         

      Sample short essay on a play (“Trifles”)                              

       Commentary on the essay                                           

 Writing Aids                                                            

 

Chapter 11 Research Papers                                              

       Primary and secondary texts                                     

       Searching for secondary texts                                     

       Taking notes from secondary sources                              

       Avoiding plagiarism                                              

       Incorporating secondary sources into your paper                       

Organizing your paper                                                   

Integrating quotations                                                  

Documentation                                                         

Referring to works cited                                                   

 

Chapter 12 Brief Introduction to literary criticism                           

Historical criticism                                                 

       Biographical criticism                                           

       Formalist (New) criticism                                          

       Structuralist criticism                                            

       Archetypal criticism                                              

       Psychoanalytic criticism                                             

       Deconstruction                                                  

       Feminist criticism                                                  

       Reader-response criticism                                         

 

Appendix 1: The Phonetic Alphabet

 

Appendix 2:  Selection of poems:

Blake, William        “The Sick Rose”

“The Tyger”

Browning, Robert               “Meeting at Night”

Byron, George Gordon       “She Walks in Beauty”

Coleridge, Samuel Taylor        “Kubla Khan”

Dickinson, Emily                “Wild Nights”

Donne, John                  “Death, be not proud”

Dunbar, Paul                “We Wear the Mask”

Frost, Robert                 “Acquainted with the Night”

Hayden, Robert                  “Those Winter Sundays”

Heaney, Seamus                “Mid-Term Break”

Hughes, Langston             “Harlem (A Dream Deferred)”

Keats, John                   “Ode on a Grecian Urn”

                            “Ode to a Nightingale”

                            “To Autumn”

Magee, John Gillespie “High Flight”                            

Marvell, Andrew               “To His Coy Mistress”

McKay, Claude                 “The White City”

Nemerov, Howard             “The Vacuum”

Pastan, Linda                “To a Daughter Leaving Home’

Reed, Henry                  “Naming of Parts”

Rich, Adrienne        “Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers”

Rossetti, Christina              “Up-Hill”

Shakespeare, William “That time of year thou may’st in be behold”

Shelley, Percy Bysshe        “Ode to the West Wind”

Tennyson, Alfred               “The Eagle”

  “Ulysses”

 Whitman, Walt              “A noiseless patient spider”

 “When I heard the learn’d astronomer”

Wordsworth, William   “Composed Upon Westminster Bridge”

                            “It is a beauteous evening”

                            “I wandered lonely as a cloud”

 

Appendix 3:  Selection of short stories :

 Chekhov, Anton                 “The Lady with the Dog”

Chopin, Kate                 “The Storm”

                            “The Story of an Hour”

Faulkner, Willliam              “A Rose for Emily”

Hawthorne, Nathaniel  “Young Goodman Brown”

 Joyce, James                 “Araby”

                            “The Boarding House”

Maupassant, Guy de         “The Jewelry”

                            “The Necklace”

Poe, Edgar Allen                 “The Black Cat”

                            “The Cask of Amontillado”

Tan, Amy                     “A Pair of Tickets”

Updike, John                 “A & P”

Appendix 4:  Selection of plays:

Glaspell, Susan                  Trifles

Appendix 5: Glossary of Literary Terms