Coalitions and Compliance: The Political Economy of Pharmaceutical Patents in Latin America by Kenneth C. ShadlenCoalitions and Compliance: The Political Economy of Pharmaceutical Patents in Latin America by Kenneth C. Shadlen

Coalitions and Compliance: The Political Economy of Pharmaceutical Patents in Latin America

byKenneth C. Shadlen

Hardcover | September 16, 2017

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Coalitions and Compliance examines the diverse ways that international changes can reconfigure domestic politics. Since the late 1980s developing countries have come under considerable pressure to revise their intellectual property policies and practices. One area where pressures have beenexceptionally controversial is in pharmaceuticals: historically, fearing the costs of providing private property rights over knowledge in this area, developing countries did not grant patents to drugs. Now they must do so. This book analyses different forms of compliance with this new internationalimperative in Latin America, analysing the politics of pharmaceutical patenting in Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico. The book focuses on two periods of patent politics: initial conflicts over how to introduce drug patents, and then subsequent conflicts over how these new patent systems should function. In contrast to explanations of national policy choice based on external pressures, domestic institutions, or theideological orientation of political leaders, this book attributes cross-national and longitudinal variation in patent policy to the ways that changing social structures affect political leaders' abilities to construct and sustain supportive coalitions. The analysis begins with consideration of therelative resources and capabilities of the transnational and national pharmaceutical sectors, and these rival actors' strategies for attracting allies. Emphasis is placed on two ways that social structures are transformed so as to affect coalition building possibilities: how exporters fearing theloss of preferential market access may be converted into allies of transnational drug firms, and the differential patterns of adjustment among state and societal actors that are inspired by the introduction of new policies. It is within the changing structural conditions produced by these twoprocesses that political leaders build coalitions in support of different forms of compliance.
Ken Shadlen is Professor of Development Studies in the Department of International Development, the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). His publications include The Political Economy of Hemispheric Integration (co-edted with Diego Sanchez-Ancochea, Palgrave, 2008), The Politics of Intellectual Property (co-edited wi...
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Title:Coalitions and Compliance: The Political Economy of Pharmaceutical Patents in Latin AmericaFormat:HardcoverDimensions:320 pagesPublished:September 16, 2017Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199593906

ISBN - 13:9780199593903

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Table of Contents

Part I: Context, Theory, Explanatory Framework1. Global Change, Political Coalitions, and National Responses2. The Political Economy of Pharmaceutical PatentsPart II: Introducing Pharmaceutical Patents3. Power to the Producers: Industrial Legacies, Coalitional Expansion, and Minimalist Compliance in Argentina4. Not If but How: NAFTA and Early, Over-Compliance in Mexico5. Coalitional Clash, Export Mobilization, and Executive Agency: From Reluctant Acquiescence to Enthusiastic Over-Compliance in BrazilPart III: Modifying New Pharmaceutical Patent Systems6. The Defensive Coalition on the Offensive: Domestic Firms and Argentina's Market-Preserving Patent System7. What's Good for Us is Good for You: The Transnational Pharmaceutical Sector and Mexico's Internationalist Patent System8. Patent Policy in the Shadows of Over-Compliance: Neo-Developmentalism in BrazilPart IV: Conclusion9. Patents and Development in the New Global EconomyFieldwork Appendix