Coevolution Of Life On Hosts: Integrating Ecology And History

Paperback | December 24, 2015

byDale H. Clayton, Sarah E. Bush, Kevin P. Johnson

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For most, the mere mention of lice forces an immediate hand to the head and recollection of childhood experiences with nits, medicated shampoos, and traumatic haircuts. But for a certain breed of biologist, lice make for fascinating scientific fodder, especially enlightening in the study of coevolution. In this book, three leading experts on host-parasite relationships demonstrate how the stunning coevolution that occurs between such species in microevolutionary, or ecological, time generates clear footprints in macroevolutionary, or historical, time. By integrating these scales, Coevolution of Life on Hosts offers a comprehensive understanding of the influence of coevolution on the diversity of all life.

Following an introduction to coevolutionary concepts, the authors combine experimental and comparative host-parasite approaches for testing coevolutionary hypotheses to explore the influence of ecological interactions and coadaptation on patterns of diversification and codiversification among interacting species. Ectoparasites—a diverse assemblage of organisms that ranges from herbivorous insects on plants, to monogenean flatworms on fish, and feather lice on birds—are powerful models for the study of coevolution because they are easy to observe, mark, and count. As lice on birds and mammals are permanent parasites that spend their entire lifecycles on the bodies of their hosts, they are ideally suited to generating a synthetic overview of coevolution—and, thereby, offer an exciting framework for integrating the concepts of coadaptation and codiversification.

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From the Publisher

For most, the mere mention of lice forces an immediate hand to the head and recollection of childhood experiences with nits, medicated shampoos, and traumatic haircuts. But for a certain breed of biologist, lice make for fascinating scientific fodder, especially enlightening in the study of coevolution. In this book, three leading expe...

Dale H. Clayton is professor of biology at the University of Utah. He is coeditor of Host-Parasite Evolution: General Principles and Avian Models, coauthor of The Chewing Lice: World Checklist and Biological Overview, and inventor of the LouseBuster™. He lives in Salt Lake City, UT. Sarah E. Bush is an assistant professor of biology at...
Format:PaperbackDimensions:320 pages, 9 × 6 × 0.9 inPublished:December 24, 2015Publisher:University Of Chicago PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:022630227X

ISBN - 13:9780226302270

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Extra Content

Table of Contents

Preface

Part I. Background

1. Introduction to coevolution
2. Biology of lice: overview
3. Effects of lice on hosts

Part II. Coadaptation

4. Adaptations for resisting lice
5. Counter-adaptations of lice
6. Competition and coadaptation

Part III. Hosts as islands

7. Dispersal
8. Population structure

Part IV. Codiversification

9. Cophylogenetic dynamics
10. Comparative cophylogenetics of lice
11. Coadaptive diversification of lice

Part V. Synthesis

12. Coevolution of life on hosts

Color Plates
Literature cited
Index

Editorial Reviews

“This is not only a book about lice and host adaptations and counter-adaptations, this is a book about how one tests for the role of coevolution by studying a fascinating system. It is the way the authors lay out the logic and rationale for the tests and comparisons they present that will make this book timeless. . . . There is no question that the culmination of decades of work by Clayton, Bush, and Johnson has provided a rich tapestry woven together in Coevolution of Life on Hosts. Champions and skeptics of coevolution alike will find a wealth of studies and ideas that are sure to generate deep thought. In my opinion, Clayton, Bush, and Johnson have shown us that coevolution is a continual and important source of selection between interacting lineages.”