Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking Cognitive and Cerebral Aging

Paperback | May 8, 2009

EditorRoberto Cabeza, Lars Nyberg, Denise Park

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Until very recently, our knowledge about the neural basis of cognitive aging was based on two disciplines that had very little contact with each other. Whereas the neuroscience of aging investigated the effects of aging on the brain independently of age-related changes in cognition, thecognitive psychology of aging investigated the effects of aging on cognition independently of age-related changes in the brain. The lack of communication between these two disciplines is currently being addressed by an increasing number of studies that focus on the relationships between cognitiveaging and cerebral aging. This rapidly growing body of research has come to constitute a new discipline, which may be called cognitive neuroscience of aging. The goal of Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging is to introduce the reader to this new discipline at a level that is useful to both professionalsand students in the domains of cognitive neuroscience, cognitive psychology, neuroscience, neuropsychology, neurology, and other, related areas. This book is divided into four main sections. The first section describes noninvasive measures of cerebral aging, including structural (e.g., volumetric MRI), chemical (e.g., dopamine PET), electrophysiological (e.g., ERPs), and hemodynamic (e.g., fMRI), and discusses how they can be linked tobehavioral measures of cognitive aging. The second section reviews evidence for the effects of aging on neural activity during different cognitive functions, including perception and attention, imagery, working memory, long-term memory, and prospective memory. The third section focuses on clinicaland applied topics, such as the distinction between healthy aging and Alzheimers disease and the use of cognitive training to ameliorate age-related cognitive decline. The last section describes theories that relate cognitive and cerebral aging, including models accounting for functionalneuroimaging evidence and models supported by computer simulations. Taken together, the chapters in this volume provide the first unified and comprehensive overview of the new discipline of cognitive neuroscience of aging.

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From the Publisher

Until very recently, our knowledge about the neural basis of cognitive aging was based on two disciplines that had very little contact with each other. Whereas the neuroscience of aging investigated the effects of aging on the brain independently of age-related changes in cognition, thecognitive psychology of aging investigated the eff...

Roberto Cabeza is Professor in Psychological and Neuroscience at Duke University, where he is core faculty at the Center for Cognitive Neuroscience and senior fellow at the Center for the Study of Aging and Human Development. He has conducted pioneering studies on functional neuroimaging of aging, and he is the author of an influentia...

other books by Roberto Cabeza

Format:PaperbackDimensions:408 pages, 9 × 6 × 1 inPublished:May 8, 2009Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195388224

ISBN - 13:9780195388220

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Table of Contents

1. Roberto Cabeza, Lars Nyberg, and Denise C. Park: Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Emergence of a New DisciplinePart I: Imaging Measures2. Naftali Raz: The Aging Brain Observed in Vivo: Differential Changes and Their Modifiers3. Lars Backman and Lars Farde: The Role of Dopamine Systems in Cognitive Aging4. Monica Fabiani and Gabriele Gratton: Electrophysiological and Optical Measures of Cognitive Aging5. Adam H. Gazzaley and Mark D'Esposito: BOLD Functions MRI and Cognitive Aging6. Michael D. Rugg and Alexa M. Morcom: The Relationship Between Brain Activity, Cognitive Performance, and Aging: The Case of MemoryPart II: Basic Cognitive Processes7. David J. Madden, Wythe L. Whiting, and Scott A. Huettel: Age-Related Changes in Neural Activity During Visual Perception and Attention8. Patricia A. Reuter-Lorenz and Ching-Yune C. Sylvester: The Cognitive Neuroscience of Working Memory and Aging9. Denise C. Park and Angela H. Gutchess: Long Term Memory and Aging: A Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective10. Robert West: The Neural Basis of age-Related Declines in Prospective MemoryPart III: Clinical and Applied Issues11. Randy L. Buckner: Three Principals for Cognitive Aging Research: Multiple Causes and Sequelae, Variance in Expression and Response, and the need for Integrative Theory12. Cheryl L. Grady: Functional Connectivity During Memory Tasks in Healthy Aging and Dementia13. Lars Nyberg: Cognitive Training in Healthy Aging: A Cognitive Neuroscience PerspectivePart IV: Models in Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging14. Sander Daselaar and Roberto Cabeza: Age Related Changes in Hemispheric Organization15. Shu-Chen Li: Neurocomputational Perspectives Linking Neuromodulation, Processing Noise, Representational Distinctiveness, and Cognitive Aging

Editorial Reviews

"This is the right book, by the right authors, at the right time. The editors have assembled most of the leading investigators taking a neuroscience approach to the study of cognitive aging, and have asked them to write integrative reviews of the existing literature and to speculate aboutproductive directions for future research. The result is not only a compendium of, in the editors' words "state-of-the-art knowledge about the cognitive neuroscience of aging in 2004," but a valuable source of ideas for research over the next 5 to 10 years." --Timothy Salthouse, Brown-Forman Professor of Psychology, University of Virginia