Cognitive Processes In Eye Guidance

Paperback | July 28, 2005

EditorGeoffrey Underwood

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Whether reading, looking at a picture, or driving, how is it that we know where to look next - how does the human visual system calculate where our gaze should be directed in order to achieve our cognitive aims? Of course, there is an interaction between the decisions about where we shouldlook and about how long we should look there. However, our eyes do not just move randomly over the visual field - whether we are reading, driving, or solving a problem. There are systematic variations not only in the duration of each eye fixation, but also in what we are looking at. It is thesevariations in eye movements that can tell us much about the cognitive processes involved in the performance of these activities. Within reading research, great progress has already been made in understanding these processes and there are now a number of competing and well-formed models. In someother areas of perception, the development of formal theories and the search for critical evidence is less advanced. This book brings together leading vision scientists studying eye movements across a range of activities, such as reading, driving, computer activities, and chess. It providesgroundbreaking new research that will help us understand how it is that we know where to move our eyes, and thereby better understand the cognitive processes underlying these activities.

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From the Publisher

Whether reading, looking at a picture, or driving, how is it that we know where to look next - how does the human visual system calculate where our gaze should be directed in order to achieve our cognitive aims? Of course, there is an interaction between the decisions about where we shouldlook and about how long we should look there. H...

Geoffrey Underwood is at Professor of Cognitive Psychology at the University of Nottingham.

other books by Geoffrey Underwood

Format:PaperbackDimensions:400 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.93 inPublished:July 28, 2005Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198566816

ISBN - 13:9780198566816

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Table of Contents

1. Francoise Vitu: Visual extraction processes and regressive saccades in reading2. Albrecht W Inhoff, Ulrich W Weger and Ralph Radach: Sources of information for the programming of short- and long-range regressions during reading3. Marc Brysbaert, Denis Drieghe and Francoise Vitu: Word skipping: implications for theories of eye movement control in reading4. Jukka Hyona, Raymond Bertram and Alexander Pollatsek: Identifying compound words in reading: an overview and a model5. Shun-nan Yang and George W McConkie: New directions in theories of eye movement control during reading6. Keith Rayner, Erik D Reichle and Alexander Pollatsek: Eye movement control in reading and the E-Z Reader model7. Geoffrey Underwood: Eye fixations on pictures of natural scenes: getting the gist and identifying the components8. Peter de Graef: Semantic effects on object selection in real-world scene perception9. John M Henderson and Monica S Castelhano: Eye movements and visual memory for scenes10. Peter Chapman: Remembering what we've seen: Predicting recollective experience from eye movements when viewing everyday scenes11. John M Findlay and Iain D Gilchrist: Eye guidance and visual search12. David Crundall: The integration of top-down and bottom up factors in visual search during driving13. Jean Underwood: Novice and expert performance with a dynamic control task: scanpaths during a computer game14. Eyal M Reingold and Neil Charness: Perception in chess: evidence from eye movements15. Gunther Knoblich, Michael Ollinger, Michael J Spivey: Tracking the eyes to obtain insight into insight problem solving