Collectors, Scholars, and Forgers in the Ancient World: Object Lessons by Carolyn Higbie

Collectors, Scholars, and Forgers in the Ancient World: Object Lessons

byCarolyn Higbie

Hardcover | March 4, 2017

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Collectors, Scholars, and Forgers in the Ancient World focuses on the fascination which works of art, texts, and antiquarian objects inspired in Greeks and Romans in antiquity and draws parallels with other cultures and eras to offer contexts for understanding that fascination. Statues, bronzeweapons, books, and bones might have been prized for various reasons: because they had religious value, were the work of highly regarded artists and writers, had been possessed by famous mythological figures, or were relics of a long disappeared past. However, attitudes towards these objects alsochanged over time: sculpture which was originally created for a religious purpose became valuable as art and could be removed from its original setting, while historians discovered value in inscriptions and other texts for supporting historical arguments and literary scholars sought earlymanuscripts to establish what authors really wrote. As early as the Hellenistic era, some Greeks and Romans began to collect objects and might even display them in palaces, villas, or gardens; as these objects acquired value, a demand was created for more of them, and so copyists and forgers createdadditional pieces - while copyists imitated existing pieces of art, sometimes adapting to their new settings, forgers created new pieces to complete a collection, fill a gap in historical knowledge, make some money, or to indulge in literary play with knowledgeable readers. The study of forged relics is able to reveal not only what artefacts the Greeks and Romans placed value on, but also what they believed they understood about their past and how they interpreted the evidence for it. Drawing on the latest scholarship on forgery and fakes, as well as a range ofexamples, this book combines stories about frauds with an analysis of their significance, and illuminates and explores the link between collectors, scholars, and forgers in order to offer us a way to better understand the power that objects held over the ancient Greeks and Romans.

About The Author

Carolyn Higbie is Park Professor of Classics at the University at Buffalo, where she has taught since 1999. She has previously held teaching positions at Harvard University and Southern Illinois University at Carbondale as well as being named a Fellow of the Humanities Institute of the University at Buffalo in 2011-12 and Fellow at the...
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Title:Collectors, Scholars, and Forgers in the Ancient World: Object LessonsFormat:HardcoverDimensions:304 pagesPublished:March 4, 2017Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198759304

ISBN - 13:9780198759300

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Table of Contents

FrontmatterList of IllustrationsIntroductionA year (and more) of collecting, scholarship, and fakesThe long interest in forgeryMy own approach to the study of forgeryDefinitions of forgery1. Collectors, Collecting, and CollectionsAn introduction to ancient collecting and collectionsForeign collectors: CroesusForeign collectors: XerxesGreek collectors: oracles, writing, and forgeryAristotleAlexander the GreatCollectors in the Hellenistic eraRoman collectorsCollecting, scholarship, and forgery2. Visual ForgeriesIntroductionSignaturesConnoisseurshipFamous names and the artwork of the pastRoman collectors: originals and copiesThe developmental view of artForgery and forgeries3. Textual ForgeriesThe relics of poetsAutograph manuscriptsEducation, literary play, analysis, and forgeryThe effects of disseminating textsForgery, authentication, and eruditionDocumentary forgeriesThe documents associated with Alexander the GreatThe Lindian Chronicle and sourcesDocuments, handwriting, and forgeries in legal matters of Athens and RomeCounterfeit coinsConclusion4. The Forgery of the PastTharsagoras, Timachidas, and the Lindian ChronicleMucianusPliny the ElderPhlegon of TrallesPausaniasAntiquarians and HomerThe Trojan War in the Lindian ChronicleMycenaeTombsForging the pastPlaying with Homer: DictysPlaying with Homer: Philostratus, 'On Heroes'5. ConclusionEndmatterBibliographyIndex