Colonial Crucible: Empire in the Making of the Modern American State

Paperback | March 27, 2009

EditorAlfred W. McCoy, Francisco A. Scarano

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At the end of the nineteenth century the United States swiftly occupied a string of small islands dotting the Caribbean and Western Pacific, from Puerto Rico and Cuba to Hawaii and the Philippines. Colonial Crucible: Empire in the Making of the Modern American State reveals how this experiment in direct territorial rule subtly but profoundly shaped U.S. policy and practice—both abroad and, crucially, at home. Edited by Alfred W. McCoy and Francisco A. Scarano, the essays in this volume show how the challenge of ruling such far-flung territories strained the U.S. state to its limits, creating both the need and the opportunity for bold social experiments not yet possible within the United States itself. Plunging Washington’s rudimentary bureaucracy into the white heat of nationalist revolution and imperial rivalry, colonialism was a crucible of change in American statecraft. From an expansion of the federal government to the creation of agile public-private networks for more effective global governance, U.S. empire produced far-reaching innovations.
    Moving well beyond theory, this volume takes the next step, adding a fine-grained, empirical texture to the study of U.S. imperialism by analyzing its specific consequences. Across a broad range of institutions—policing and prisons, education, race relations, public health, law, the military, and environmental management—this formative experience left a lasting institutional imprint. With each essay distilling years, sometimes decades, of scholarship into a concise argument, Colonial Crucible reveals the roots of a legacy evident, most recently, in Washington’s misadventures in the Middle East.

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At the end of the nineteenth century the United States swiftly occupied a string of small islands dotting the Caribbean and Western Pacific, from Puerto Rico and Cuba to Hawaii and the Philippines. Colonial Crucible: Empire in the Making of the Modern American State reveals how this experiment in direct territorial rule subtly but prof...

Alfred W. McCoy is the J. R. W. Smail Professor of History at the University of Wisconsin–Madison and author of A Question of Torture and The Politics of Heroin. Francisco A. Scarano is professor of history at the University of Wisconsin–Madison and author of Puerto Rico: Cinco siglos de historia.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:688 pages, 9 × 6 × 1.6 inPublished:March 27, 2009Publisher:University Of Wisconsin PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0299231046

ISBN - 13:9780299231040

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Table of Contents

Illustrations   
Preface   

Part 1. Exploring Imperial Transitions
On the Tropic of Cancer: Transitions and Transformations in the U.S. Imperial State   
    Alfred W. McCoy, Francisco A. Scarano, and Courtney Johnson
Reading Imperial Transitions: Spanish Contraction, British Expansion, and American Irruption       
    Josep M. Fradera
From Old Empire to New: The Changing Dynamics and Tactics of American Empire   
    Thomas McCormick

Part 2. Police, Prisons, and Law Enforcement
Introduction   
    Alfred W. McCoy
American Penal Forms and Colonial Spanish Custodial-Regulatory Practices in Fin de Siècle Puerto Rico   
    Kelvin Santiago-Valles
Prohibiting Opium in the Philippines and the United States: The Creation of an Interventionist State   
    Anne L. Foster
Policing the Imperial Periphery: Philippine Pacification and the Rise of the U.S. National Security State   
    Alfred W. McCoy
"The Prison That Makes Men Free": The Iwahig Penal Colony and the Simulacra of the American State in the Philippines   
    Michael Salman

Part 3. Education
Introduction   
    Adam Nelson
Negotiating Colonialism: "Race," Class, and Education in Early-Twentieth-Century Puerto Rico
    Solsirée del Moral
Enlightened Tolerance or Cultural Capitulation? Contesting Notions of American Identity   
    Amílcar Antonio Barreto
The Business of Education in the Colonial Philippines, 1909–30   
    Glenn Anthony May
The Imperial Enterprise and Educational Policies in Colonial Puerto Rico   
    Pablo Navarro-Rivera
Understanding the American Empire: Colonialism, Latin Americanism, and Professional Social Science, 1898–1920   
    Courtney Johnson

Part 4. Race and Imperial Identities
Introduction   
    Clare Corbould
Race, Empire, and Transnational History   
    Paul A. Kramer
Censuses in the Transition to Modern Colonialism: Spain and the United States in Puerto Rico   
    Francisco A. Scarano
Race and the Suffrage Controversy in Cuba, 1898–1901   
    Alejandro de la Fuente and Matthew Casey
From Columbus to Ponce de León: Puerto Rican Commemorations between Empires, 1893–1908   
    Christopher Schmidt-Nowara
A Critical-Historical Genealogy of Koko (Blood), 'Aina (Land), Hawaiian Identity, and Western Law and Governance   
    Rona Tamiko Halualani
Buying into Empire: American Consumption at the Turn of the Twentieth Century   
    Kristin Hoganson
Confabulating American Colonial Knowledge of the Philippines: What the Social Life of Jose E. Marco's Forgeries and Ahmed Chalabi Can Tell Us about the Epistemology of Empire   
    Michael Salman

Part 5. Imperial Medicine and Public Health: Bodies as Subjects
Introduction   
    Nancy Tomes
Pacific Crossings: Imperial Logics in United States' Public Health Programs   
    Warwick Anderson
A Fever for Empire: U.S. Disease Eradication in Cuba as Colonial Public Health   
    Mariola Espinosa
Mapping Regional and Imperial Geographies: Tropical Disease in the U.S. South   
    Natalie J. Ring
The Conquest of Molecules: Wild Yams and American Scientists in Mexican Jungles   
    Gabriela Soto Laveaga
Tropical Conquest and the Rise of the Environmental Management State: The Case of U.S. Sanitary Efforts in Panama   
    Paul S. Sutter

Part 6. Polity, Law, and Constitution
Introduction   
    John Ohnesorge
Empire and the Transformation of Citizenship   
    Christina Duffy Burnett
The Afterlife of Empire: Sovereignty and Revolution in the Philippines   
    Vicente L. Rafael
The U.S. Constitution and Philippine Colonialism: An Enduring and Unfortunate Legacy   
    Owen J. Lynch
Spanish Structure, American Theory: The Legal Foundations of a Tropical New Deal in the Philippine Islands, 1898–1935   
    Anna Leah Fidelis T. Castañeda
The Hazards of Jeffersonianism: Challenges of State Building in the United States and Its Empire   
    Paul D. Hutchcroft

Part 7. U.S. Military
Introduction: The Military and the U.S. Imperial State   
    Christopher Capozzola
"Mohammedan Religion Made It Necessary to Fire": Massacres on the American Imperial Frontier from South Dakota to the Southern Philippines   
    Joshua Gedacht
The U.S. Army as an Occupying Force in Muslim Mindanao, 1899–1913   
    Patricio N. Abinales
Minutemen for the World: Empire, Citizenship, and the National Guard, 1903–24   
    Christopher Capozzola
From Winship to Leahy: Crisis, War, and Transition in Puerto Rico
    Jorge Rodríguez Beruff
French and American Imperial Accommodation in the Caribbean during World War II: The Experience of Guyane and the Subaltern Roles of Puerto Ricans   
    Humberto García-Muñiz and Rebeca Campo
Guantánamo and the Case of Kid Chicle: Private Contract Labor and the Development of the U.S. Military   
    Jana K. Lipman
The Impact of the Philippine Wars (1898–1913) on the U.S. Army    0
    Brian McAllister Linn

Part 8. Environmental Management
Introduction: Environmental and Economic Management   
    J. R. McNeill
Conservation and Colonialism: Gifford Pinchot and the Birth of Tropical Forestry in the Philippines   
    Greg Bankoff
Manila's Imperial Makeover: Security, Health, and Symbolism   
    Daniel F. Doeppers
"'The World Was My Garden": Tropical Botany and Cosmopolitanism in American Science, 1898–1935   
    Stuart McCook
Scientific Superman: Father José Algué, Jesuit Meteorology, and the Philippines under American Rule, 1897–1924   
    James Francis Warren

Part 9. The Elusive Character of American Global Power
The Limits of American Empire: Democracy and Militarism in the Twentieth and Twenty-first Centuries   
    Jeremi Suri
Crucibles, Capillaries, and Pentimenti: Reflections on Imperial Transformations   
    Nancy Tomes
Empire in American History   
    Ian Robert Tyrrell

Notes   
Contributors   
Index

Editorial Reviews

“Colonial Crucible should end any discussion as to whether the category ‘empire’ applies to the United States. In this exceptionally coherent set of essays, the editors make good their subtitle, for this is the most exacting account that one could wish about the way in which empire made America and, in particular, the American state. This book, appropriately, is dedicated to William Appleman Williams, whose early challenge to the complacency of American exceptionalist historiography Colonial Crucible honors and extends.”—Marilyn Young, Pacific Historical Review