This unique collection discusses the different forms of resistance to colonialism and their role in the formation of alternative modernity in India. It also provides an engaging account of the development of political and cultural consciousness in the subcontinent. Investigating three areas ofresistance-armed uprising, intellectual dissent, and cultural protest-K.N. Panikkar argues that they were informed by a vision of a condition beyond colonialism in which tradition and modernity selectively, but creatively came together. Based on a variety of sources, in both English and regional languages, this volume would interest scholars and students of modern Indian history, sociology, and anthropology.