Combative Politics: The Media And Public Perceptions Of Lawmaking

Paperback | April 21, 2017

byMary Layton Atkinson

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From the Affordable Care Act to No Child Left Behind, politicians often face a puzzling problem: although most Americans support the aims and key provisions of these policies, they oppose the bills themselves. How can this be? Why does the American public so often reject policies that seem to offer them exactly what they want?
            By the time a bill is pushed through Congress or ultimately defeated, we’ve often been exposed to weeks, months—even years—of media coverage that underscores the unpopular process of policymaking, and Mary Layton Atkinson argues that this leads us to reject the bill itself. Contrary to many Americans’ understandings of the policymaking process, the best answer to a complex problem is rarely self-evident, and politicians must weigh many potential options, each with merits and drawbacks. As the public awaits a resolution, the news media tend to focus not on the substance of the debate but on descriptions of partisan combat. This coverage leads the public to believe everyone in Washington has lost sight of the problem altogether and is merely pursuing policies designed for individual political gain. Politicians in turn exacerbate the problem when they focus their objections to proposed policies on the lawmaking process, claiming, for example, that a bill is being pushed through Congress with maneuvers designed to limit minority party input. These negative portrayals become linked in many people’s minds with the policy itself, leading to backlash against bills that may otherwise be seen as widely beneficial. Atkinson argues that journalists and educators can make changes to help inoculate Americans against the idea that debate always signifies dysfunction in the government. Journalists should strive to better connect information about policy provisions to the problems they are designed to ameliorate. Educators should stress that although debate sometimes serves political interests, it also offers citizens a window onto the lawmaking process that can help them evaluate the work their government is doing.
 

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From the Affordable Care Act to No Child Left Behind, politicians often face a puzzling problem: although most Americans support the aims and key provisions of these policies, they oppose the bills themselves. How can this be? Why does the American public so often reject policies that seem to offer them exactly what they want?         ...

Mary Layton Atkinson is assistant professor of political science at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte.  

other books by Mary Layton Atkinson

Format:PaperbackDimensions:208 pages, 9 × 6 × 0.68 inPublished:April 21, 2017Publisher:University Of Chicago PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:022644192X

ISBN - 13:9780226441924

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“This is a remarkable book— one of the few that jointly considers the lawmaking process, media coverage, and public opinion. The media focuses on the inherently conflictual process of lawmaking and policy debate, leading people to oppose legislation they might otherwise support. Coverage of the process leads to rejection of the outcome. Not only does the book accentuate how a seemingly democratic process generates misunderstandings and opposition but it also provides a framework for studying the interaction of policy, media, and public opinion. It is a must read.”