Commodity Tax Harmonization in the European Community: A General Equilibrium Analysis of Tax Policy Options in the Internal Market by Andreas HauflerCommodity Tax Harmonization in the European Community: A General Equilibrium Analysis of Tax Policy Options in the Internal Market by Andreas Haufler

Commodity Tax Harmonization in the European Community: A General Equilibrium Analysis of Tax Policy…

byAndreas Haufler

Paperback | September 30, 1993

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The book is concerned with the main issues that arise for general commodity taxation in the internal market: the choice of a new international tax principle and the question of tax rate harmonization. The book provides a thorough discussion of these issues and evaluates the choices made by the European Community from a welfare-theoretic perspective by comparing them to feasible alternatives. The discussion integrates a large number of recent theoretical and policy-oriented contributions which have so far not been collected and summarized in a single volume. Special features of the book are that (a) the analysis combines elements of international trade theory and public finance, two economic disciplines which are rarely integrated; (b) a dual general equilibrium framework is used throughout the analysis, (c) a second-best setting is consistently employed, incorporating relevant policy constraints and integrating conflicting arguments in a single analytical framework, (d) part of the theoretical analysis is supplemented by a computable general equilibrium approach. The book shows that well-known international trademodels can be extended to model alternative principles for taxing international trade but also international differences in preferences for public goods and different views of government behavior - issues which are directly relevant for the discussion of tax rateharmonization but are rarely treated in an analytical way.
Title:Commodity Tax Harmonization in the European Community: A General Equilibrium Analysis of Tax Policy…Format:PaperbackDimensions:216 pagesPublished:September 30, 1993Publisher:Physica-Verlag HD

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:3790807141

ISBN - 13:9783790807141


Table of Contents

1 The Policy Setting.- 1.1 Basic Concepts of International Taxation.- 1.2 The Harmonization Process in the EC.- 1.2.1 Value-Added Taxation with Border Controls.- 1.2.2 Value-Added Taxation in the Internal Market.- 1.3 Feasible International Tax Principles.- 2 Theoretical Aspects.- 2.1 Introduction: Domestic Taxes and Foreign Trade.- 2.2 Trade Distortions vs. Domestic Efficiency.- 2.3 Fiscal vs. Political Externalities.- 2.4 Optimal Taxation vs. Tax Reform Analysis.- 2.5 Application to EC Policy Issues.- 3 A Dual General Equilibrium Framework.- 3.1 The Trade Model and its Assumptions.- 3.2 Dual Functions and their Properties.- 3.3 Introducing General Commodity Taxes.- 3.4 General Tax Principles.- 3.4.1 General Destination Principle.- 3.4.2 General Origin Principle.- 4 Restricted Destination Principle.- 4.1 The Two-Country Model.- 4.2 Tax Reform and Terms of Trade Changes.- 4.3 Introducing Changes in the Tax Base.- 4.4 Global Welfare Effects of Tax Reform.- 5 Restricted Origin Principle.- 5.1 The Three-Country Model.- 5.2 Tax Reform in the Small-Union Case.- 5.2.1 The Basic Trade Pattern.- 5.2.2 Alternative Trade Patterns.- 5.3 Tax Reform with Endogenous World Prices.- 5.3.1 Simplifying Assumptions.- 5.3.2 Relative Price Effects.- 5.3.3 National Welfare Effects.- 5.4 Supplement: Trade Deflection.- 5.5 Summary: The Limitations of Theoretical Analysis.- 6 Alternative Tax Principles: A Numerical Comparison.- 6.1 The Empirical Model.- 6.2 The Data Base.- 6.2.1 Deriving the Benchmark Data Set.- 6.2.2 Functional Forms and Elasticity Estimates.- 6.3 Simulation Results for Homogeneous Goods.- 6.3.1 Measuring Welfare Change.- 6.3.2 Welfare Effects of a Switch in the Tax Base.- 6.3.3 Welfare Effects of a Change in Tax Rates.- 6.3.4 Overall Effects of a Change in the Tax Principle.- 6.3.5 Sensitivity Analysis.- 6.4 Extending the Model: Differentiated Goods.- 6.4.1 Changes in the Model and the Data Base.- 6.4.2 Simulation Results for Differentiated Goods.- 6.5 A Second-Best Tax Principle for the EC.- 7 Tax Rate Harmonization.- 7.1 Public Goods in the Dual Framework.- 7.2 Heterogeneous Preferences for Public Goods.- 7.3 Tax Competition and Public Good Supply.- 7.3.1 Tax Reform in One Country.- 7.3.2 Alternative Views of Government Behavior.- 7.3.3 A Brief Survey of Empirical Results.- 7.4 Optimal Tax Rate Harmonization in the EC.- 8 Summary and Outlook.- 8.1 Summary: Evaluating the Policy Choices.- 8.1.1 Results of the Study.- 8.1.2 Welfare Analysis and International Tax Policy.- 8.2 Outlook: International Capital Movements.- Appendix 189.- Appendix A: Derivation of Selected Equations.- Appendix B: MPS/GE Simulation Results.- Appendix C: List of Symbols Used.