Communicating in Geography and the Environmental Sciences: Canadian Edition

Paperback | August 28, 2014

byIain Hay, Philip Giles

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A concise yet comprehensive guide to effective communication in geography and the environmental sciences, this text helps students develop the skills required to produce high quality work. Drawing on Canadian sources and examples, the text examines the forms of communication that students willencounter throughout their academic and professional careers, including essays, lab reports, maps, graphs, and more.

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A concise yet comprehensive guide to effective communication in geography and the environmental sciences, this text helps students develop the skills required to produce high quality work. Drawing on Canadian sources and examples, the text examines the forms of communication that students willencounter throughout their academic and pro...

Philip Giles is an associate professor in the geography department at Saint Mary's University. His research areas include remote sensing, geomorphology, and coastal geography. Giles is the newest co-author on the third Canadian edition of Geosystems (PEC, 2012) with Robert Christopherson and Mary Louise Byrne (WLU).

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:328 pages, 9 × 6 × 0.6 inPublished:August 28, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199007411

ISBN - 13:9780199007417

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Table of Contents

1. Introducing Writing in Geography and the Environmental ScienceKey TopicsWhy Write?Keys to Good Writing- Write for your audience- Avoid plagiarism- Get help with writingHow to Improve the Quality of Your Written Expression- Write fluently and succinctly- Pay attention to paragraph structure- Use correct grammar, punctuation, and spelling- Keep your assignment to a reasonable lengthHow to Improve the Presentation of Your Work- Select a brief and informative title- Make sure your work is legible and well-presented- Use headings to show structure- Format source citations and references properly- Demonstrate a level of individual scholarshipHow to Use Supplementary Materials Correctly- Make effective use of figures and tables- Present the supplementary materials correctlyFurther Reading2. Finding, Evaluating, and Using SourcesKey TopicsWhy Are Sources Important in Scholarly Writing?Differentiating Academic from Non-Academic SourcesFinding Sources with Useful and Relevant Information- Ensure you have enough sources- Types of sourcesEvaluating the Credibility of Sources- Questions to help you evaluate the of credibility of sourcesIncorporating Reference Material into Your Writing- Acknowledge your sources- Paraphrase and quote your source materia- Common knowledge does not need to be citedSteering Clear of Academic Dishonesty, Including PlagiarismPreparing a Research Ethics Application or Environmental Impact StatementFurther Reading3. Writing an EssayKey TopicsQuality of Argument- Ensure that the essay addresses the question fully- Be sure that your essay is developed logically- Write a thesis statement- Create a structure for your essay- Review and revise your essay draftsQuality of evidence- Ensure your essay is well supported by evidence and examplesA Self-Assessment Form for Your EssayFurther Reading4. Writing a Research ReportKey TopicsWhy Write a Research Report?What Are Readers Looking For in a Report?Writing a Research Report- Preliminary material- Introduction- Literature review- Materials and methods- Results- Discussion and conclusion- Recommendations- Reference List- Appendices- Written expression and presentationWriting a Laboratory ReportWriting a Research Proposal- Purpose- CharacteristicsFurther Reading5. Writing an Annotated Bibliography, Summary, or ReviewKey TopicsPreparing an Annotated Bibliography- What is the purpose of an annotated bibliography?- What is the reader looking for in an annotated bibliography?Writing a Summary or Precis- What is the reader of a summary looking for?Writing a Review- Summary: What is this work about?- Analysis: What are the strengths and weaknesses of this work?- Evaluation: What is this work's contribution to the discipline?- Written expression and presentation of the review- Examples of published reviewsFurther Reading6. Referencing and Language MattersKey TopicsWhat Are Citations and References? Why Do We Need Them?Principal Reference Systems: Author-Date and Note Systems- Variants of reference systems: Reference styles- The author-date (Harvard) System- The note systemAvoiding Biased Language and Stereotyping- Sexual bias and stereotyping- Other biases and stereotypingSalient Notes on Punctuation and Spelling- Comma [ , ]- Period [ . ]- Ellipsis points [ ... ]- Semicolon [ ; ]- Colon [ : ]- Quotation marks (double or single) [ " "or ' ' ]- Apostrophe [ ' ]- Uppercase letters- NumeralsFurther Reading7. Making a PosterKey TopicsWhy Make a Poster?How Are Posters Produced?What Are Your Markers Looking For in a Poster?Guidelines for Designing a Poster- Preliminary layout- Organization- Text- Colour- Tables, figures, and photographs- List of sourcesFurther Reading8. Communicating with Graphs and TablesKey TopicsWhy Communicate with Graphs and Tables?General Guidelines for Communicating Clearly with GraphsComputerized versus Manual Production of GraphsDifferent Types of Graphs- Scatter plots- Line graphs- Bar graphs- Histograms- Population pyramids or age-sex pyramids- Pie graphs- Graphs with logarithmic axesTables- Elements of a table- Designing a tableFurther Reading9. Communicating with MapsWhat Is the Purpose of a Map?What Are the Different Types of Maps?- Dot maps- Proportional dot maps- Choropleth maps- Isoline maps- Other thematic maps- Topographic maps- Orthophoto mapsHow Is Map Scale Related to Detail?- Cartographic scale- How to display the scale of map- Scale and map generalizationWhat are the Characteristics of a Good Map?- Standard map elements- Map design elementsFurther Reading10. Preparing and Delivering an Oral PresentationKey TopicsWhy Is Public Speaking Important?How to Prepare for an Oral Presentation- Establish the context and goals- Organize the material for presentation- Structure your presentation- Prepare your text and aids to delivery- Rehearse- Final points of preparationHow to Deliver a Successful Oral PresentationHow to Cope with Questions from the AudienceFurther Reading11. Writing for the Media and Public AudiencesKey TopicsCommunicating with Public Audiences through the Media- Types of mediaUsing Media Releases to Disseminate Information- How to write a media release- How to format a media release- How to enhance a media release for the digital environment- How to follow up on a media releaseDisseminating Information by Self-Publishing on the Internet- Opportunity comes with responsibility- Is self-publishing effective?- Content and presentationConclusionFurther Reading12. Succeeding in ExaminationsKey TopicsPurposes of ExaminationsTypes of Examinations- How to Prepare for an Examination- Ongoing preparatory activities during the term- Activities for successful exam preparation during review period- Preparations on the day of the examinationTechniques for Success in Examinations- Steps to take before answering your first question- Advice for questions requiring written answers- Advice for multiple-choice examinations- Advice for oral examinations- Advice for open-book examinations- Advice for take-home examinations- Advice for online examinationsFurther ReadingAppendix: Sample Paper for a Short Written AssignmentGlossaryReferencesCreditsIndex

Editorial Reviews

"The focus on new technological approaches (such as blogs, GIS, etc.) allows students to advance their skills and geographical knowledge and transfer them to the workplace." --Giselle Valarezo, Queen's University