Community Policing in a Community Era: An Introduction and Exploration

Hardcover | September 15, 2000

byQuint Thurman, Jihong Zhao, Andrew Giacomazzi

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In the most understandable and comprehensive text to date on the subject of community policing, the authors trace the historical development of American policing through the community era of present day. They introduce readers to the concept of community in modern society and explore changesin the function and legitimacy of police organizations. The text offers numerous highlighted commentaries in every chapter from police officers, deputy sheriffs, chiefs, and other practitioners as well as noted police scholars. These real-world examples illustrate themes and issues to students.Community Policing in a Community Era emphasizes agency leadership, problem-solving, community engagement, coactive policing, organizational change, and strategic planning. Key topics include: * A history of American policing * Policing at a time of change * Why police organizations change * Community policing in action * The role of leaders and managers * Community engagement * Selecting and training employees for community policing * Implementing community policing * Evaluating community policing * The future of community policing

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From the Publisher

In the most understandable and comprehensive text to date on the subject of community policing, the authors trace the historical development of American policing through the community era of present day. They introduce readers to the concept of community in modern society and explore changesin the function and legitimacy of police orga...

Quint Thurman is at Wichita State University. Jihong Zhao is at the University of Nebraska at Omaha. Andrew Giacomazzi is at Boise State University.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:322 pages, 7.2 × 10.12 × 0.91 inPublished:September 15, 2000Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195329929

ISBN - 13:9780195329926

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Extra Content

Table of Contents

Forward by Anthony V. Bouza1. An Introduction to the Idea of Community PolicingSetting the StageAmerica Is Organized for CrimeCommunity Policing: A Sensical Response to Social ProblemsDefining Community Policing According to Four PerspectiveLimitations in Defining Community PolicingcingCriticisms of Community PolicingOrganization of This Book2. A History of American PolicingThe Concept of Policing in AmericaThe Difficulty of Policing in a DemocracyThe British Origins of PolicingModern Policing in EnglandPolice Corruption During the Political EraReform and Police ProfessionalismThe Effects of the Police Professionalization MovementUrban Racial Violence3. The Communityrom Team Policing to Community PolicingingThe Difficulty of Defining CommunitySocial Evolution and the Need for CommunityCommunitarianism as a Response to Individualism and the Problem of CarelessCommunity Defined From a Communitarian PerspectiveCommunitarianism as a Social Movementommunity SettingGreat Expectations4. Policing at a Time of ChangeSetting the Stage for ChangeThe Concept of Organizational ChangeLevels of Organizational ChangeUnderstanding Organizational Change as a ProcessFour Models of ChangeThree Eras of Change in the History of American PolicingSeven IndicatorsThe Political EraThe Professional EraThe Community EraCharacteristics of Organizational Change5. Why Police Organizations ChangeThe Role of TheoryThe Contingency SchoolTypology of Organizations: Organic VersusMechanic OrganizationsPrimary Factors Identified in the External EnvironmentContingency Theories and Community Policing: Why Change?The Nature of Demand from the External EnvironmentCommunity Policing as a Police Response to the Demands of the ExternalEnvironment:Examples of ResponsesConclusion6. Community Policing in ActionIs Community Policing Real?Acceptance and Support of Community Policing Philosophy Among Law EnforcementCommunity Policing Buy-InStructural and Managerial ChangeCommunity Policing OutcomesExecutives' Attitudes Toward Community PolicingCommunity Policing Implementation: Actual ProgramsExternally Focused ChangeInternally Focused ChangeThe Role of the Federal Government in Promoting Community PolicingSuccessful Cases of Community Policing ProgramsConclusion7. Organizational Environment and the Implementation of Community Policing AmongLeaders and ManagementResearch on the Organizational Environment of the PoliceThe Role of the ChiefThe Role of Middle ManagementOrganizational StructureSelling the Community Policing Model to the TroopsOrganizational Culture as a Determinant of ChangeConclusion8. Selecting and Training Employees to Do Community PolicingHiring for Success: What Kind of Officer Do We Really Want Anyway?Explaining the Law Enforcement Perspective Among Uniformed PersonnelTraditional Hiring PracticesRecruitmentAssessmentTraining for SuccessField TrainingIn-Service TrainingConcluding Remarks9. Motivational Strategies and Management Styles for Community PolicingViewing Citizens as CustomersMotivational Theories for Understanding Police PersonnelMaslow's Hierarchy of Needs TheoryHerzberg's Motivation and Hygiene FactorsMcClelland's Achievement-Power TheoryAdam's Equity TheoryVroom's Expectancy TheoryHow Employees Are Viewed: McGregor's Theory X and Theory YOuchi's Theory Zng to IncreasedOrganizational Cultureicing: FactorsThe Nature of the Employee's JobParticipatory Management StylesTotal Quality ManagementSituational Leadership TheoryConclusion10. Implementation: Doing Community Policing on PurposeIngredients for Successful Community Policing ImplementationThe Strategic PlanBarriers to Strategic PlanningCommunity AssessmentProblem SolvingCommunity EngagementConclusion11. Evaluating Community Policing EffectivenessWhy Evaluation?The Nature of Evaluations: Outputs, Outcomes, and ImpactsTypes of EvaluationsIntuitive Versus Scientific EvaluationPassive Versus ActiveNarrow Versus Broad EvaluationsSummative Versus Formative EvaluationsInsiders Versus OutsidersRedefining Success: The Emergence of Community Policing Outcome MeasuresNew Outcome Measures for Community Policing: PERF's Perspectives RevisitedCommon Outcomes in the Community Policing LiteratureCommon Methods of Data Collection to Determine Community Policing EffectivenessDirect ObservationFocus Group InterviewsSurvey ResearchOfficial RecordsSocial and Physical Disorder InventoryWas the PAR Program a Success?Evaluation: The El Paso Pol12. Predicting Long-Term Community Policing SuccessThe Success of Community Policing in Four CitiesInternal Changes Necessary for the Long-Term Success of Community PolicingThe Community Role in Community PolicingCommunity Policing Among America's PoorSuccessful Community Efforts to Improve Quality of LifeExternal ObstaclesConclusion13. The Future of Community PolicingWhere Are We Now?Where Are We Going? The Future of PolicingPositive Forces to the Institutionalization of Community PolicingThe Negative Forces of ChangeThe Uncertain Forces of Institutionalization of Community PolicingThe Future Direction of Community Policing: Somewhere in the Middle of the TwoModels