Comparative Decision-Making Analysis

Hardcover | March 13, 2013

EditorThomas R. Zentall, Philip H. Crowley

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Decision making cuts across most areas of intellectual enquiry and academic endeavor. The classical view of individual human thinkers choosing among options remains important and instructive, but the contributors to this volume broaden this perspective to characterize the decision makingbehavior of groups, non-human organisms and even non-living objects and mathematical constructs. A diverse array of methods is brought to bear-mathematical, computational, subjective, neurobiological, evolutionary, and cultural. We can often identify best or optimal decisions and decision makingprocesses, but observed responses may deviate markedly from these, to a large extent because the environment in which decisions must be made is constantly changing. Moreover, decision making can be highly constrained by institutions, natural and social context, and capabilities. Studies of the mechanisms underlying decisions by humans and other organisms are just beginning to gain traction and shape our thinking. Though decision making has fundamental similarities across the diverse array of entities considered to be making them, there are large differences of degree (ifnot kind) that relate to the question of human uniqueness. From this survey of views and approaches, we converge on a tentative agenda for accelerating development of a new field that includes advancing the dialog between the sciences and the humanities, developing a defensible classification schemefor decision making and decision makers, addressing the role of morality and justice, and moving advances into applications - the rapidly developing field of decision support.

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Decision making cuts across most areas of intellectual enquiry and academic endeavor. The classical view of individual human thinkers choosing among options remains important and instructive, but the contributors to this volume broaden this perspective to characterize the decision makingbehavior of groups, non-human organisms and even ...

Thomas R. Zentall is Professor of Psychology at the University of Kentucky. Philip H. Crowley is Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. Thomas Zentall is a comparative cognitive psychologist who studies the similarities and differences between the behavior of humans and other animals; both the cognitive behavior of other animal...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:496 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.98 inPublished:March 13, 2013Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019985680X

ISBN - 13:9780199856800

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Table of Contents

1. Philip H. Crowley and Thomas R. Zentall: Introduction2. Evelyn Korn and Johannes Ziesecke: Economic decisions and institutional boundariesErwin Amann: Commentary 2.1. Advocating for Homo economicusJack Schieffer: Commentary 2.2. The Neoclassical Economics Model: Extensions and Limits3. Bertram C. Bruce: Why Making a Decision Involves More Than Decision-Making: Past, Present, and Future in Human ActionTravis Whetsell and Patricia M. Shields: Commentary 3.1. Punctuation, Continuity, and Historicity: Traversing the In-BetweenEvelyn Korn: Commentary 3.2. Why we will never know if human decision making is uniqueChris Higgins: Commentary 3.3. Forks in the Road from Decision to Action4. Stephanie C. Kane: Environmental Decision Making in the Argentine DeltaCommentary 4.1. Environmental Decision-Making, Social Reality, and Port Cities as "Hot Spots"Bertram C. Bruce: Commentary 4.2. The Crevices of Unreason in Human Decision Making5. James D. Morrow: The Social Nature of Human Decision MakingCraig Boutilier: Commentary 5.1. The Social Nature of Human Decision Making: A Computational PerspectiveBarry O'Neill: Commentary 5.2. When Should We Expect a Nash Equilibrium?6. Ifat Levy: Ambiguous decisions in the human brainMing Hsu and Lusha Zhu: Commentary 6.1 Ambiguous Decisions in the Human BrainThomas R. Zentall: Commentary 6.2 What Animals Can Tell Us About Human Choice Under Risk7. Mark Dean: What Can Neuroeconomics Tell Us About Economics (and Vice Versa)?Isabelle Brocas and Juan D. Carrillo: Commentary 7.1. Disciplining behavioral theories through brain-based models of decision-makingAndrew Sih, Andrew Bibian, Nick DiRienzo, XiuXiang Meng, Pierre-Oliver Montiglio and Kevin Ringelman: Commentary 7.2 On the benefits of studying mechanisms underlying behavior8. Edmund Fantino and Stephanie Stolarz-Fantino: Behavioral Approaches to Decision MakingK. Geoffrey White: Commentary 8.1 Can Choice Be Suboptimal?Thomas Zentall: Commentary 8.2 How Studying Animals Can Clarify the Basis of Human Decision Making9. Andrew Sih: A behavioral ecology view of decision making: something old, something borrowed, something newJack Schieffer: 9.1 Crossovers in Ecological and Economic Models of DecisionsDavid F. Westneat: 9.2 The Scientific Perspective and the Potential Emergence of a General Theory of Decision Making10. Hugo Mercier: Using evolutionary thinking to cut across disciplines: the example of the argumentative theory of reasoningDavid Moshman: Commentary 10.1 Evolution and DevelopmentPhilip H. Crowley: Commentary 10.2 The Effectiveness of Classical Reasoning and the Provenance of Reasoning by ArgumentationAlain Trognon and Martine Batt: Commentary 10.3 A new link in the Unification of the Sciences of CognitionDavid S. Chester, Richard S. Pond, Jr., and C. Nathan DeWall: Commentary 10.4: The Evolution of Argument: A Commentary on Mercier11. Bruce Schneier and Deric Miller: Poor Decisions About SecurityHelen Pushkarskaya and Ifat Levy: Commentary 11.1: Poor Decisions about SecurityDenis Hilton and Caroline Attia: Commentary 11.2: Human irrationality as a contributor financial and economic insecurity: Implications for policy-makers12. Sarah A. Crowley and Peter J. Neufeld: Increasing the Accuracy of Criminal Justice Decision-MakingBrandon L. Garrett: Commentary 12.1. Roots of Wrongful ConvictionsRebecca E. Bucht: Commentary 12.2. Driving forces for change13. Peter A. F. Fraser-Mackenzie, Rebecca E. Bucht, and Itiel E. Dror: Forensic Judgment and Decision-MakingSarah Crowley: Commentary 13.1 The Awkward Marriage of Criminal Justice and ScienceThomas R. Zentall: Commentary 13.2 In the Eye of the Beholder14. Craig Boutilier: Computational Decision Support: Regret-based Models for Optimization and Preference ElicitationJerome Lang: Commentary 14.1. Group Decision Making on Combinatorial DomainsJudy Goldsmith: Commentary 14.2. Putting Preferences into Computational ContextVincent Conitzer and Lirong Xia: Commentary 14.3. Bottlenecks and Regret15. Jerry R. Skees and Grant Cavanaugh: Improving public policy decisions in creating institutions and markets to transfer natural disaster risk in developing countriesHelen Pushkarskya: Commentary 15.1 Decision Making About Real Needs of Actual PeopleJack Schieffer: Commentary 15.2 Designing Mechanisms to Overcome Market and Behavioral Failures16. Philip H. Crowley and Thomas R. Zentall: What the comparative approach to decision making has to offer