Competing Motivations in Grammar and Usage

Hardcover | November 5, 2014

EditorBrian Macwhinney, Andrej Malchukov, Edith Moravcsik

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This volume examines the conflicting factors that shape the content and form of grammatical rules in language usage. Speakers and addressees need to contend with these rules when expressing themselves and when trying to comprehend messages. For example, there are on-going competitions betweenthe speaker's interests and the addressee's needs, or between constraints imposed by grammar and those imposed by online processing. These competitions influence a wide variety of systems, including case marking, agreement and word order, politeness forms, lexical choices, and the position ofrelative clauses.Chapters in the book analyse grammar and usage in adult language as well as first and second language acquisition, and the motivations that drive historical change. Several of the chapters seek explanations for the competitions involved, based on earlier accounts including the Competition Model,Natural Morphology, the functional-typological tradition, and Optimality Theory. The book will be of interest to linguists from a wide variety of backgrounds, particularly those interested in psycholinguistics, historical linguistics, philosophy of language, and language acquisition, from advancedundergraduate level upwards.

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This volume examines the conflicting factors that shape the content and form of grammatical rules in language usage. Speakers and addressees need to contend with these rules when expressing themselves and when trying to comprehend messages. For example, there are on-going competitions betweenthe speaker's interests and the addressee's ...

Brian MacWhinney is Professor of Psychology, Computational Linguistics, and Modern Languages at Carnegie Mellon University. He has developed a model of first and second language acquisition, processing, and disorders called the Competition Model, which describes how language learning emerges from forces operating on lexically-based pa...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:568 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.01 inPublished:November 5, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198709846

ISBN - 13:9780198709848

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Table of Contents

1. Edith Moravscik: IntroductionPART I: Competition in syntax: Grammatical relations and word order2. Andrej Malchukov: Resolving alignment conflicts: A competing motivations approach3. Monique J. A. Lamers and Helen de Hoop: Animate object fronting in Dutch: A production study4. John A. Hawkins: Patterns in competing motivations and the interaction of principles5. Elaine J. Francis and Laura A. Michaelis: Why move? How weight and discourse factors combine to predict relative clause extraposition in English6. Jan Strunk: A statistical model of competing motivations affecting relative clause extraposition in German7. Ina Bornkessel-Schlesewsky and Matthias Schlesewsky: Competition in argument interpretation: Evidence from the neurobiology of language8. Caroline F. Rowland, Claire Noble, and Angel Chan: Competition all the way down: How children learn word order cues to sentence structure9. Mary E. Hughes and Shanley E. M. Allen: Competing constraints in children's omission of subjects? The interaction of verb finiteness and referent accessibility10. Grzegorz Krajewski and Elena Lieven: Competing cues in early syntactic developmentPART II: Competition in morphosyntax and the lexicon11. Wolfgang U. Dressler, Gary Libben, and Katharina Korecky-Kroll: Conflicting vs. converging vs. interdependent motivations in morphology12. Martin Haspelmath: On system pressure competing with economic motivation13. Britta Mondorf: Apparently competing motivations in morphosyntactic variation14. Martin Pfeiffer: Formal vs. functional motivations for the structure of self-repair in German15. John Haiman: Six competing motives for repetitionPART III: General issues and the extension of the approach16. John W. Du Bois: Motivating competitions17. Sonia Cristofaro: Competing motivation models and diachrony: What evidence for what motivation?18. Frederick J. Newmeyer: Where do motivations compete?19. Johannes Helmbrecht: Politeness distinctions in personal pronouns: A case study of competing motivations20. Mira Ariel: Or-constructions: Monosemy vs. polysemy21. Gunther Kaltenbock and Bernd Heine: Sentence grammar vs. thetical grammar: Two competing domains22. Brian MacWhinney: Conclusions: Competition across time