Competing Motives in the Partisan Mind: How Loyalty and Responsiveness Shape Party Identification…

Paperback | August 15, 2015

byEric W. Groenendyk

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Party identification may be the single most powerful predictor of voting behavior, yet scholars continue to disagree on whether this is good or bad for democracy. Some argue that party identification functions as a highly efficient information shortcut, guiding voters to candidates thatrepresent their interests. Others argue that party identification biases voters' perceptions, thereby undermining accountability. Competing Motives in the Partisan Mind provides a framework for understanding the conditions under which each of the characterizations is most apt. The answer hinges onwhether a person has sufficient motivation and ability to defend her party identity or whether norms of good citizenship motivate her to adjust her party identity to reflect her disagreements.A series of surveys and experiments provide a window into the partisan mind during times of conflict between party identity and political attitudes. These studies show that individuals devote cognitive resources to defending their party identities against dissonant thoughts, often resorting toelaborate justifications. However, when cognitive resources are insufficient, these defenses break down and partisans are forced to adjust their identities to reflect disagreements. In addition, thoughts of civic duty can stimulate responsiveness motivation to the point that it overwhelms partisanmotivation, leading individuals to adjust their identities to reflect their disagreements.In demonstrating the influence of competing motives, this book reconciles the two dominant theories of party identification. Rather than characterizing party identification as either a highly stable affective attachment or a running tally of political evaluations, it suggests that the nature ofparty identification hinges on the interplay between the motivations that underlie it. Perhaps even more importantly, this book shifts the discussion away from partisan change versus stability to the normative implications of party identification. While the polarization of American politics may beexacerbating partisan biases, there is plenty of reason for hope. By simply making citizens' widespread feelings of civic duty salient to them, these biases may be overcome.

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Party identification may be the single most powerful predictor of voting behavior, yet scholars continue to disagree on whether this is good or bad for democracy. Some argue that party identification functions as a highly efficient information shortcut, guiding voters to candidates thatrepresent their interests. Others argue that party...

Eric Groenendyk is Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Memphis. He received his Ph.D. in political science from the University of Michigan in 2009. His research investigates the motivations and emotions underlying public opinion and political behavior. His work has appeared in Journal of Politics, Political Be...
Format:PaperbackDimensions:224 pages, 9.02 × 6.1 × 0.51 inPublished:August 15, 2015Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0190264306

ISBN - 13:9780190264307

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Table of Contents

Introduction1. A Dual Motivations Theory2. Identity Justification: Identifying with the "Lesser of Two Evils"3. Identity Justification: Issue Reprioritization4. Cognitive Resources and Resistance to Identity Change5. Motivation and Measurement Error6. The Paradox of Partisan Responsiveness7. Motivation and DemocracyReferences