Competition in the Promised Land: Black Migrants in Northern Cities and Labor Markets by Leah Platt BoustanCompetition in the Promised Land: Black Migrants in Northern Cities and Labor Markets by Leah Platt Boustan

Competition in the Promised Land: Black Migrants in Northern Cities and Labor Markets

byLeah Platt Boustan

Hardcover | November 8, 2016

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From 1940 to 1970, nearly four million black migrants left the American rural South to settle in the industrial cities of the North and West. Competition in the Promised Land provides a comprehensive account of the long-lasting effects of the influx of black workers on labor markets and urban space in receiving areas.

Traditionally, the Great Black Migration has been lauded as a path to general black economic progress. Leah Boustan challenges this view, arguing instead that the migration produced winners and losers within the black community. Boustan shows that migrants themselves gained tremendously, more than doubling their earnings by moving North. But these new arrivals competed with existing black workers, limiting black-white wage convergence in Northern labor markets and slowing black economic growth. Furthermore, many white households responded to the black migration by relocating to the suburbs. White flight was motivated not only by neighborhood racial change but also by the desire on the part of white residents to avoid participating in the local public services and fiscal obligations of increasingly diverse cities.

Employing historical census data and state-of-the-art econometric methods, Competition in the Promised Land revises our understanding of the Great Black Migration and its role in the transformation of American society.

Leah Platt Boustan is professor of economics at the University of California, Los Angeles, and a research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research.
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Title:Competition in the Promised Land: Black Migrants in Northern Cities and Labor MarketsFormat:HardcoverDimensions:216 pagesPublished:November 8, 2016Publisher:Princeton University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0691150877

ISBN - 13:9780691150871

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsxiii

Introduction 1

1 Black Migration from the South in Historical Context 14

2 Who Left the South and How Did They Fare? 39

3 Competition in Northern Labor Markets 65

4 Black Migration, White Flight 93

5 Motivations for White Flight: The Role of Fiscal/Political Interactions 122

Epilogue: Black Migration, Northern Cities, and Labor Markets after 1970 154

References165

Index187

Editorial Reviews

"The first book-length economic historical treatment of the Great Migration, Competition in the Promised Land offers new findings in a number of areas. Although migration offered a substantial positive return to black Southerners, there were losers as well as gainers. Relying on sound scholarship, Boustan backs her findings with a more rigorous quantitative approach than that of previous studies."-Gavin Wright, Stanford University