Confabulation: views from neuroscience, psychiatry, psychology and philosophy by William Hirstein

Confabulation: views from neuroscience, psychiatry, psychology and philosophy

EditorWilliam Hirstein

Paperback | August 22, 2009

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When people confabulate, they make an ill-grounded claim that they honestly believe is true. There have been countless fascinating examples of confabulatory behaviour - people falsely recalling events from their childhood, the subject who was partially blind but insisted he could see, theamputee convinced that he retained all his limbs, to the patient who believed that his own parents had been replaced by imposters. Though confabulations can result from neurological damage, they can also appear in perfectly healthy people. Yet, how can confabulators so often appear to be of soundmind, yet not see their own errors? This book brings together some of the most advanced thinking on confabulation in neuroscience, psychiatry, psychology, and philosophy, in an attempt to understand this phenomenon; what are the clinical symptoms of each type of confabulation? Which brain functions are damaged in clinicalconfabulators? What are the neuropsychological characteristics of each type? What causes confabulation in healthy individuals? One reason why the study of confabulation is important is that there is wide agreement that the malfunctions that produce confabulation are malfunctions in significant,high-level cognitive processes. With contributions from a range of leading psychologists, psychiatrists, neuroscientists, and philosophers, the book develops an interdisciplinary dialogue that promises to increase our understanding of confabulatory neurological patients, and perhaps help us better understand memory, consciousness,and human nature itself.

About The Author

William Hirstein is Professor and Chair of the Philosophy Department at Elmhurst College, in Elmhurst, Illinois, USA. He received his PhD from the University of California, Davis, in 1994. His graduate and postdoctoral studies were conducted under the supervision of John Searle, V. S. Ramachandran, and Patricia Churchland. He is the a...
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Details & Specs

Title:Confabulation: views from neuroscience, psychiatry, psychology and philosophyFormat:PaperbackDimensions:288 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0 inPublished:August 22, 2009Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199208913

ISBN - 13:9780199208913

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Table of Contents

1. William Hirstein: Introduction: what is confabulation?2. John DeLuca: Confabulation in anterior communicating artery syndrome3. Maryanne Garry, Lauren French and Elizabeth Loftus: False memories: a kind of confabulation in non-clinical subjects4. Quin M Chrobak and Maria S Zaragoza: The cognitive consequences of forces confabulation: evidence from studies of eyewitness suggestibility5. Todd Feinberg: Confabulation and ego functions; the 'ego dysequilibrium theory'6. William Hirstein and V S Ramachandran: 'That's not my arm, Doctor': accounting for misidentifications with a two-phase theory7. Alfred Mele: Delusional confabulations and self-deception8. Elvira Lorente, Peter McKenna and German Berrios: Confabulation as a psychiatric symptom9. Max Coltheart and Martha Turner: Confabulation and delusion10. Kenneth Heilman: Anosognosia for hemiplegia: a confabulatory state11. Thalia Wheatley: Everyday confabulation12. Gianfranco Dalla Barba: Temporal consciousness and confabulation: escape from unconscious explanatory idols13. Aikaterini Fotopoulou: Distentangling the motivational theories of confabulation