Consequences of Contact: Language Ideologies and Sociocultural Transformations in Pacific Societies

Paperback | September 15, 2007

EditorMiki Makihara, Bambi B. Schieffelin

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The Pacific is historically an area of enormous linguistic diversity, where talk figures as a central component of social life. Pacific communities also represent diverse contact zones, where between indigenous and introduced institutions and ideas; between local actors and outsiders; andinvolving different lingua franca, colonial, and local language varieties. Contact between colonial and post-colonial governments, religious institutions, and indigenous communities has spurred profound social change, irrevocably transforming linguistic ideologies and practices. Drawing on ethnographic and linguistic analyses, this edited volume examines situations of intertwined linguistic and cultural change unfolding in specific Pacific locations in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. Its overarching concern is with the multiple ways that processes ofhistorical change have shaped and been shaped by linguistic ideologiesreflexive sensibilities about languages and language useheld by Pacific peoples and other agents of change. The essays demonstrate that language and linguistic practices are linked to changing consciousness of self and communitythrough notions of agency, morality, affect, authority, and authenticity. In times of cultural contact, communities often experience language change at an accelerated rate. This is particularly so in small-scale communities where innovations and continuity routinely depend on the imagination, creativity, and charisma of fewer individuals. The essays in this volumeprovide evidence of this potential and a record of their voices, as they document new types of local actors, e.g., pastors, Bible translators, teachers, political activists, spirit mediums, and tour guides, some of whom introduce, innovate, legitimate, or resist new ideas and ways to express themthrough language. Drawing on and transforming metalinguistic concepts, local actors (re)shape language, reproducing and changing the communicative economy. In the process, they cultivate new cultural conceptions of language, for example, as a medium for communicating religious knowledge andpolitical authority, and for constructing social boundaries and transforming relationships of domination.

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The Pacific is historically an area of enormous linguistic diversity, where talk figures as a central component of social life. Pacific communities also represent diverse contact zones, where between indigenous and introduced institutions and ideas; between local actors and outsiders; andinvolving different lingua franca, colonial, and...

Miki Makihara is Assistant Professor of Anthropology, Queens University Bambi B. Schieffelin is Professor of Anthropology, New York University

other books by Miki Makihara

Format:PaperbackDimensions:272 pages, 6.1 × 9.09 × 0.79 inPublished:September 15, 2007Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195324986

ISBN - 13:9780195324983

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Table of Contents

1. Miki Makihara and Bambi B. Shieffelin: Cultural Processes and Linguistic Meditations: Pacific Explorations2. Christine Jourdan: Linguistic Paths to Urban Self in Post-Colonial Solomon Islands3. Miki Makihara: Linguistic Purism in Rapa Nui Political Discourse4. Kathleen C. Riley: To Tangle or Not to Tangle: Shifting Language Ideologies and the Socialization of Charabia in the Marquesas, French Polynesia5. Rupert Stasch: Demon Language: The Otherness of Indonesian in a Papuan Community6. Joel Robbins: You Can't Talk Behind the Holy Spirit's Back: Christianity and Changing Language Ideologies in a Papua New Guinea Society7. Bambi B. Shieffelin: Found in Translating: Reflexive Language Across Time and Texts in Bosavi, Papua New Guinea8. Courtney Handman: Speaking to the Soul: On Native Language and Authenticity in Papua New Guinea Bible Translation9. Susan U. Phillips: Changing Scholarly Representations of Tongan Honorific Lexicon10. J. Joseph Errington: Postscript: Making Contact Between Consequences

Editorial Reviews

"Consequences of Contact contains great insight, and the depth of detail it is able to achieve by focusing exclusively on Pacific Societies makes it an important collection. Makihara and Schieffelin have compiled a volume indispensable for anyone seeking a deep and comprehensive understandingof modern Pacific language change." --Linguist List