Constitutional Studies, State and Federal by James SchoulerConstitutional Studies, State and Federal by James Schouler

Constitutional Studies, State and Federal

byJames Schouler

Paperback | January 31, 2012

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1897. Excerpt: ... IV. EARLY STATE CONSTITUTIONS. 1776-1789. Let Us now consider the main structure of repub lican government comprised in those separate State instruments which preceded in date our Federal constitution. First and foremost in the design is seen that fundamental threefold division of legislature, executive, and judiciary, as departments which Montesquieu first of the modern sages announced should j be kept distinct and separated.1 This Montesquieu theorem appears and reappears in our American State constitutions, onward from the Revolutionary period: sometimes concisely stated as in Virginia's Bill of Rights,2 and again couched in the stately and resonant expression of the Massachusetts constitution.3 But most political dogmas are of imperfect application; 1 "The celebrated Montesquieu is the oracle always consulted and cited on this subject." Federalist, No. 47. Yet Aristotle in his "Politics," centuries earlier, distinctly defined the three appropriate departments of a Republic as the deliberative, executive, and judicial,--a description imperfect only because legislation in a representative instead of collective assembly (which is a modern contrivance) had not then been invented. 2 Virginia Declaration, 1776 (No. 5); somewhat amplified, however, in the Virginia constitution. 8 "The legislative department shall never exercise the executive and judicial powers, or either of them; the executive shall never exercise the legislative and judicial powers, or either of them; the judicial shall never exercise the legislative and executive powers, or either of them; to the end it may be a government of laws and not of men." Massachusetts Declaration of 1780 (No. 30). and the practice of American government has constantly been to so far connect and blend these separ...
Title:Constitutional Studies, State and FederalFormat:PaperbackDimensions:98 pages, 9.69 × 7.44 × 0.2 inPublished:January 31, 2012Publisher:General Books LLCLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0217698948

ISBN - 13:9780217698948