Contemporary Bioethics: A Reader with Cases

Paperback | November 20, 2009

byJessica Pierce, George Randels

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Incorporating introductions, readings, and cases that span the breadth of the discipline, Contemporary Bioethics: A Reader with Cases captures the spirit of bioethics as a rich, exciting, and continually evolving field. It covers all the essential topics - including abortion, reproductiveethics, end-of-life care, research ethics, and allocation of resources - and also extends into cutting-edge areas like environmental sustainability, terrorism, neuroethics, immigration, genetic manipulations, and links between first- and third-world health. The book opens with a substantialintroduction that explores key differences between secular and religious modes of argumentation. Each of the following chapters contains an in-depth introduction, a selection of concise readings, discussion questions, and a collection of 7-10 case studies.

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Incorporating introductions, readings, and cases that span the breadth of the discipline, Contemporary Bioethics: A Reader with Cases captures the spirit of bioethics as a rich, exciting, and continually evolving field. It covers all the essential topics - including abortion, reproductiveethics, end-of-life care, research ethics, and a...

Jessica Pierce is Lecturer in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Colorado in Boulder. George Randels is Chair and Associate Professor of Religious Studies at the University of the Pacific.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:656 pages, 9.25 × 7.5 × 0.68 inPublished:November 20, 2009Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195313828

ISBN - 13:9780195313826

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Table of Contents

Chapters 2-8 open with an Introduction1. Bioethics: An Introduction to the DisciplineWhat is Bioethics?Bioethics: Theory and MethodReligion and BioethicsBioethics Comes of Age: An Expanding Moral Framework and VocabularyReferences and Further Reading2. Doctors and PatientsThe Profession of MedicineHoward Markel: "I Swear by Apollo--On Taking the Hippocratic Oath"Louis Lasagna: "Hippocratic Oath, Modern Version"American Medical Association: "Principles of Medical Ethics"Matthew K. Wynia, Stephen R. Latham, Audiey C. Kao, Jessica W. Berg, Linda L. Emanuel: "Medical Professionalism in Society"The Obligations of Doctors to Their PatientsAmerican Medical Association: "Fundamental Elements of the Patient-Physician Relationship"Tom L. Beauchamp and James F. Childress: "Respect for Autonomy"Tom L. Beauchamp and James F. Childress: "The Meaning and Justification of Informed Consent"Tom L. Beauchamp and James F. Childress: "Standards for Surrogate Decision Making"American Medical Association: "Patient Confidentiality"Kenneth Kipnis: "A Defense of Unqualified Medical Confidentiality"Ruiping Fan and Benfu Li: "Truth Telling in Medicine: The Confucian View"Responsibilities of PatientsAmerican Medical Association: "Patient Responsibilities"Leonard C. Groopman, Franklin G. Miller, and Joseph J. Fins: "The Patient's Work"Maureen Kelley: "Limits on Patient Responsibility"Doctors and SocietyFranklin G. Miller, Howard Brody, and Kevin C. Chung: "Cosmetic Surgery and the Internal Morality of Medicine"M. Gregg Bloche and Jonathan H. Marks: "When Doctors Go to War"CasesThe White CoatCan a Killer Be a Doctor?Vaccine Skeptics Refuse to Inoculate ChildrenShould Medical Students Believe in Evolution? The Case of Professor DiniPillow AngelCollege Student Requests Modafinil3. At the End of LifeDefining DeathJames L. Bernat: "The Whole-Brain Concept of Death Remains Optimum Public Policy"Robert M. Veatch: "The Conscience Clause: How Much Individual Choice in Defining Death Can Our Society Tolerate?"How Much Treatment?Leon R. Kass: "The Case for Mortality"Eric Gampel: "Does Professional Autonomy Protect Medical Futility Judgments?"Rejecting TreatmentJukka Varelius: "Autonomy, Wellbeing, and the Case of the Refusing Patient"John D. Arras: "The Severely Demented, Minimally Functional Patient: An Ethical Analysis"John A. Robertson: "Extreme Prematurity and Parental Rights After Baby Doe"John J. Paris, Neil Graham, Michael D. Schreiber, and Michele Goodwin: "Has the Emphasis on Autonomy Gone Too Far? Insights from Dostoevsky on Parental Decisionmaking in the NICU"David Casarett, Jennifer Kapo, and Arthur Caplan: "Appropriate Use of Artificial Nutrition and Hydration--Fundamental Principles and Recommendations"Thomas A. Shannon and James J. Walter: "Assisted Nutrition and Hydration and the Catholic Tradition"Hastening DeathRoger Magnusson: "The Devil's Choice: Re-Thinking Law, Ethics, and Symptom Relief in Palliative Care"ussonPeter Singer: "Voluntary Euthanasia: A Utilitarian Perspective"Damien Keown: "End of Life: The Buddhist View"Susan M. Wolf: "Gender, Feminism, and Death: Physician-Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia"Michael B. Gill: "A Moral Defense of Oregon's Physician-Assisted Suicide Law"CasesNot Dead Yet--Part INot Dead Yet--Part II (or There Is Cryonics in Baseball)Slow MedicineIs There Anybody in There?A Patient's Rights Act? The Limits of Patient Autonomy in IsraelThe Texas Advance Directives ActDon't Mess with Texas: Cancer, Custody, and KatieNot Dead Yet--Part IIIThe Groningen Protocol--Euthanasia for NewbornsA Friend in Need4. At the Beginnings of LifeAbortionJudith Jarvis Thomson: "A Defense of Abortion"Don Marquis: "Abortion and the Beginning and End of Human Life"Farhat Moazam: "Feminist Discourse on Sex Screening and Selective Abortion of Female Foetuses"Christopher Kaczor: "Could Artificial Wombs End the Abortion Debate?"Julie Cantor and Ken Baum: "The Limits of Conscientious Objection--May Pharmacists Refuse to Fill Prescriptions for Emergency Contraception?"Maternal-Fetal RelationsMary B. Mahowald: "Distinguishing Features of Women's Health Care"Deborah Hornstra: "A Realistic Approach to Maternal-Fetal Conflict"Reproductive TechnologyThomas H. Murray: "What Are Families For? Getting to an Ethics of Reproductive Technology"Paul Lauritzen: "Whose Bodies? Which Selves? Appeals to Embodiment in Assessments of Reproductive Technology"Janice G. Raymond: "Reproductive Gifts and Gift Giving: The Altruistic Woman"Alan Wertheimer: "Two Questions About Surrogacy and Exploitation"Human CloningLeon R. Kass: "Preventing a Brave New World,"Raanan Gillon: "Human Reproductive Cloning: A Look at the Arguments Against It and a Rejection of Most of Them"CasesMeasure for MeasureWhere the Boys AreWhat's Plan C? Pharmacist Refusal to Distribute Plan BSafe in the Womb?McKnight v. South CarolinaAmber AlertA Person, No Matter How Small?Veto PowerSurrogacy Specialists of America (SSA)Free to Be Me (Again?)5. Distributing and Procuring Health Care ResourcesAccess to Health CareNorman Daniels: "Justice, Health, and Healthcare"H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.: "Rights to Health Care, Social Justice, and Fairness in Health Care Allocations: Frustrations in the Face of Finitude"Paul Menzel and Donald W. Light: "A Conservative Case for Universal Access to Health Care"James Dwyer: "Illegal Immigrants, Health Care, and Social Responsibility"RationingMilton C. Weinstein: "Should Physicians Be Gatekeepers of Medical Resources?"Robert D. Truog, Dan W. Brock, Deborah I. Cook, Marion Danis, John M. Luce, Gordon Rubenfeld, and Mitchell Levy: "Rationing in The Intensive Care Unit"Organizational EthicsEzekiel J. Emanuel: "Justice and Managed Care: Four Principles for the Just Allocation of Health Care Resources"John A. Gallagher and Jerry Goodstein: "Fulfilling Institutional Responsibilities in Health Care: Organizational Ethics and the Role of Mission Discernment"Organ TransplantationWalter Glannon: "Responsibility, Alcoholism, and Liver Transplantation"Joseph L. Verheijde, Mohamed Y. Rady, and Joan McGregor: "Recovery of Transplantable Organs after Cardiac or Circulatory death: Transforming the Paradigm for the Ethics of Organ Donation"Barbro Bjorkman: "Why We Are Not Allowed to Sell That Which We Are Encouraged to Donate"Michael B. Gill: "Presumed Consent, Autonomy, and Organ Donation"David Steinberg: "An 'Opting in' Paradigm for Kidney Transplantation"CasesThe Health of NationsThe "Commonhealth" of MassachusettsShould Illegal Immigrants Have Access to Health Care?Blue Cross Seeks Physician InformantsAge-Based RationingLiving the MissionEarly Harvest--Removing Organs After Cardiac DeathPresumed Consent and Organ DonationPat Summerall's New LiverMatchmakers6. Biomedical ResearchResearch on Human Subjects"The Nuremburg Code"The Belmont Report: Ethical Principles and Guidelines for the Protection of Human Subjects of Research, The National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research"Declaration of Helsinki: Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects"David Orentlicher: "Making Research a Requirement of Treatment: Why We Should Sometimes Let Doctors Pressure Patients to Participate in Research"Carl Elliott: "Guinea-pigging"Alex John London: "Justice and the Human Development Approach to International Research"Stem Cell and Cloning ResearchPresident's Council on Bioethics: "Monitoring Stem Cell Research: Introduction"Ethical Issues in Human Stem Cell Research: Vol. 3, Religious Perspectives, National Bioethics Advisory CommissionGeron Ethics Advisory Board: "Research with Human Embryonic Stem Cells: Ethical Considerations"Animals as Research Subjects (or Objects)David DeGrazia: "The Ethics of Animal Research: What Are the Prospects for Agreement?"Council for International Organization of Medical Sciences: "International Guiding Principles for Biomedical Research Involving Animals"National Research Council: "Pain and Distress" and "Animal Models Involving Pain"CasesMedicare Requires Heart Patients to Enlist in ResearchEmpathic MiceOrphan DiseasesIn Defense of Animals (IDA) Urges NIH to Halt Animal Nicotine ExperimentsPharmacological Research on Pregnant WomenStem Cell Research--"Dead" Embryos?Dying Patients and the Right to Try Experimental DrugsSurgeon as Animal Rights WarriorGreat Ape Protection Act7. Genetics, Biotechnology, and Posthuman PossibilitiesTechnological Manipulations and Posthuman FuturesPresident's Council on Bioethics: "Biotechnology and the Pursuit of Happiness: An Introduction"Michael J. Sandel: "The Case Against Perfection"Sara Goering: "Gene Therapies and the Pursuit of a Better Human"Jeffrey H. Burack: "Jewish Reflections on Genetic Enhancement"Nick Bostrom: "Transhumanist Values"Enhancing the MindPaul Root Wolpe: "Treatment, Enhancement, and the Ethics of Neurotherapeutics"President's Council on Bioethics: "Memory and Happiness"Genetics and Future ChildrenDena S. Davis: "Genetic Dilemmas and the Child's Right to an Open Future"John A. Robertson: "Extending Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis: Medical and Non-Medical Uses" Direct-to-Consumer Marketing of Genetic TestsPlaying God in the West, but Not in the EastMyriad Genetics and the BRCA-2 GeneMo MoneyConsumer EugenicsWilliams Syndrome and PGDBetter Brains Through "Chemistry"Therapeutic ForgettingSoul Catcher 2025Be More Than You Can Be8. Environmental Turn in BioethicsRedefining Bioethics, Redefining HealthWendell Berry: "Health is Membership"Ted Schettler: "Toward an Ecological View of Health: An Imperative for the Twenty-First Century"Jessica Pierce and Andrew Jameton: "New Ways of Thinking About Bioethics"Health and the EnvironmentA.J. McMichael, A. Nyong, and C. Corvalan: "Global Environmental Change and Health: Impacts, Inequalities, and the Health Sector"Eric Chivian and Aaron S. Bernstein: "Embedded in Nature: Human Health and Biodiversity"Sustainable Health CareAndrew Jameton and Jessica Pierce: "Sustainable Health Care and Emerging Ethical Responsibilities"Daniel Bednarz: "Medicine After Oil: It Could Be Distributed a Lot More Democratically"Paul Carrick: "Deep Ecology and End-of-Life Care"American Medical Association: "Declaration of Professional Responsibility: Medicine's Social Contract with Humanity"American Medical Association: "Stewardship of the Environment: Policy H-135.973"CasesMalaria and DDTPhysicians and the Environmental ImperativePopulation ConnectionSustainable TrialsAsthma Inhalers and OzoneMussels on Prozac