Contemporary Sociology: An Introduction to Concepts and Theories

Paperback | December 30, 2014

byM. Francis Abraham

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This revised and updated edition of the highly successful sociology textbook, Contemporary Sociology, continues to throw light on key issues and concerns of present-day society. M. Francis Abraham's vast experience and extensive research cuts across conventional themes and geographicalboundaries to include: * Theoretical perspectives and research methods* Key concepts and theories* Relevant issues in education, economy, politics, population, stratification, minorities, urbanization, and environment* Social institutions, organizations, and recent trends of change* Examples drawn from numerous cultural contexts This second edition introduces the following new concepts in a comparative perspective:* Theoretical perspectives in a global age* Crystallization of social interaction* Race, gender, and stratification* New social movements* Gender and deviance * Women's movements and caste-oriented movement The crucial topics of modern-day sociology such as gender, race, lifestyle changes, ecological issues, and domestic violence are explained separately, distinguishing the book from general sociology textbooks.

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This revised and updated edition of the highly successful sociology textbook, Contemporary Sociology, continues to throw light on key issues and concerns of present-day society. M. Francis Abraham's vast experience and extensive research cuts across conventional themes and geographicalboundaries to include: * Theoretical perspectives a...

M. Francis Abraham has taught in India and the United States for over thirty years and is President of American International University Foundation, USA. He has authored, co-authored, and edited 13 books including the seminal Modern Sociological Theory (1983).

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:348 pages, 9.69 × 7.44 × 0.8 inPublished:December 30, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199452784

ISBN - 13:9780199452781

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Extra Content

Table of Contents

List of Tables and FiguresAcknowledgementsNote for Teachers and StudentsI THE FIELD OF SOCIOLOGY1. DEFINING SOCIOLOGYWhat is Sociology?Sociology and Other Social SciencesThe Sociological PerspectiveThe Founding Fathers of SociologyAuguste ComteKarl MarxHerbert SpencerEmile DurkheimMax WeberContemporary Sociology2. THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES IN SOCIOLOGYWhat is Sociological Theory?Types of Sociological TheorySpeculative Theories vs. Grounded TheoriesGrand Theories vs. Miniature TheoriesMacro Theories vs. Micro TheoriesFunctions of Sociological TheoryMainline Theories in SociologyEvolutionary TheoryStructural-functionalismConflict TheoryThe Frankfurt School and Critical TheorySymbolic InteractionismExchange TheoryChoosing and Using Sociological TheoryTheoretical Perspectives in a Global Age3. METHODS OF RESEARCH IN SOCIOLOGYThe Scientific ApproachBasic PrinciplesSteps in the Research ProcessSelection of the TopicReview of LiteratureFormulation of HypothesesSelection of Research DesignCollection of DataAnalysis of DataWriting the Report and Sharing the ResultsMethods of ResearchSurveysExperimentsObservational Studies: Participant and Non-participant ObservationAnalysis of Secondary DataQuantitative Vs. Qualitative ResearchIssues in Sociological ResearchII THE FOUNDATIONS OF SOCIETY4. CULTUREThe Meaning of CultureComponents of CultureBeliefsValuesLanguageNormsTechnologyCultural OrientationCultural DiversityCultural ChangeTowards a Global Culture?5. SOCIALIZATIONHeredity and EnvironmentThe Results of Deprived SocializationTheories of SocializationSociological TheoriesPsychological TheoriesAgents of SocializationThe FamilyPeer GroupsThe SchoolMass MediaAdult SocializationResocializationTotal InstitutionsSocialization by Caste, Religion, and Gender6. SOCIAL INTERACTIONVerbal and Non-verbal CommunicationCrystallization of Social ActionNature of Social InteractionTheories of Social InteractionDramaturgical ApproachEthnomethodologyThe Structure of Social InteractionStatusRoleForms of Social InteractionCooperationCompetitionConflictAccommodationExchangeVirtual Networking7. TYPES OF SOCIETIES AND GROUPSEvolution of SocietiesHunting and Gathering SocietiesHorticultural SocietiesPastoral SocietiesAgrarian SocietiesIndustrial and Post-industrial SocietiesThree TypologiesMechanical and Organic Solidarity: Emile DurkheimGemeinschaft and Gesellschaft: Ferdinand TonniesFolk and Urban Societies: Robert RedfieldTypes of Social GroupsAggregateSocietal GroupSocial GroupAssociational GroupPrimary and Secondary GroupsIn-groups and Out-groupsReference GroupsElectronic CommunitiesFormal Organizations and BureaucracySize and Group DynamicsSocial Organization8. DEVIANCE AND SOCIAL CONTROLWhat is Deviance?The Normality of Crime: DurkheimConsequences of DevianceTheories of Deviant BehaviourBiological TheoriesPsychological TheoriesSociological TheoriesAnomie TheoryDifferential Association TheoryLabelling TheoryConflict TheoryGender and DevianceCrime and CriminalsSocial ControlInformal Social ControlFormal Social ControlIII SOCIAL INEQUALITY9. SOCIAL STRATIFICATIONThree Systems of StratificationThe Estate SystemThe Caste SystemThe Class SystemRace, Gender, and StratificationDimensions of Social StratificationTheories of StratificationFunctional TheoryConflict theoryGlobal Systems of StratificationCaste and Class in IndiaLifestyles and Life-chancesSocial Mobility10. MINORITIES AND WEAKER SECTIONSPrejudice and DiscriminationPatterns of Majority-Minority RelationsMinority ResponsesMinority Groups in IndiaPersons with DisabilitiesThe AgedWomen as a MinorityWomen in IndiaDalits and Other Backward Classes (OBCs)Tribes in IndiaMinority by Sexual OrientationIV SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS11. THE FAMILYTypes of FamiliesMarriage PatternsFunctions of the FamilyThe Future of Marriage and FamilyMarriage and Family in IndiaGlobal Trends in Marriage and FamilyDomestic Violence12. THE POLITICAL ECONOMYState and GovernmentFunctions of the StateSocial ControlDefenceWelfareTypes of StatesAutocracyTotalitarianismDemocracyTypes of EconomyCapitalismSocialismMixed EconomyDemocratic SocialismPower and AuthorityTheories of Power in SocietiesThe Power Elite ModelThe Pluralist ModelThe Indian Political SceneGlobalization and Corporate Capitalism13. EDUCATIONAL SYSTEMFunctions of EducationSocializationCultural TransmissionSocial PlacementInnovationSocial IntegrationCritical ThinkingInequality in EducationEducation and the UN Millennium Development GoalsEducation in India14. RELIGIONReligions among the 'Primitive' PeopleElements of ReligionSome Related ConceptsMagicSectCultContemporary Sociological Perspectives on ReligionKey Sociological Theories on ReligionThe Functionalist PerspectiveThe Conflict PerspectiveDurkheim's Theory of ReligionRecent Trends in ReligionSecularizationResacralizationFundamentalismReligion in IndiaV SOCIAL CHANGE15. POPULATION AND URBANIZATIONThe Basic ConceptsFertilityMortalityMigrationTheoretical PerspectivesMalthusian Theory of PopulationDemographic Transition TheoryPopulation Explosion: Causes and ConsequencesA Note on Population in IndiaUrbanizationTheoretical PerspectivesGeorg Simmel: Metropolis and Mental LifeLouis Wirth: Urbanism as a Way of LifeUrbanization in India16. COLLECTIVE BEHAVIOUR AND SOCIAL MOVEMENTSTheories of Collective BehaviourContagion TheoryEmergent Norm TheoryConvergence TheoryValue-added TheoryForms of Collective BehaviourCrowdsDispersed Collective BehaviourRumourFads and FashionsSocial MovementsTheories of Social MovementsRelative Deprivation TheoryResource Mobilization TheoryPolitical Opportunity/Political Process TheoryNew Social MovementsThe Life-cycle of Social MovementsSocial Movements in IndiaEnvironmental MovementsWomen's MovementsCaste-oriented Movements17. SOCIAL CHANGE, ENVIRONMENT, AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENTTheories of Social ChangeEvolutionary TheoryFunctional TheoryConflict TheorySources of Social ChangePhysical EnvironmentTechnologyCultural Contacts and DiffusionValues and IdeologyThe Process of Social ChangeSocial Change in IndiaEnvironmentSustainable DevelopmentFurther ReadingsIndexAbout the Author