Core Questions In Philosophy: A Text With Readings

Paperback | September 25, 2012

byElliott Sober

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Applying philosophy to everyday life.

 

Core Questions in Philosophy emphasizes the idea that philosophy is a subject de­voted to evaluating arguments and constructing theories.

 

Presented in an engaging lecture-style format, this text/reader focuses on the basic issues and ideas in philosophy with lectures/discussions, supported by readings from historically important sources. Discussions emphasize the logic of philosophical arguments and how they relate to the content of modern physical and social sciences.

 

Teaching & Learning Experience

The teaching and learning experience with this program helps to:

  • Improve Critical Thinking Review questions at the end of each chapter allow students to review what they’ve just learned and think critically about related problems.
  • Engage Students Following a lecture format, the text portion is written in an engaging conversational tone.
  • Explore Theory Emphasis on evaluating arguments and constructing theories.
  • Support Instructors – An instructor’s manual, test bank, MyTest Test Bank, and PowerPoint presentation provide more teaching resources.
  •  

Pricing and Purchase Info

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From the Publisher

ALERT: Before you purchase, check with your instructor or review your course syllabus to ensure that you select the correct ISBN. Several versions of Pearson's MyLab & Mastering products exist for each title, including customized versions for individual schools, and registrations are not transferable. In addition, you may need a Cours...

Elliott Sober is Hans Reichenbach Professor of Philosophy and William F. Vilas Research Professor at University of Wisconsin-Madison. His research is in the philosophy of science, especially in the philosophy of evolutionary biology. Sober’s books include The Nature of Selection -- Evolutionary Theory in Philosophical Focus (1984), Re...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:391 pages, 9 × 7.3 × 0.9 inPublished:September 25, 2012Publisher:Pearson EducationLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0205206697

ISBN - 13:9780205206698

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Extra Content

Table of Contents

Part 1:  Introduction
Chapter 1:    What Is Philosophy?
          Reading: What is Philosophy - Bertrand Russell

Chapter 2:    Deductive Arguments

Chapter 3:    Inductive and Abductive Arguments

 

Part 2: The Philosophy of Religion
Chapter 4:    Aquinas’s First Four Ways
          Reading:  Five Ways to Prove That God Exists - Saint Thomas Aquinas
Chapter 5:    The Design Argument
          Readings: The Design Argument - William Paley
                        Critique of the Design Argument - David Hume
Chapter 6:    Evolution and Creationism
Chapter 7:    Can Science Explain Everything?
Chapter 8:    The Ontological Argument
          Reading: Debate - Saint Anselm and Gaunilo
Chapter 9:    Is the Existence of God Testable?
          Reading: The Meaninglessness of Religious Discourse - Alfred Jules Ayer
Chapter 10:  Pascal and Irrationality
          Readings: Belief in God – What Do You Have to Lose? - Blaise Pascal
                        The Will to Believe - William James
Chapter 11:  The Argument from Evil

 

Part 3: Theory of Knowledge
Chapter 12:  What Is Knowledge?
          Reading: The Theaetetus — Knowledge is Something More than True Belief Plato
Chapter 13:  Descartes’ Foundationalism
          Reading: Meditations on First Philosophy, 1-5 - René Descartes
Chapter 14:  The Reliability Theory of Knowledge
Chapter 15:  Justified Belief and Hume’s Problem of Induction
          Reading: Induction Cannot Be Rationally Justified - David Hume
Chapter 16:  Can Hume’s Skepticism Be Refuted?
Chapter 17:   Beyond Foundationalism
Chapter 18:  Locke on the Existence of External Objects
          Readings: The External World Probably Exists - Hans Reichenbach
                        Yada yada - John Locke

 

Part 4:  Philosophy of Mind
Chapter 19:  Dualism and the Mind/Body Problem
          Reading: Meditations on First Philosophy, 6 - René Descartes
Chapter 20:  Logical Behaviorism
          Reading: Other Minds Are Known by Analogy from One’s Own Case -Bertrand Russell
Chapter 21:  Methodological Behaviorism
Chapter 22:  The Mind/Brain Identity Theory
Chapter 23:  Functionalism
Chapter 24:  Freedom, Determinism, and Causality
Chapter 25:  A Menu of Positions on Free Will
          Readings: Determinism Shows That Free Will Is an Illusion - Baron D’Holbach
                        Of Liberty and Necessity - David Hume
                        Has the Self “Free Will”? - C. A. Campbell
Chapter 26:  Compatibilism
Chapter 27:  Psychological Egoism
          Reading: What Motivates People to Act Justly? - Plato

 

Part 5: Ethics
Chapter 28:  Ethics–Normative and Meta
Chapter 29:  The Is/Ought Gap and the Naturalistic Fallacy
Chapter 30:  Observation and Explanation in Ethics
Chapter 31:   Conventionalist Theories
          Readings: The Euthyphro — A Critique of the Divine Command Theory- Plato
                        Existentialism - Jean-Paul Sartre
Chapter 32:  Utilitarianism
          Readings: Defense of Utilitarianism - John Stuart Mill
                        Principle of Utility - Jeremy Bentham
                        On Liberty- John Stuart Mill
Chapter 33:  Kant’s Moral Theory
          Reading Ethics Founded on Reason Immanuel Kant
Chapter 34:   Aristotle on the Good Life

 

Editorial Reviews

"Sober is a real philosopher and the clarity of his thought helps this book immensely." - Sean Stidd, Wayne State University   "I definitely think that the author wrote this book with the student in mind. Although the ideas presented are difficult, the author does a great job in explaining the theories without 'tarnishing' the philosophers theory. So many text ruin the power of the philosophical thought because they want to make the idea 'understandable'. It is not the case in this text. I thought the explanations were spot on." - Louis Howe, Jr., Central Connecticut State University