Cosmic Rays, Supernovae and the Interstellar Medium by M.M. ShapiroCosmic Rays, Supernovae and the Interstellar Medium by M.M. Shapiro

Cosmic Rays, Supernovae and the Interstellar Medium

byM.M. ShapiroEditorRein Silberberg, John P. Wefel

Paperback | November 13, 2012

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The Galactic cosmic rays have far-reaching effects on the interstellar medium, and they are, in turn, profoundly affected by the particles and fields in space. Supernova remnants and their expanding shock fronts pervade the Galaxy, heating the interstellar medium, and accelerating the cosmic rays. The interplay among the cosmic rays, the interstellar medium in which they propagate, and supernovae has been investigated for decades; yet these studies have generated as many enigmas as they have resolved. These puzzles continue to challenge observers and theorists alike. th This volume is devoted to selected lectures presented in the 7 Course of the International School of Cosmic-Ray Astrophysics in Erice, Italy in July-August, 1990. Alltogether, some 400 participants have attended the biennial sessions of this School since its inception in 1978. As its name implies, the School deals with cosmic-ray phenomena viewed in the broader context of astrophysics. Students and Lecturers are attracted from many astrophysical disciplines. Like earlier courses in this series, the present one was organized under the aegis of the Ettore Majorana Centre as a NATO Advanced Study Institute. Given the diverse scientific backgrounds of the students, it was deemed useful to include lectures at the introductory level. Other lectures and contributed talks were at a more advanced level, featuring new developments. If this collection is useful pedagogically, and if it provides some stimulus and information for the mature research worker, then the editors will feel well rewarded.
Title:Cosmic Rays, Supernovae and the Interstellar MediumFormat:PaperbackDimensions:350 pagesPublished:November 13, 2012Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:9401053928

ISBN - 13:9789401053921

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Table of Contents

I. Cosmic Rays and the Interstellar Medium.- A Brief Introduction to the Cosmic Radiation.- The Composition of the Cosmic Rays: An Update.- Interstellar Dust-Gas Relationships.- Dust, Gas and Cosmic Rays in the Interstellar Medium.- Comparison Between Greenberg and Mathis Models of Grains for the H2 Formation Induced by Cosmic Rays.- II. Supernovae, Acceleration, Propagation and Source Composition.- Shock Acceleration of Cosmic Rays.- Source Composition, Sites of Origin And Acceleration of Cosmic Rays.- Cosmic-Ray Age and the Interstellar Medium.- The Production of Antiprotons in the Interstellar Gas by Propagating Cosmic Rays.- The Source Composition of Galactic Cosmic Rays and the Condensation Process of the Elements in Circumstellar and Interstellar Gases.- The Distribution of Supernova Remnants in the Galaxy.- Gamma Rays from Supernova 1987A.- Acceleration of Cosmic Rays at Young Supernova Remnants.- The Effect of Relativistic Particle Beams on the Evolution of Supernova Envelopes: Self-Consistent Solutions.- Radio Spectral Variations in the Cygnus Loop.- III. Gamma Rays and Their Role as Cosmic Ray Tracers.- Gamma Ray Astrophysics at Energies up to 10 Gev.- Vhe and UHE Gamma Ray Sources.- Gamma-Rays from Electron, Proton Beam Interactions with Matter and/or Radiation: Application to Cygx-L, Geminga, and 3C273.- Gamma Rays and Neutrinos from Accretion Processes onto Collapsed Objects: Application to 3C273.- Nearby Galaxies in Highenergy Gamma Rays.- IV. Ultra-Energetic Cosmic Nuclei.- Cosmic Rays at the Highest Energies.- Participants.- Author Index.