Crime and Criminology by Sue Titus ReidCrime and Criminology by Sue Titus Reid

Crime and Criminology

bySue Titus Reid

Hardcover | March 18, 2011

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With its unique blend of social science and legal research, the thirteenth edition of Crime and Criminology offers students a broad context in which to study this dynamic subject, from its history and theories to its ongoing debates and discussions. In engaging, straightforward language,leading scholar and author Sue Titus Reid provides students with a solid understanding of the integral relationship between the law and theories of criminal behavior. The first criminology textbook to be published in a thirteenth edition, this popular and time-tested volume is an essential resourcefor students and scholars of this ever-changing - and always fascinating - topic.
Sue Titus Reid is Professor in the Askew School of Public Administration and Policy at Florida State University.
Title:Crime and CriminologyFormat:HardcoverDimensions:672 pages, 8.82 × 10.98 × 1.18 inPublished:March 18, 2011Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199783187

ISBN - 13:9780199783182

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Table of Contents

Each Chapter begins with an Outline, a list of Key Terms, and an Introduction. Each Chapter closes with a Summary, Study Questions, Brief Essay Assignments, Internet Activities, and NotesFocus BoxesPrefacePART I: INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF CRIME AND CRIMINOLOGY1. Crime, Criminal Law, and CriminologyThe Concept of CrimeAn Act or OmissionThe Intent Requirement and Its ExceptionsViolation of the Elements of Criminal LawWithout Justification or DefenseFelony or MisdemeanorThe Judge or Jury as Final Decision MakerThe Concept of LawLaw as Social ControlThe Extent of Criminal LawCriminal Law and Sex CrimesLegalizing Marijuana for Medicinal PurposesCriminology and the Study of Crime2. The Measurement of Crime and Its ImpactSources of Crime DataThe Uniform Crime Reports (UCR)The National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS)The National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS)Self Report Data (SRD)The National Youth Survey (NYS)The Crime Classification System (CCS)The National Criminal History Improvement Program (NCHIP)Crime in the United States: An OverviewNational Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) DataUniform Crime Report (UCR) DataCharacteristics of OffendersAgeRace and EthnicityGenderCharacteristics of Crime VictimsAgeRace and EthnicityGenderDisabilitiesCriminal Justice Systems and Crime VictimsAnalysis of Crime Data CollectionResearch in CriminologyBasing Policy Decisions on ResearchThe Search for ExplanationsSelection of a Research MethodErrors in Interpreting DataPART II: EXPLANATIONS OF CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR3. Early Explanations of Criminal Behavior and Their Modern CounterpartsThe Historical Background of Punishment and Criminal LawThe Classical BeginningsCesare BeccariaJeremy BenthamOther Influential ScholarsThe Neoclassical SchoolThe Positivist SchoolCesare LombrosoRaffaele GarofaloEnrico FerriContributions of the Positivist SchoolThe Classical and Positivist Schools ComparedPunishment PhilosophiesIncapacitationRetributionJust DesertsRehabilitationThe Rehabilitative IdealA Return to Rehabilitation?DeterrenceDeterrence of Types of Crime and Types of PeoplePerceived DeterrenceEmpirical Evidence Regarding DeterrenceDeterrence and Rational Choice TheoriesPolicy Implications of Deterrence TheoryPunishment: An Analysis4. Biological and Psychological Theories of Criminal BehaviorBiological Factors and CrimeLombroso and the PositivistsPhysique and CrimeGenetic FactorsFamily StudiesStudies of TwinsAdoption StudiesGenetics and Behavior: A Modern ViewObstetric FactorsNeurological FactorsNeuroendocrinologyNeurochemistryAutonomic Nervous System StudiesAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)Psychological Theories of Criminal BehaviorMental Illness: A Brief LookPsychiatric ApproachPersonality TheoryIntelligence and CrimeCognitive Development TheoryBehavior TheoryLearning TheoryImplications of Biological and Psychological Theories5. Sociological Theories of Criminal Behavior I: The Social-Structural ApproachEcological TheoriesThe Chicago School and Its ImpactContemporary Research on Urban Crime and DelinquencyAnomie/Strain TheoriesThe Classic Anomie ApproachDurkheim's ContributionsMerton's ContributionsContemporary ApproachesMessner and Rosenfeld: Institutional Anomie Theory (IAT)Agnew: General Strain Theory (GST)Cullen's Social Support ExplanationCultural Transmission Theories and Their ForerunnersThe Study of GangsThe Earlier WorksData on GangsCurrent Research and PoliciesRace and EthnicityFemale GangsThe Prevention of GangsThe Lower-Class Boy and Middle-Class Measuring RodNeutralization and DriftDifferential OpportunityEducation and DelinquencyThe Lower-Class Boy and Lower-Class CultureEvaluation of Cultural Transmission TheoriesCrime and the FamilyFamily Social StructuresFamily Power Relationships: Power-Control TheoryThe Routine Activity ApproachThe Conflict PerspectiveBackground of the Modern Conflict ApproachCulture and Group ConflictPower and ConflictCritical CriminologyInstrumental MarxismStructural MarxismIntegrated Structural-Marxist TheoryPeacemakingLeft Realist TheoriesPostmodernismEvaluation of Critical CriminologySocial-Structural Theories and Female CriminalityWomen's Liberation TheoryOpportunity TheoryEconomic Marginalization HypothesisPower-Control TheoryCritique of Women's Liberation TheoryStrain TheoryCritical TheoryFeminist Theory6. Sociological Theories of Criminal Behavior II: The Social-Process ApproachLearning TheoryTarde's Imitation TheoryThe Modern Media and ImitationSocial Learning TheorySutherland's Differential Association TheoryAkers's Social Learning TheoryControl TheoryReiss and Nye's Control TheoryReckless's Containment TheoryHirschi's Bonding TheoryGottfredson and Hirschi's Self-Control TheoryLabeling TheoryThe Emergence and Development of Labeling TheoryThe Effects of LabelingEmpirical ResearchRecent Refinements of Labeling TheoryBraithwaite's Restorative JusticeMatsueda's Reflective AppraisalSampson and Laub's Cumulative DisadvantagesEvaluation of Labeling TheoryIntegrated TheoriesAkers: Conceptual AbsorptionDevelopmental and Life-Course TheoriesSampson and Laub: Age-Graded TheoryMoffitt: Developmental TheoryCullen and Colvin: Social Support or CoercionThornberry: Interactional TheoryKrohn: Network AnalysisKaplan: Self-DerogationTittle: Control BalanceElliott, Ageton, and Canter: Integrated Strain/ControlRobinson: Integrated Systems Theory of Antisocial BehaviorAgnew: General TheoryFarrington: Integrated Cognitive Antisocial PotentialBernard and Snipes: The Theory Integration ApproachConclusion to Integrated TheoriesConclusion to Criminal Behavior TheoriesPolicy Implications of Criminal Behavior TheoriesPART III: TYPES OF CRIME7. Violent CrimesThe Study of Types of CrimeSerious Violent Crimes: An OverviewSerious Violent Crimes: The Specific OffensesMurder and Nonnegligent ManslaughterDataResearch on MurderForcible RapeDataResearch on RapeRobberyDataResearch on RobberyAggravated AssaultExplanations of Violent CrimeOther Violent CrimesDomestic ViolenceIntimate Partner Violence (IPV)- Data- Explanations- Legal ReactionsChild Abuse- Statutory Rape- Incest- Explanations and Effects of Child AbuseElder AbuseKidnappingHate CrimesStalkingTerrorismDefinitional IssuesThe Categories of TerrorismTerrorism VictimsThe Control of Terrorism: Federal InitiativesThe Fear of CrimeGuns and Violent CrimeGun Control LegislationThe Effects of Gun Control on ViolenceThe Media, Pornography, and Violent CrimeLegal Issues and PornographyVirtual Child Pornography8. Property CrimesSerious Property CrimesBurglaryCommon Law HistoryDataAnalysis of BurglaryLarceny-TheftCommon Law HistoryDataFocus on ShopliftingMotor Vehicle TheftCarjacking: Property or Violent Crime?Analysis of Motor Vehicle TheftArsonDataAnalysis of ArsonLesser Property Crimes: A SampleForgery, Counterfeiting, and FraudStolen Property: Buying, Receiving, PossessingEmbezzlementIdentity TheftComputer CrimesTypes of Computer CrimesControlling Computer CrimesLegal Issues and Computer CrimesProfessional and Career CriminalsProfessional Criminal Behavior: The Early ApproachContemporary Conceptualizations of Professional ThievesCareer Criminals: The Modern ApproachWolfgang's Studies of Delinquency CohortsRand Studies of Career CriminalsThe BJS ReportThe NIJ Overview of Repeat OffendersThe Young Criminal Years of the Violent FewRecent ResearchSentencing Repeat Offenders: The U.S. Supreme Court Rules9. Business- and Government-Related CrimesBusiness-Related Crimes: An OverviewDefinitional ProblemsExtentProsecutionImpact on SocietyA Sociological AnalysisBasis of Legal LiabilityTypes of Business-Related CrimesConspiracyAvoidance or Evasion of TaxesBribery and ExtortionEmbezzlementSecurities and Investment CrimesInsider TradingSarbanes-Oxley (SOX) ActAntitrust ViolationsEnvironmental CrimeProducts Liability and CrimeWorkplace ViolationsMail and Wire FraudFinancial Institution FraudMortgage FraudHealth Care FraudGovernment-Related CrimesObstruction of JusticePolitical Crimes and Official Misuse of PowerCivil Rights ViolationsDomestic Civil Rights HistoricallyTerrorism and Civil RightsControlling Business- and Government-Related Crimes10. Drug Abuse, Drug Trafficking, and Organized CrimeDrug AbuseDataThe Impact of Drug AbuseEffects on the AbuserFetal AbuseDrugs and the CommunityCampus and Intimate Partner ViolenceEconomic CostCriminal ActivityPrison and Jail OvercrowdingInfluence on Criminal Justice System PersonnelThe Debate over Drug LawsThe Federal Approach- The War on Drugs- Analysis of the War- Sentencing PracticesState ApproachesThe Legalization Debate- Decriminalization of Marijuana Possession for Personal Use- Decriminalization of Marijuana for Medicinal PurposesThe Treatment Approach- Statutory Changes in Drug Treatment- Drug Courts and Education- Drug TestingDrug TraffickingDrug Trafficking DynamicsSelected Drug CartelsThe Medellin CartelThe Cali CartelMexican Drug CartelsThe Control of Drug Abuse and Drug TraffickingOrganized CrimeThe Concept of Organized CrimeThe History and Organization of Organized CrimeOrganized Crime and Legitimate BusinessHealth CareThe Food IndustryThe Construction IndustryThe Cartage IndustryThe Control of Organized CrimeStatutory MeasuresProsecutions and TrialsPART IV: CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEMS11. U.S. Criminal Justice SystemsConcepts of U.S. Criminal JusticeThe Philosophy of the Adversary SystemDue ProcessEqual ProtectionThe Reality of the Adversary SystemOther Special Characteristics of U.S. Criminal Justice SystemsThe Systems EffectDiscretionThe Stages in U.S. Criminal Justice SystemsInvestigation Prior to ArrestArrestBookingInitial AppearancePreliminary HearingInformationIndictmentArraignmentReduction of the ChargeTrialSentencingAppeals and RemediesIncarcerationReleaseSelected Constitutional Rights of DefendantsThe Right to Be Free from Unreasonable Searches and SeizuresVehicle Searches- Person SearchesHome SearchesThe Right Not to Testify Against OneselfThe Right to CounselThe Right to Trial by JuryVictims' RightsDefendants' Rights Versus Victims' RightsU.S. Criminal Justice Systems: An AssessmentRace and EthnicitySocioeconomic StatusGenderThe U.S. Criminal Justice Systems and Terrorism12. PoliceThe Emergence of Formal PolicingPublic Policing in the United StatesRural, County, Municipal, and State PolicingPolicing at the Federal LevelSecurity at U.S. BordersCampus and Other Security AreasInternational PolicingPrivate SecurityPolice PersonnelQualifications for PolicingPolice Recruitment and TrainingFemale and Minority OfficersThe Nature of PolicingPolice FunctionsLaw EnforcementOrder MaintenanceService-Related DutiesPolicing ModelsProfessional ModelCommunity-Oriented PolicingTime AllocationConflicting ExpectationsPolice StressThe Police SubcultureAIDS and Law EnforcementPolice Decision MakingThe Right to Stop and QuestionThe Right to Search a HomeThe Sociology of ArrestRacial Profiling: Myth or Reality?The Use of ForceVehicle PursuitsPolice Intervention in Domestic Violence CasesPolice MisconductNew York City Police Department (NYPD)Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD)Atlanta Police Department (APD)Analysis of CorruptionThe Control of PolicingPolice Professionalism and Departmental ControlCommunity ControlControl Through the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ)Control Through the CourtsThe Exclusionary RuleCriminal and Civil LiabilityTerrorism and Policing13. Court SystemsCourt Systems: An OverviewDual Court SystemsTrial and Appellate CourtsFocus on Specialized CourtsJuvenile CourtsDomestic Violence CourtsDrug CourtsMental Health CourtsThe Role of Lawyers in Criminal Court SystemsProsecutionDefensePretrial ProcessesPretrial ReleaseThe Bail SystemPlea BargainingThe Trial of a Criminal CaseThe Right to a Speedy TrialThe Trial Decision: Judge or JurySentencingThe Sentencing ProcessSentencing IssuesSentence DisparityThree Strikes and You're OutCrack/Powder Cocaine Sentencing ReformRace and Ethnicity DiscriminationGender DiscriminationControl of Sentence DisparitySentencing Guidelines: An OverviewFederal GuidelinesU.S. Supreme Court and Sentencing GuidelinesCapital PunishmentData and CostLegal Death Penalty IssuesDeterrence and Capital PunishmentJuveniles and Capital PunishmentThe Future of Capital PunishmentAppeals and Other Legal ChallengesCourts and CongestionCourts and ViolencePART V: SOCIAL REACTION TO CRIME: CORRECTIONS14. The Confinement of OffendersThe Emergence of Prisons for PunishmentU.S. Contributions to the Emergence of PrisonsThe Pennsylvania and Auburn SystemsPrison ExpansionThe Reformatory EraThe Modern Era of American Prisons: An OverviewInstitutions for the Confinement of Adult OffendersCorrectional PopulationsOvercrowdingCalifornia and New York Correctional SystemsAnalysis of OvercrowdingJailsPrisonsPrison Security LevelsFocus on Supermax PrisonsState and Federal PrisonsPrivate Jails and PrisonsThe Inmate's WorldPrisonizationPrisonization ModelsPrisonization and ViolenceFemale InmatesElderly, Physically, and Mentally Challenged InmatesJuveniles in CorrectionsPrison and Jail ViolenceSelf ViolenceSexual ViolenceRiotsEscapeControl Within Prisons: The Role of Correctional OfficersInmates' Legal Rights: An OverviewHistorical OverviewPhysical Restraint and DisciplineAmericans with Disabilities Act (ADA)General Health IssuesAnalysis of Inmates' Legal Rights15. Corrections in the CommunityDiversionCommunity Corrections: An Attempt at ReintegrationCommunity Work Service, Fines, and RestitutionHalfway HousesShock Incarceration and Boot CampsDay Reporting CentersHouse ArrestElectronic Monitoring (EM) and Global Positioning Systems (GPS)ProbationHistoryDataThe Probation ProcessProbation Supervision and ConditionsRelease from IncarcerationReentry: The ChallengePrerelease Programs: An OverviewThe Hiring CrisisFurlough and Work-Release ProgramParoleHistoryDataThe Parole SystemThe Future of ParoleProbation and Parole RevocationFocus on Sex OffendersRegistration and Related LawsMegan's LawsJessica's LawsAnalysisLegal ChallengesCivil Commitment of Released Sex OffendersThe Future of CorrectionsAn Evaluation of Community CorrectionsFocus on CaliforniaFocus on South CarolinaJuvenile JusticeOther IssuesEvidence-Based PracticesAPPENDIX A: Amendments to the U.S. ConstitutionAPPENDIX B: How to Read a Court CitationGlossaryCase IndexName IndexGeneral IndexCredits