Crime Scene: The Criminalistics, Science, and Common Sense by Malcolm Ross GreenshieldsCrime Scene: The Criminalistics, Science, and Common Sense by Malcolm Ross Greenshields

Crime Scene: The Criminalistics, Science, and Common Sense

byMalcolm Ross Greenshields, Gordon D. Scheurman

Hardcover | October 13, 2000

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Aimed at courses on evidence and investigation, criminalistics, and forensic science in criminal justice, law and security administration, and police foundations programs. The text is also ideal for introductory university-level courses offered by anthropology, sociology, and criminology departments.

Designed to fulfill the need for a concise, practical manual in criminalistics, this text will appeal to those involved in law enforcement, whether students or professionals working in the field. The book concentrates on the detection, gathering, preservation, and presentation of physical evidence; it can, therefore, serve as a guide to the management of crime scenes. The authors succeed in their goal to avoid overly theoretical discussion in favour of clear explanations, and in doing so have provided a text that will ensure a more professional approach to solving problems of evidence and proof that is so crucial to the administration of justice.

Title:Crime Scene: The Criminalistics, Science, and Common SenseFormat:HardcoverDimensions:320 pages, 9.25 × 7 × 0.65 inPublished:October 13, 2000Publisher:Pearson EducationLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0130851167

ISBN - 13:9780130851161

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Table of Contents



Acknowledgments.


Foreword.


Preface.


1. Introduction: Justice Systems, Professionalism, and Common Sense.

The Principle of Alteration. The Evolution of Modern Policing and Police Ethics.



2. You Have Been Called to a Crime Scene.

Ensuring Officer and Victim Safety. Entering and Securing the Crime Scene. Preliminary Investigation.



3. Crime Scene Coverage.

Evidence. Recognition and Identification of Evidence. Contamination, Destruction, and Protection of Evidence. Continuity of Evidence.



4. Processing the Crime Scene.

The Matching Principle: Known to Unknown. Class and Individual Characteristics. The Identification Process. The Crime Scene Search. Gathering and Cataloguing Evidence.



5. The Forensic Laboratory and Forensic Science.

Packaging Evidence for Submission to the Laboratory. Forensic Laboratories in Canada. Sciences Associated with Forensic Science. DNA Typing and Serology. Laboratory Processes. Physical Evidence and Major Crimes.



6. Fingerprints.

Identification of Criminals Act (See Appendix B). History of Fingerprint Identification. How Fingerprints Are Made. Positive Identification. Making Known or Inked Fingerprints. Crime Scene Fingerprints. Collection Procedures. Comparing Prints. Fingerprint Classification Systems.



7. Impressions.

Footwear Impressions. Tire Impressions. Tool Impressions. Serial Number Restoration. Teeth and Bite Marks. Other Impression Evidence.



8. Firearms and Ammunition.

Types of Firearms. Ammunition. Analysis and Comparison: Reading the Story of Firearms Evidence. Examining the Effects of Shooting.



9. Blood and Body Evidence.

The Crime Scene: Recognition, Collection and Preservation. Identification and Enhancement of Blood and Body Fluid Stains. DNA Trace Evidence Collection. Analysis and Comparison. Bloodstain Pattern Analysis.



10. Hair and Fibre Evidence.

The Structure of Hair. At the Crime Scene: Collection of Hair Evidence. Hair Comparison and Analysis. Fibre Evidence. Analysis, Comparison & Evaluation of Fibres.



11. Glass, Soil and Vegetative Matter.

Glass. At the Crime Scene: Recognition, Collection and Preservation. Fracture Pattern Analysis. Dust, Sand and Soil. Vegetative Matter.



12. Paint and Plastics.

Paint. Collection of Paint Evidence. Analysis and Comparison of Paint Evidence. Plastic Bags and Wrappings.



13. Arson.

Preliminary Steps. Physical Evidence of Arson. Collection and Preservation of Arson Evidence. Analysis and Comparison. Explosions and Explosives.



14. Documents.

Collection of Document Evidence. Collected and Requested Writings. Writing and Printing Instruments. Document Examination, Analysis, and Comparison.



15. The Investigator as Witness: Court Presentation of Evidence.

The Role of the Witness. Organization. Common Difficulties. Rules of Evidence. Relevance and Prejudice. Admissibility vs. Weight. Other Rules of Evidence. Traditional Views of Illegally Obtained Evidence. The American Experience. The Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Unreasonable Search or Seizure.



Appendices.

A. Major Crime Scene Protocols: Judicial Instructions to Police. B. Identification of Criminals Act. C. The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.



Bibliography.


Index.