Crime Victims in Context

Paperback | January 15, 1998

byLeslie W. Kennedy, Vincent F. Sacco

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This is the most up-to-date and thought-provoking undergraduate text on the controversial topic of victimology available. It features a lively, engaging writing style. Designed for the American college and university market, this book is groundbreaking in its integrated approach to the study of society's crime victims and the forces that influence their victimization. This approach eases instruction by encouraging students to engage in critical thinking aboutvictims--helping students understand how victimization relates to the social context in which victims live. Crime Victims in Context explores the following themes: * Ways in which the victim role is constructed in the media, in public discourse, and in political responses to crime. This sets the stage for rethinking the meaning of victimization. * Approaching victimization as a social event--the social exchanges, or transactions, between victim and offender. * An exploration of the aftermath of crime--examining the effects of crime on the victim, including the physical and socio-emotional costs of victimization. * Responses by the criminal justice system in the adjudication of offender guilt as well as victim support groups. Coverage includes both sides of such controversial issues as fear of crime, victim blaming, the "abuse excuse," white-collar victimization, and restorative justice. The discussion of culture and the discussion of victims and victimization as moral stratification are innovative features of thistext. There is extensive treatment of victimization theories and a review of data-collection procedures used in collecting information about victimization. Numerous examples drawn from real life and recent research serve to illustrate points throughout the book. Internet references are also included.

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This is the most up-to-date and thought-provoking undergraduate text on the controversial topic of victimology available. It features a lively, engaging writing style. Designed for the American college and university market, this book is groundbreaking in its integrated approach to the study of society's crime victims and the forces th...

Leslie Kennedy is Professor and Dean in the School of Criminal Justice at Rutgers University. Vincent Sacco is Professor of Sociology at Queen's University in Kingston, Ontario.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:240 pages, 7.01 × 9.21 × 0.51 inPublished:January 15, 1998Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195329775

ISBN - 13:9780195329773

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Table of Contents

Chapter 1: The Meaning of VictimizationThe Ambiguous Character of Criminal VictimizationDefining Victims and VictimizationCulture and VictimizationVictimizersVictimizationVictimsThe Innocence of VictimsBlaming the VictimA Culture of Victimization?The Victim's IdentitySummary and ConclusionChapter 2: Cultural Images of VictimizationMedia DiscourseThe News MediaCrime Content of NewsVictims in the NewsMaking Crime NewsNewsworthinessNews Agencies as BureaucraciesVictims in the News Production ProcessMedia Waves and Media WarsEntertainmentMoviesPolice and Crime ShowsTrue Crime GenresPopular DiscourseTalking About CrimeUrban LegendsSome Implications of Crime DiscoursesThe Connection Between Media and Popular DiscourseSummary and ConclusionsChapter 3: The Political Context of VictimizationThe Shifting Victim RoleRising Crime RatesThe Politicization of CrimeMovement LinkageOffender BashingNet-WideningFailure to Address the Causes of CrimeThe Emphasis on Conventional CrimeHeightening the Fear of CrimeThe Intensification of ConflictStigmatization of VictimsWeakening Social Ties and Increasing DependencyDelaying Processes of Natural HealingUnmet ExpectationsDefining Victims and Victim IssuesConstructing Social ProblemsConstructing Victim IssuesClaimsmakersClaims About Victim IssuesThe Claimsmaking ProcessSummary and ConclusionsChapter 4: Victims: The Research ContextThe Research ContextPolice DataThe Uniform Crime ReportsProblems With UCR DataVictimization SurveysThe National Crime Victimization SurveyAdvantages and Limitations of Victimization SurveysThe NCVS and the UCRThe Offender Self-Report StudySummary and ConclusionsChapter 5: Victims and Criminological TheoryCriminology and Crime VictimsThe Criminal OpportunityLifestyle-Exposure TheoryRoutine Activities TheoryVictimization and OpportunityVictim-Offender InteractionVictim PrecipitationThe Situated Transaction Victims and Victim TheoriesThe Criminal Event PerspectiveSummary and ConclusionsChapter 6: Setting the Context for Victimization: Personal Safety, Risk, and Dangerous LocationsPerceptions of Personal Safety: Constructing the Social Context of VictimizationRisky Lifestyles: Exposure and Propensity to CrimeDangerous LocationsCrime PreventionVictim-Based PreventionOffender-Based PreventionCommunity-Based PreventionCombined ApproachesSummary and ConclusionsChapter 7: Victim ExperiencesEvent PrecursorsStructural PositionVictim Offender Relationship: From Strangers to IntimatesStrangersIntimatesFriends and AcquaintancesThe TransactionSituational Dynamics of Household Victimization: Private ProblemsSpousal ViolenceChild AbuseProperty CrimesCrimes in PublicLife on the StreetVictim Retaliation: The Role of Third PartiesCriminal Event OutcomesProximate Effects of Victimization: The Role of the PoliceMedical InterventionSummary and ConclusionsChapter 8: The Aftermath of Victimization I: The Victimization ExperienceThe Impact of VictimizationCosts of VictimizationCalculating the Monetary Cost of Crime Subjective Costs of Crime: Emotional and BehavioralResponses to Victim ExperiencesPost-Traumatic Stress SyndromeBattered Woman SyndromeThe Emotional Effects of Property CrimeCycles of Violence: Victims Who Become OffendersSummary and ConclusionsChapter 9: The Aftermath of Victimization II: Victim Services, Courts, and Alternative JusticeVictim Involvement With the Criminal Justice SystemSecondary VictimizationVictim's RightsThe Role of Victims in Responses to Criminal EventsPoliceVictims and Court PersonnelVictims and ProsecutorsVictim Witness IntimidationVictims as Judges: The Enhanced Role of Victim Impact StatementsVictim ServicesVictim Compensation and RestitutionVictim Involvement With Offenders: Alternative JusticeSummary and ConclusionsChapter 10: Summing UpReferences