Criminal Careers in Transition: The Social Context of Desistance from Crime

Hardcover | August 17, 2014

byStephen Farrall, Ben Hunter, Gilly Sharpe

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Continuing previous work exploring why people stop offending, and the processes by which they are rehabilitated in the community, Criminal Careers in Transition: The Social Context of Desistance from Crime follows the completion of a fifth sweep of interviews with members of a cohort of formerprobationers interviewed since the late-1990s. The research undertaken since the inception of the project in 1996 has focused on developing a long-term evidence base, rather than a rapid assessment, examining whether (and how) probation supervision assists desistance from crime. Building on interviews from previous sweeps, the authors continue their exploration into the needs identified by probation officers and probationers, the extent to which these have been successfully met over the medium to long-term, and whether this suggests that probation helps probationers todesist. The authors argue that probation supervision did indeed help the probationers, but that this had taken a long time to "bear fruit" and was related to other social and personal changes. There is discussion of a number of key topics, including sample members' continued social and personaldevelopment (including the impact of parenthood on them) and their motivation to change and maintain a law-abiding lifestyle, as well as their experiences of dealing with the stigma of a criminal record and the long-term process of "remaking" themselves. This core empirical research and analysis isframed by a comprehensive review of not only the contemporary literature on desistance and reoffending, but also what constitutes a successful and effective research design in this field. Whilst there have been several attempts to develop theories of desistance, few have attempted to understand and theorise the long-term impacts of probation supervision. Criminal Careers in Transition addresses this by building an account of the processes which help to shape the speed, nature, anddirection of an individual's efforts to avoid further offending and, thus, develop a theory of assisted desistance. The book continues the authors' exploration of the emotional trajectories of crime, victimisation, and desistance and the role of citizenship values in pathways out of crime, as wellas original research into the spatial dynamics of desistance.

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Continuing previous work exploring why people stop offending, and the processes by which they are rehabilitated in the community, Criminal Careers in Transition: The Social Context of Desistance from Crime follows the completion of a fifth sweep of interviews with members of a cohort of formerprobationers interviewed since the late-199...

Professor Stephen Farrall is Professor of Criminology in the School of Law at Sheffield University. Criminal Careers in Transition represents the third book in a series of his publications, which have charted the processes associated with desistance from crime for a cohort of ex-probationers, joining previous books: Rethinking What Wo...
Format:HardcoverDimensions:352 pages, 8.5 × 5.43 × 0.1 inPublished:August 17, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199682151

ISBN - 13:9780199682157

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Table of Contents

Part One: What We Did, How We Did It, and Why We Did That Way1. Critically Reviewing What We Know about Why People Stop Offending2. Integrating Structural and Individual-Level Processes in Criminal Careers Research3. The Mechanics of Studying Desistance from Crime: An Exemplar of a Qualitative Longitudinal Research ProjectPart Two: What Ee Discovered4. The Offending Trajectories of Sample Members5. The Long-Term Impacts of Probation Supervision6. The Spatial Dynamics of Desistance7. The Emotional Trajectory of Desistance8. "I'm done with it all": Is Victimisation a Catalyst for Desistance?9. Citizenship Values and Desistance from Crime: Exploring Change Over TimePart Three: What it Means10. Conclusion