Criminal Violence: Patterns, Explanations, and Interventions

Paperback | June 15, 2015

byMarc Riedel, Wayne Welsh

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Criminal Violence: Patterns, Explanations, and Prevention, Fourth Edition, provides a current, comprehensive, and highly accessible overview of major topics, theories, and controversies within the field of criminal violence.Using engaging, straightforward language, Marc Riedel and Wayne Welsh consider diverse theoretical perspectives and present state-of-the-art prevention and intervention methods. In their discussions of various types of violence, the authors employ a consistent and coherent three-part framework thatallows students to see the important relationships between research, theory, and application.

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Criminal Violence: Patterns, Explanations, and Prevention, Fourth Edition, provides a current, comprehensive, and highly accessible overview of major topics, theories, and controversies within the field of criminal violence.Using engaging, straightforward language, Marc Riedel and Wayne Welsh consider diverse theoretical perspectives a...

Marc Riedel is Professor of Sociology at Southeastern Louisiana University. Wayne Welsh is Professor of Criminal Justice at Temple University.
Format:PaperbackDimensions:400 pages, 7.4 × 9.21 × 0.91 inPublished:June 15, 2015Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199386137

ISBN - 13:9780199386130

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Table of Contents

Section I. Introduction1. Violence and Criminal ViolenceDefining ViolenceTurning Violence into Criminal ViolencePerspectives on Criminal Violence-- A Criminological Perspective-- A Criminal Justice Perspective-- Public Health PerspectivesHow Is Criminal Violence Studied?-- Theoretical Perspectives-- Research Methods-- Challenges of Violence ResearchWhat Lies Ahead?-- A Tripartite Approach to Understanding ViolenceConclusionsDiscussion QuestionsSuggested ReadingsReferencesSection II. Tools2. Measures of ViolenceThe Application of Measures of ViolenceOverviewCrime RatesUniform Crime Reports-- Collecting Violent Crime DataNational Incident-Based Reporting System-- Comparing the Uniform Crime Report and the National Incident-Based Reporting SystemNational Crime Victimization Survey-- The Redesign of the National Crime Victimization Survey-- The National Crime Victimization Survey Today-- Strengths and Limitations of the National Crime Victimization Survey-- Limitations of the National Crime Victimization SurveyDiscussion QuestionsSuggested ReadingsReferences3. Violence in Other Times and PlacesViolence in the Early United StatesWhite and Native American Warfare-- The Trail of TearsSlavery, African Americans, and Violence-- LynchingSocial BanditryProhibition-- The Role of Organized CrimeContemporary Trends in Violence-- Impersonalization of Homicide-- Violence in Other PlacesConclusionsDiscussion QuestionsSuggested ReadingsNoteReferencesSection III. Types of Criminal Violence4. Homicides and AssaultsHomicides and Assaults in the United States-- Age, Gender, and Race-- Other CharacteristicsArrest Clearances-- Multiple MurdersTrends-- Trends in Arrest Clearances-- Trends in Serial HomicideExplanations-- Symbolic Interaction-- Subcultural Theories-- Explaining the Characteristics of Arrest Clearances-- Explaining Serial HomicidesInterventions-- Increasing Clearance Rates-- Apprehending Serial KillersConclusionsDiscussion QuestionsSuggested ReadingsReferences5. RobberyPatterns and TrendsExplanations-- Strain Theory and Differential Opportunity Theory-- Control Theory-- Differential Association Theory-- Symbolic Interaction Theory-- Feminist Theory-- Routine Activities TheoryInterventionsCriminal Justice Approaches-- Opportunity Reduction StrategiesConclusionsDiscussion QuestionsSuggested ReadingsNoteReferences6. Rapes and Sexual AssaultsDefinitionsPatterns and Trends-- Characteristics of Victims, Offenders, and OffensesExplanations-- Psychiatric Perspectives-- Feminist Theories-- Social Cognitive Theories-- Multifactor TheoriesInterventions-- Rape Law Reform-- Incarceration-- Sex Offender Notification and Registration Laws-- Victim Resistance-- Victim Services-- Sexual Violence Education-- Sex Offender Treatment ProgramsConclusionsDiscussion QuestionsSuggested ReadingsNotesReferences7. Hate CrimesDefinitionsPatterns and TrendsExplanations-- Group Conflict Theories-- Strain Theory-- Social Learning TheoryInterventions-- Law Enforcement Responses-- Hate Crime Legislation-- Civil Lawsuits-- Educational StrategiesConclusionsDiscussion QuestionsSuggested ReadingsNotesReferencesSection IV. Violence in Specific Settings and Contexts8. Intimate Violence"People Hit Family Members Because They Can"Patterns and Risks-- Intimate Partner Violence-- Violence Toward Family MembersTrends-- Intimate Partners-- Child KillingsExplanations-- Intimate Partner Violence-- Violence Toward ChildrenInterventions-- Reducing Intimate Partner Violence-- Reducing Family ViolenceConclusion: Is It Time for Another Look?Discussion QuestionsSuggested ReadingsReferences9. Workplace ViolenceIntroduction-- Multiplier EffectsPatterns and Trends-- Types of Workplace Violence-- Nonfatal Workplace Violence-- Workplace Homicides-- "Going Postal"Explanations-- Routine Activities-- Rational Choice and Aggression in the WorkplaceInterventions-- Prevention Policies and Strategies-- Empirical EvidenceDiscussion QuestionsSuggested ReadingsReferences10. School ViolencePatterns and Trends-- Fear and Avoidance-- School Security Responses-- School Incidents and Disciplinary Actions-- Student Victimization-- Teacher Victimization-- Self-Reported School ViolenceExplanations of School Disorder-- Individual Explanations-- School-Level Theories-- Community and Multilevel Explanations of School DisorderInterventions-- School-Based Violence Prevention: What Works?-- The National Study of Delinquency Prevention in Schools-- Examples of School-Based Prevention ProgramsConclusionsDiscussion QuestionsSuggested ReadingsReferences11. Gangs and Gang ViolencePatterns and Trends-- Growth and Change in Gangs-- Gang Organization and ViolenceExplanations-- Strain Theories-- Cultural Deviance-- Social Control-- Interactional TheoryInterventions-- Reducing Gang Violence in Boston-- Pulling Levers in Other JurisdictionsConclusionsDiscussion QuestionsSuggested ReadingsReferences12. The Role of Firearms in ViolencePatterns and Trends-- Crimes Involving Firearms-- Victims-- Characteristics of Offenders-- Firearm Acquisition, Ownership, and UseExplanations-- Symbolic Interaction Theory-- Routine Activities and Illegal Markets-- Cultural Theories and Firearm Availability-- Media ViolenceInterventions-- Disrupting Illegal Gun Markets-- Gun Control Legislation-- Right-to-Carry Laws-- Firearm Injury Prevention ProgramsConclusionsDiscussion QuestionsSuggested ReadingsNoteReferences13. The Role of Drugs and Alcohol in ViolencePatternsExplanations-- Biological and Psychological Effects-- Routine Activities-- Cultural Explanations-- Structural Explanations-- Situational ExplanationsInterventions-- Criminal Justice Approaches-- Public Health ApproachesConclusionsDiscussion QuestionsSuggested ReadingsNotesReferences14. TerrorismDefinitionsPatterns and Trends-- A Brief History of Terrorism-- State-Sponsored Terrorism-- Terrorist Tactics-- Types of Terrorists-- Terrorist IncidentsExplanations-- Strain Theory-- Social Learning Theory-- Conflict TheoryInterventions-- The 9/11 Report-- The Patriot Act-- Military Action-- Diplomacy and International CooperationConclusionsDiscussion QuestionsSuggested ReadingsNotesReferencesSection V. Conclusion15. Prevention and Punishment: A Delicate BalanceCriminal Justice Approaches-- Criminal Justice Goals-- The Death Penalty-- Three-Strikes Laws-- The Limits of PunishmentPublic Health Approaches to Punishment and Prevention-- The Multilevel Risk Approach-- Evidence-Based Practices and Programs-- Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention's Comprehensive Strategy for Serious, Violent, and Chronic Juvenile Offenders-- Community-Based Approaches-- Blueprints for Healthy Youth DevelopmentWhen Violent Crime Goes Down, Do We Know Why?ConclusionsDiscussion QuestionsSuggested ReadingsReferences

Editorial Reviews

"This text is a sober and scholarly look at a social problem that many competitor texts tend to treat like a three-ring circus." --Christopher Schreck, Rochester Institute of Technology