Criminology: A Sociological Approach by Piers BeirneCriminology: A Sociological Approach by Piers Beirne

Criminology: A Sociological Approach

byPiers Beirne, James W. Messerschmidt

Paperback | September 24, 2014

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Ideal for undergraduate courses in criminology - especially those taught from a critical perspective - Criminology: A Sociological Approach, Sixth Edition, is a comprehensive yet highly accessible introduction to the study of crime and criminological theory. Authors Piers Beirne and James W.Messerschmidt present the topic from a sociological standpoint, emphasizing the social construction of crime and showing how crime relates to gender, class, race, and age. Providing students with a strong theoretical foundation, the book also addresses historical, feminist, and comparativeperspectives and highlights the major types of crime and victimization patterns.THE TEXT IS DIVIDED INTO THREE PARTS:* Part I focuses on four questions: "What is crime?" "How are perceptions of it influenced by the mass media and by fear of crime?" "How can we measure how much crime there is in the United States?" and finally, "How often does crime occur and with what degrees of seriousness?"* Part II is a systematic guide to modern criminological theory and its historical development* Part III examines specific types of crime, including property crime, interpersonal violence, white-collar crime, and political crime, and it concludes with a chapter on comparative criminology and globalizationThe sixth edition features new and up-to-date empirical data and also covers areas not included in many criminology texts, like cultural criminology, green criminology, whiteness and crime, the rape-war connection, Ponzi schemes, domestic right-wing terrorism, and state-sanctioned torture.
Piers Beirne is Professor of Sociology and Legal Studies in the Department of Criminology at the University of Southern Maine. James W. Messerschmidt is Professor of Sociology and Women and Gender Studies in the Department of Criminology at the University of Southern Maine.
Title:Criminology: A Sociological ApproachFormat:PaperbackDimensions:480 pages, 9.21 × 7.52 × 0.31 inPublished:September 24, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199334641

ISBN - 13:9780199334643

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Table of Contents

Brief ContentsList of Boxes, Figures, and TablesPrefaceAbout the AuthorsPart I Introduction to Criminology1. The Problem of CrimePreviewKey Terms1.1 Images of CrimeCrime as a Social ProblemCrime and the Culture of FearCrime in the Mass MediaNewsmaking Criminology1.2 Crime, Criminal Law, and CriminalizationCrime as a Legal CategoryLaw and StateLaw and Criminalization1.3 Crime as a Sociological ProblemCrime as a Violation of Conduct NormsCrime as Social Harm and Analogous Social InjuryCrime as a Violation of RightsCrime and DevianceCrime, Globalization, and Global Conduct NormsAssessmentReviewQuestions for Class DiscussionFor Further Study2. The Measurement of CrimePreviewKey Terms2.1 Caution: Data Do Not Speak for Themselves!2.2 Official Crime DataPolice-Based Data: Uniform Crime Reports (UCR)Police-Based Data: National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS)Evaluation of the UCRVictimization Data: National Crime Victimization Surveys (NCVS)Evaluation of the NCVSFederal Data on White-Collar Crime, Corporate Crime, and Internet Crime2.3 Unofficial Crime DataSelf-Report DataLife-Course DataLife-History DataCriminal BiographiesObservation Research and Participant Observation ResearchComparative and Historical ResearchAssessmentReviewQuestions for Class DiscussionWeb ExercisesFor Further StudyPart II Criminological Theory3. Inventing Criminology: Classicism, Positivism, and BeyondPreviewKey Terms3.1 The Enlightenment and Classical CriminologyBeccaria: Of Crimes and Punishments (1764)Bentham: Punishment and the PanopticonToward the Disciplinary Society3.2 The Emergence of Positivist CriminologyThe Crisis of Classicism: The Dangerous ClassesQuetelet's Social Mechanics of Crime3.3 Criminal Anthropology: Lombroso's "Born Criminal"Lombroso's Criminal Man (1876)Goring's The English Convict (1913)3.4 Neoclassical CriminologyPenal DilemmasNeoclassical CompromisesAssessment: Classicism and Positivism TodayReviewQuestions for Class DiscussionFor Further Study4. Social Structure, Anomie, and CrimePreviewKey Terms4.1 Durkheim's Sociology of Law and CrimeLaw and Social SolidarityThe Nature of CrimeAnomie, Egoism, and CrimeThe Evolution of PunishmentEvaluation of Durkheim4.2 Social Structure, Anomie, and DevianceMerton's Typology of Modes of Individual AdaptationEvaluation of Merton4.3 Revised Strain TheoryAgnew's General Strain TheoryEvaluation of General Strain TheoryMessner and Rosenfeld's Institutional Anomie TheoryEvaluation of Institutional Anomie TheoryReviewQuestions for Class DiscussionFor Further Study5. Delinquent Subcultures, Subcultures of Delinquency, and the Labeling PerspectivePreviewKey Terms5.1 The Chicago School of Criminology: Social Disorganization and DelinquencyShaw and McKay's Juvenile Delinquency and Urban Areas (1942)Evaluation of the Chicago School5.2 Delinquent SubculturesA. K. Cohen's Delinquent Boys (1955)Delinquency and Lower-Class CultureDelinquency and OpportunityEvaluation of Subcultural Theory5.3 Matza's Delinquency and Drift (1964)The Positive DelinquentThe Subculture of DelinquencyDelinquency and DriftEvaluation of Delinquency and Drift5.4 The Labeling PerspectiveThe Social Meaning of DevianceSocietal ReactionPrimary and Secondary DevianceDeviance AmplificationStigmatizationEvaluation of Labeling TheoryReviewQuestions for Class DiscussionFor Further Study6. Social Learning Theory and Social Control TheoryPreviewKey Terms6.1 Differential AssociationEvaluation of Differential Association6.2 Social Learning TheoryDifferential ReinforcementEvaluation of Social Learning Theory6.3 Social Control TheoryEvaluation of Social Control Theory6.4 Self-Control TheoryGottfredson and Hirschi's Theory of Self-ControlEvaluation of Self-Control Theory6.5 Control Balance TheoryEvaluation of Control Balance TheoryReviewQuestions for Class DiscussionFor Further Study7. The Conflict TraditionPreveiwKeywords7.1 Marxism, Law, and CrimeKey Concepts of MarxismState and LawCriminalization as a Violation of RightsCrime and DemoralizationEvaluation of Marxism7.2 Conflict TheoryCrime and CriminalizationCriminal Law and CrimeToward an Integrated Conflict TheoryEvaluation of Conflict Theory7.3 Radical CriminologyLeft RealismEvaluation of Radical CriminologyReviewQuestions for Class DiscussionFor Further Study8. Feminist and Critical CriminologiesPreviewKey Terms8.1 Feminist CriminologiesThe First PhaseThe Second PhaseEvaluation of Feminist Criminologies8.2 Critical CriminologiesConstitutive CriminologyCultural CriminologyCritical Humanist CriminologiesGreen CriminologyEvaluation of Critical CriminologiesReviewQuestions for Class DiscussionFor Further StudyPart III Inequalities and Crime9. Inequality, Crime, and VictimizationPreviewKey Terms9.1 Class and CrimePatterns of Crime and VictimizationClass and Varieties of Crime9.2 Gender and CrimePatterns of Crime and VictimizationGender and Varieties of Crime9.3 Race and CrimePatterns of Crime and VictimizationRace and Varieties of Crime9.4 Age and CrimePatterns of Crime and VictimizationAge and Varieties of CrimeReviewQuestions for Class DiscussionFor Further Study10. Property CrimePreviewKey Terms10.1 Robbery and BurglaryRobberyTypologies of RobberyRobbery as TransactionRobbers on RobberyBurglaryBurglars on Burglary10.2 Varieties of LarcenyShopliftingMotor Vehicle TheftFraud10.3 Dealing and DamageFencingArsonReviewQuestions for Class DiscussionFor Further Study11. Interpersonal ViolencePreviewKey Terms11.1 Murder, Assault, Hate Crimes, and RapeMurder and Aggravated AssaultHate CrimesRape11.2 Interpersonal Violence in the FamilyHeterosexual Wife Rape and BatteringGay and Lesbian Partner BatteringChild and Elder AbuseAnimal Abuse11.3 Interpersonal Violence in the WorkplaceMurder and AssaultSexual HarassmentReviewQuestions for Class DiscussionFor Further Study12. White-Collar CrimePreviewKey Terms12.1 Occupational CrimeOccupational TheftOccupational Fraud12.2 Corporate CrimeCorporate ViolenceCorporate Theft12.3 Transnational Corporate CrimeBriberyDumpingDangerous Working ConditionsReviewQuestions for Class DiscussionFor Further Study13. Political CrimePreviewKey Terms13.1 Political Crimes Against the StateViolent Political Crimes Against the StateNonviolent Political Crimes Against the State13.2 Domestic Political Crimes by the StateState CorruptionState Political RepressionState-Corporate Crime13.3 Transnational Political Crimes by the StateState TerrorismThe State, Terrorism, and GlobalizationReviewQuestions for Class DiscussionFor Further Study14. Comparative CriminologyPreviewKey Terms14.1 Approaching Comparative CriminologyThe Goal(s) of Comparative CriminologyTransnational CrimeCultural RelativismA Case Study of Comparative Sexual DevianceToward Uniform Cross-National Crime StatisticsEvaluation of Comparative Criminology14.2 Comparative Crime and Victimization DataCross-National Crime DataCross-National Victimization Data14.3 Cross-National Generalizations Regarding CrimeCountries with Low Crime RatesModernization and CrimeGlobalization and CrimeAmerican Exceptionalism: Crime and Incarceration in Comparative PerspectiveReviewQuestions for Class DiscussionFor Further StudyGlossaryReferencesAuthor IndexSubject Index

Editorial Reviews

"Beirne and Messerschmidt clearly offer far more in the way of examples and case studies than my current text. The book is very user-friendly, and will appeal visually to today's students." --Laura Hansen, Western New England University