Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government

Paperback | April 1, 1999

EditorPippa Norris

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Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government analyses a series of interrelated questions. The first two are diagnostic: how far are there legitimate grounds for concern about public support for democracy world-wide? Are trends towards growing cynicism evident in the UnitedStates evident in many established and newer democracies? The second concern is analytical: what are the main political, economic, and cultural factors driving the dynamics of support for democratic government? The final questions are prescriptive: what are the consequences of this analysis and whatare the implications for strengthening democratic governance? This book has brought together a distinguished group of international scholars who develop a global analysis of these issues that looks at trends in establishes and newer democracies as we approach the end of the twentieth century. It also presents the first results of the 1995-7 World ValuesStudy as well as drawing on an extensive range of comparative empirical evidence. Challenging the conventional wisdom, this original and stimulating book concludes that accounts of a democratic `crisis' are greatly exaggerated. By the mid-1990s most citizens world-wide shared widespread aspirations to the ideals and principles of democratic government. At the same time thereremains a marked gap between evaluations of the ideal and the practice of democracy. The public in many newer democracies in Central and Eastern Europe and in Latin America proved deeply critical of the performance of their governing regimes. And in many established democracies the 1980s saw adecline in public confidence in the core institutions of representative democracy including parliaments, the legal system, and political parties. The book considers the causes and consequences of the development of critical citizens. It will prove invaluable for those interested in comparativepolitics, public opinion, and the dynamics of the democratization process. ADVANCE PRAISE `The great democratic paradox of the 1990s is that it has simultaneously been the decade of democratization and the decade of growing distrust of democratic institutions. This volume admirably dissects the complex and multi-dimensional background of these conflicting trends, and presents ajudicious evaluation of the grounds of optimism and pessimism--in which, fortunately, the former prevails.' AREND LIJPHART, University of California San Diego `Critical Citizens is the most comprehensive collection of comparative work on confidence in government and sources of public support for democracy. I strongly recommend it.' SEYMOUR MARTIN LIPSET, George mason University `Pippa Norris and her colleagues examine claims and counter-claims about the erosion of public confidence in democracy, describe the depth and dynamics of trust in government, and lay out a broad and differentiated approach to the phenomenon. They sort out the rather high degree of support fordemocracy from widespread uneasiness with the workings of instituions and with the behaviour of politicians. Their book is must reading for survey researchers and comparative students of democracy alike.' SIDNEY TARROW, Cornell University `This is the most impressive comparative study of how citizens in contemporay democracies relate to their governments. In an age of expanding democratic institutions around the globe, the authors of Critical Citizens capture the reader's interest and provide a masterful update on one of thecritical issues of our time.' CHRISTOPHER J. ANDERSON, Binghamton University (SUNY) `It is the Civic Culture study 40 years later . . .Critical Citizens is a landmark comparative study of trends in attitudes toward nation, government regime, political institutions, and leaders, in some forty regionally well-distributed countries, bringing together the resaerch of a cross-nationalteam of social scientists, led by Pippa Norris of the Harvard Kennedy School. It is full of theoretically interesting insights, as well as findings that have an important bearing on public policy.' GABRIEL ALMOND, Stanford

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From the Publisher

Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government analyses a series of interrelated questions. The first two are diagnostic: how far are there legitimate grounds for concern about public support for democracy world-wide? Are trends towards growing cynicism evident in the UnitedStates evident in many established and newer demo...

Pippa Norris is at Kennedy School of Government.

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Format:PaperbackPublished:April 1, 1999Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198295685

ISBN - 13:9780198295686

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Table of Contents

Foreword by Joseph Nye, Jr.1. Pippa Norris: Introduction: The Growth of Critical CitizensSECTION ONE: Cross-National Trends in Confidence in Governance2. Hans-Dieter Klingemann: Mapping Political Support in the 1990s: A Global Analysis3. Russell J. Dalton: Political Support in Advanced Industrial Democracies4. William Mishler and Richard Rose: Five Years after the Fall: Trajectories of Support for Democracy in Post-Communist EuropeSECTION TWO: Testing Theories with Case-Studies5. Soren Holmberg: Down and Down We Go: Political Trust in Sweden6. Dieter Fuchs: The Democratic Culture of Unified Germany7. Richard Rose, Doh C. Shin, and Neil Munro: Tensions Between the Democratic Ideal and Reality: South KoreaSECTION THREE: Explanations of Trends8. Kenneth Newton: Social and Political Trust in Establishes Democracies9. Ian McAllister: The Economic Performance of Governments10. Arthur Miller and Ola Listhaug: Political performance and Institutional Trust11. Pippa Norris: Institutional Explanations of Political Support12. Ronald Inglehart: Postmodernization, Authority, and Democracy13. Pippa Norris: Conclusions: The Growth of Critical Citizens and its ConsequencesBibliography

Editorial Reviews

`Pippa Norris has edited an excellent collection of essays because she has provided a very inspiring point of departure and has successfully coordinated the writing of her first-rate contributors ... Timely and important.'Gianfranco Pasquino, West European Politics, Vol.23,No.3.