Critical Loads and Dynamic Risk Assessments: Nitrogen, Acidity and Metals in Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecosystems by Wim de VriesCritical Loads and Dynamic Risk Assessments: Nitrogen, Acidity and Metals in Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecosystems by Wim de Vries

Critical Loads and Dynamic Risk Assessments: Nitrogen, Acidity and Metals in Terrestrial and…

byWim de VriesEditorJean-Paul Hettelingh, Maximilian Posch

Hardcover | May 5, 2015

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This book provides a unique overview of research methods over the past 25 years assessing critical loads and temporal effects of the deposition of air pollutants. It includes critical load methods and applications addressing acidification, eutrophication and heavy metal pollution of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Applications include examples for each air pollution threat, both at local and regional scale, including Europe, Asia, Canada and the US. The book starts with background information on the effects of the deposition of sulphur, nitrogen and heavy metals and geochemical and biological indicators for risk assessments. The use of those indicators is then illustrated in the assessment of critical loads and their exceedances and in the temporal assessment of air pollution risks. It also includes the most recent developments of assessing critical loads and current and future risks of soil and water chemistry and biodiversity under climate change, with a special focus on nitrogen. The book thus provides a complete overview of the knowledge that is currently used for the scientific support of policies in the field of air pollution control to protect ecosystem services.
Wim de Vries holds a Ph.D. in Soil Chemistry and worked from 1983-88 at the Netherlands Soil Survey Institute on the accumulation and leaching of nutrients, aluminium and acidity in soils in response to changed inputs. From 1989-1999 he worked at the DLO-Winand Staring Centre, mainly concentrating on critical loads of nitrogen and acid...
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Title:Critical Loads and Dynamic Risk Assessments: Nitrogen, Acidity and Metals in Terrestrial and…Format:HardcoverDimensions:662 pagesPublished:May 5, 2015Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:940179507X

ISBN - 13:9789401795074

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Table of Contents

1. The history and current state of critical loads and dynamic modelling assessments

Part I Assessment of indicators for air pollutant impacts

2. Geochemical indicators for use in the computation of critical loads and dynamic risk assessments

3. Plant species diversity indicators for use in the computation of critical loads and dynamic risk assessments

Part II Empirical and model based critical loads and target loads

4. Effects and empirical critical loads of nitrogen for Europe

5. Effects and empirical critical loads of nitrogen for ecoregions of the United States

6. Mass balance models to derive critical loads of nitrogen and acidity for terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems

7. Mass balance approaches to assess critical loads and target loads of metals for terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems

Part III Dynamic modeling for the assessment of air pollution impacts at site scale

8. Dynamic geochemical models to assess deposition impacts and target loads of acidity for soils and surface waters

9. Dynamic geochemical models to assess deposition impacts of metals for soils and surface waters

10. Use of combined biogeochemical model approaches and empirical data to assess critical loads of nitrogen

11. Field survey based models for exploring nitrogen and acidity effects on plant species diversity and assessing long-term critical loads

12. Use of an integrated soil-vegetation model to assess impacts of atmospheric deposition and climate change on plant species diversity

13. Evaluation of plant-responses to atmospheric nitrogen deposition in France using integrated soil-vegetation models

14. Use of an empirical model approach for modelling trends of ecological sustainability

Part IV Critical loads and dynamic model applications on a regional scale

15. Assessment of critical loads of sulphur and nitrogen and their exceedances for terrestrial ecosystems in the Northern Hemisphere

16. Critical load assessments for sulphur and nitrogen for soils and surface waters in China

17. Assessment of critical loads of acidity and their exceedances for European lakes

18. National-scale dynamic model applications for Nordic lake catchments

19. Critical load assessments and dynamic model applications for lakes in North America

20. Critical loads and critical limits of cadmium, copper, lead and zinc and their exceedances for terrestrial ecosystems in the United Kingdom

21. Critical loads of cadmium, lead and mercury and their exceedances in Europe

22. Derivation of critical loads of nitrogen for habitat types and their exceedances in the Netherlands

23. Assessing the impacts of nitrogen deposition on plant species richness in Europe

Part V Integrated assessment policy applications and synthesis

24. Integrated assessment of impacts of atmospheric deposition and climate change on forest ecosystem services in Europe

25. Effects-based integrated assessment modelling for the support of European air pollution abatement policies

26. Synthesis

Appendix: Direct impacts on ecosystems and human health induced by exposure to ambient concentrations of air pollutants and related critical levels