Critical Thinking: An Introduction to Analytical Reading and Reasoning

Paperback | November 12, 2012

byLarry Wright

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Now in its second edition, Critical Thinking: An Introduction to Analytical Reading and Reasoning provides a nontechnical vocabulary and analytic apparatus that guide students in identifying and articulating the central patterns found in reasoning and in expository writing more generally.Understanding these patterns of reasoning helps students to better analyze, evaluate, and construct arguments and to more easily comprehend the full range of everyday arguments found in ordinary journalism.Critical Thinking, Second Edition, distinguishes itself from other texts in the field by emphasizing analytical reading as an essential skill. It also provides detailed coverage of argument analysis, diagnostic arguments, diagnostic patterns, and fallacies.Opening with two chapters on analytical reading that help students recognize what makes reasoning explicitly different from other expository activities, the text then presents an interrogative model of argument to guide them in the analysis and evaluation of reasoning. This model allows a detailedarticulation of "inference to the best explanation" and gives students a view of the pervasiveness of this form of reasoning. The author demonstrates how many common argument types - from correlations to sampling - can be analyzed using this articulated form. He then extends the model to deal withseveral predictive and normative arguments and to display the value of the fallacy vocabulary.Ideal for introductory courses in critical thinking, critical reasoning, informal logic, and inductive reasoning, Critical Thinking, Second Edition, features hundreds of exercises throughout and includes worked-out solutions and additional exercises (without solutions) at the end of each chapter. AnInstructor's Manual - offering solutions to the text's unanswered exercises and featuring other pedagogical aids - is available on the book's Companion Website at www.oup.com/us/wright.

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Now in its second edition, Critical Thinking: An Introduction to Analytical Reading and Reasoning provides a nontechnical vocabulary and analytic apparatus that guide students in identifying and articulating the central patterns found in reasoning and in expository writing more generally.Understanding these patterns of reasoning helps ...

Larry Wright is Professor of Philosophy at the University of California, Riverside, where he has taught since 1970. He is the author of Practical Reasoning (1989), Better Reasoning: Techniques for Handling Argument, Evidence and Abstraction (1982), and Teleological Explanations: An Etiological Analysis of Goals and Functions (1976).

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:400 pages, 9.25 × 7.5 × 0.68 inPublished:November 12, 2012Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019979622X

ISBN - 13:9780199796229

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Table of Contents

Chapters 1 and 4-8 open with an Introduction.Each chapter ends with Supplemental Exercises and Answers.PrefacePART ONE. PARAPHRASING1. The Bare Bones ParaphraseThe Concept of ParaphraseReading and ParaphraseTechnique and VocabularyHuman UnderstandingSubtler IssuesTwo Principles of ParaphrasingThings to Keep in Mind2. Reading for Structure: Dependency and SubordinationComplexityTechnique and VocabularyUseful PatternsTricks for Tough CasesSystematic FeaturesTrial and Error Exercise3. Reading for Reasoning: Paraphrasing ArgumentsReading for a Particular PurposeReading for ReasoningA Shortcut: Schematizing Directly from a PassageCharitable SchematizingPART TWO. ANALYZING REASONING4. Argument Analysis: Answering QuestionsThe Purpose of AnalysisThe Fundamental Concepts: Questions and AnswersRefining the Apparatus and Exercising Our SkillsEvaluating Arguments: How Good Are the Reasons?Interim Summary: What We Have Learned So FarDealing with Disagreement5. Diagnostic Arguments: Reasoning by ExplainingDiagnostic QuestionsDiagnostic ConceptsObjects and ResourcesRefinementsDiagnostic Investigation6. Diagnostic PatternsCause and CorrelationTestimonySamplingCounting Cases: Induction by EnumerationCircumstantial Evidence7. Further Applications: Prediction and RecommendationPredictionRecommendation8. FallaciesFallacies of ConstructionCritical FallaciesAPPENDIX. DEDUCTIONIntroductionSemantic ConflictSemantic EvaluationDeductive ArgumentsStructureTests and CriteriaRelative StrengthSummaryGlossary of Important TermsIndex