Critical Thinking by Andrew Lawless

Critical Thinking

byAndrew Lawless

Paperback | August 13, 2013

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Critical Thinking offers a comprehensive and accessible approach to recognizing, constructing, and evaluating logical arguments. Direct and engaging, Lawless's narrative succinctly introduces readers to such essential topic as deductive and inductive reasoning, sentential logic and syllogisms,fallacies and biases, validity and soundness, and the scientific method. Brimming with indispensable examples, exercises, and advice, Critical Thinking helps students build the knowledge and skills they need to think critically and reason well, both in their academic studies and in their everydaylives.

About The Author

Andrew Lawless is a visiting professor and associate fellow of Victoria College at the University of Toronto. He has published articles on political philosophy in the Canadian Journal of Political and Social Theory as well as a book, Plato's Sun (University of Toronto Press, 2005).
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Platos Sun: An Introduction to Philosophy
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Details & Specs

Title:Critical ThinkingFormat:PaperbackDimensions:376 pages, 9 × 7 × 0.77 inPublished:August 13, 2013Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195443403

ISBN - 13:9780195443400

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Table of Contents

1. Getting into ArgumentsThe Basics of Critical ThinkingArguments and ExplanationsReports on Arguments and CounterargumentsExtracting and Editing ArgumentsIdentifying Implicit AssumptionsThe Principle of Charity2. Diagramming ArgumentsIndependent and Co-dependent PremisesArguments with Both Independent and Co-dependent PremisesImplicit AssumptionsMore Difficult ArgumentsWordy Arguments3. Where Arguments Go WrongRhetoric and Informal Fallacies of RelevanceFallacies of Exaggerated RelevanceRhetoric and Loaded TermsSocial BiasesCognitive Biases4. Constructing ArgumentsTwo Guides to Good ReasoningThe Three Laws of ReasonIntroducing Deduction5. Sentential LogicIdentifying SentencesConnecting Sentences: Logical ConstantsSyllogismsSome Tricky ReadingsLonger and More Complicated Arguments6. Testing for ValidityTruth TablesSome More on EquivalentsDoing Validity Tests with Truth TablesThe Short MethodNatural DeductionAppendix: How to Write Truth Tables7. Induction: The BasicsWhat Is Induction?Abduction and Analogy8. Induction: Some ApplicationsAssessing ProbabilityCasual ArgumentsMethods of Induction9. The Scientific MethodAn Overview of the IssuesThe Scientific MethodThe Scientific Method RevisedAnswer KeyGlossary of FallaciesGlossary of TermsIndexNote: All chapters include:- In-chapter exercises- Summary

Editorial Reviews

"This book is clearly written and approachable . . . with lots of examples and helpful exercises. It offers close, unusually detailed guidance which other texts dealing with the same topics do not provide." --Robert Fahrnkopf, Douglas College