Crosscurrents of Childrens Literature: An Anthology of Texts and Criticism

Paperback | October 13, 2006

EditorJ. D. Stahl, Tina L. Hanlon, Elizabeth Lennox Keyser

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Does children's literature portray the authentic perspectives of children, or does it present the views of the adults who write, sell, and review the books? How does it demonstrate the ways in which perceptions of childhood have developed over the centuries? How are issues of censorship andfreedom of speech brought to light in children's books?Addressing these and many other issues, Crosscurrents of Children's Literature: An Anthology of Texts and Criticism is the only anthology of classic and contemporary readings in children's literature to combine primary works with related critical essays. Organized thematically around modern criticaldebates, the selections explore how children's literature integrates instruction and entertainment, oral and written traditions, realism and fantasy, words and pictures, classics and adaptations, and perspectives on childhood and adult life. Illuminating the rich diversity of children's literaturestudies, the book incorporates approaches from several different fields including psychology, education, history, cultural studies, and literary criticism. It spans a wide range of literary periods and genres, balancing contemporary and historical texts, excerpts and longer selections, traditionaland nontraditional materials, and English and translated works. The volume includes Native American and African American writings and offers insights into a variety of cultural and ethnic traditions. It is enhanced by introductory essays, illustrations, an alternate table of contents organized bygenre, a timeline, and a bibliography of critical works. An Instructor's Manual and a Website ( provide additional helpful resources.Examining how literary forms and genres, diverse influences, and evolving attitudes toward childhood have shaped the field of children's literature, Crosscurrents of Children's Literature: An Anthology of Texts and Criticism encourages students and other readers to challenge common assumptions aboutchildren, childhood, and children's books.

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Does children's literature portray the authentic perspectives of children, or does it present the views of the adults who write, sell, and review the books? How does it demonstrate the ways in which perceptions of childhood have developed over the centuries? How are issues of censorship andfreedom of speech brought to light in children...

J. D. Stahl is at Virginia Tech. Tina L. Hanlon is at Ferrum College.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:1080 pages, 7.52 × 9.09 × 1.69 inPublished:October 13, 2006Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195134931

ISBN - 13:9780195134933

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Table of Contents

Alternate Table of Contents by GenrePreface"BOOK" by George Ella Lyon (b. 1949)PART 1. TO TEACH OR TO ENTERTAIN?C. S. Lewis (1898-1963): "On Three Ways of Writing for Children"Sheila Egoff (1918-2005): "Precepts, Pleasures, and Portents: Changing Emphases in Children's Literature"John Rowe Townsend (b. 1922): "Didacticism in Modern Dress"Aelfric (c. 955-c. 1010): "Carius est nobis flagellari pro doctrina quam nescire"Charles Perrault (1628-1703): "Little Red Riding-Hood""The Master Cat, or Puss in Boots""Blue Beard"Sarah Trimmer (1741-1810): "On the Care Which Is Requisite in the Choice of Books for Children"Review of The History of Little Goody Two ShoesReview of Nursery TalesIsaac Watts (1674-1748): "Against Idleness and Mischief""The Sluggard""Obedience to Parents"Robert Southey (1774-1843): "The Old Man's Comforts and How He Gained Them"Maria Edgeworth (1767-1849): "The Purple Jar""The Birthday Present"Jane Taylor (1783-1824): "The Little Fisherman"Jane Taylor (1783-1824) and Ann Taylor Gilbert (1782-1866): Mary Botham Howitt (1799-1888): "The Spider and the Fly"Peter Parley (Samuel Griswold Goodrich, 1793-1860): "The Pleasure Boat: or, The Broken Promise"Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-64): From A Wonder Book for Boys and GirlsTanglewood Play-RoomThe Paradise of ChildrenJacob Abbott (1803-79): "Notice to Parents"From Rollo Learning to TalkFeeding the ChickensThe Dog in the WaterThe Great Black BearLewis Carroll (1832-98): From Alice's Adventures in WonderlandChapter 1. Down the Rabbit-HoleChapter 2. The Pool of TearsChapter 5. Advice from a CaterpillarChapter 10. The Lobster QuadrilleFrom Chapter 12. Alice's EvidenceFrom Through the Looking GlassChapter 4. Tweedledum and TweedledeeLouisa May Alcott (1832-88): From Little WomenChapter 8. Jo Meets ApollyonMark Twain (1835-1910): From The Adventures of Tom SawyerChapter 12. Tom Shows His GenerosityElizabeth Enright (1909-68): From The SaturdaysSaturday TwoBeverly Cleary (b. 1916): From Ramona the PestChapter 1. Ramona's Great DayGary Paulsen (b. 1939): From The IslandR. L. Stine (b. 1943): From Be Careful What You Wish For . . .Floyd Cooper (b. 1956): Coming Home: From the Life of Langston Hughes: Langston Hughes (1902-67): "Aunt Sue's Stories""Mother to Son"Lucille Clifton (b. 1936): "Elevator""Under the Rainbow"Further Recommended ReadingC.S. Lewis (1898-1963), The Lion, the Witch and the WardrobeLouise Fitzhugh (1928-74), Harriet the SpyPART 2. SUBJECTION OF THE CHILD OR SUBVERSION OF ADULT AUTHORITY?Alison Lurie (b. 1926): "A Child's Garden of Subversion"Marina Warner (b. 1946): "Little Angels, Little Monsters: Keeping Childhood Innocent"John Huddlestone Wynne (1743-88): "Of the Danger of Pleasure"William Wordsworth (1770-1850): "Ode: Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood"Jacob Grimm (1785-1863) and Wilhelm Grimm (1786-1859): "The Frog King, or Iron Henry""Hansel and Gretel""Mother Holle"Hans Christian Andersen (1805-75): "The Emperor's New Clothes"Heinrich Hoffmann (1809-94): "The Sad Tale of the Match-Box"Thomas Bailey Aldrich (1836-1907): From The Story of a Bad BoyChapter 7. One Memorable NightChapter 8. The Adventures of a FourthL. M. Montgomery (1874-1942): From Anne of Green GablesChapter 10. Anne's ApologyAstrid Lindgren (1907-2002): From Pippi LongstockingChapter 3. Pippi Plays Tag with Some PolicemenNina Mikkelsen (b. 1942): "Insiders, Outsiders, and the Question of Authenticity: Who Shall Write for African American Children?"Mette Newth (b. 1942): From The Abduction"On Writing The Abduction"Gudrun Pausewang (b. 1928): From The Final JourneyLibby Hathorn (b. 1943): "Up Taree Way"Further Recommended ReadingMildred Taylor (b. 1943), Roll of Thunder, Hear My CryPART 3. ORAL AND WRITTEN LITERARY TRADITIONSAshanti Tribe (Africa): "How Spider Obtained the Sky-God's Stories"Anne Pellowski (b. 1933): From The World of StorytellingChapter 1. History and Definition of StorytellingChapter 4. Folk StorytellingChapter 15. Visuality, Orality, Literacy: Their Meaning in Relation to Storytelling for Entertainment, Education, and HealthKay F. Stone (b. 1939): "Oral Narration in Contemporary North America"Bruno Bettelheim (1903-90): "Reflections: The Uses of Enchantment"Maria Tatar (b. 1945): "Reading Fairy Tales"John Langstaff (1920-2005): "The Oral Tradition: Alive, Alive-oh"Iona Opie (b. 1923) and Peter Opie (1918-92): From The Oxford Dictionary of Nursery Rhymes"Pat-a-cake""One, Two, Buckle My Shoe""Thirty Days Hath September""Hey Diddle Diddle""Mary, Mary, Quite Contrary""Sing a Song of Sixpence""Jack and Jill""Ladybird, Ladybird""London Bridge""Mary Had a Little Lamb""There Was an Old Woman Who Lived in a Shoe""Three Blind Mice""Little Jack Horner""Little Boy Blue""I See the Moon""The House that Jack Built""Humpty Dumpty""In Marble Halls""Little Miss Muffet""As I Was Going to St. Ives""Wee Willie Winkie"Kate Greenaway (1846-1901): A Apple Pie: Folk Song: "The Tree in the Wood"James Still (1906-2001): From An Appalachian Mother GoosePreface"Pat-a-cake""Humpty Dumpty""Hey Diddle Diddle""Jack and Jill""The Man in the Moon"Folk Song: "A Frog Went A-Courting"Edward Lear (1812-88): "The Owl and the Pussy-cat""The Broom, the Shovel, the Poker, and the Tongs""There Was an Old Man with a Beard""There Was an Old Man of Bohemia""There Was a Young Lady Whose Nose"Shel Silverstein, (1932-99): "Sarah Cynthia Sylvia Stout Would Not Take the Garbage Out""Zebra Question"Jeanne Steig (b. 1930) and William Steig (1907-2003): "Worrywart"Grace Nichols (b. 1950): From Come On into My Tropical Garden"Poor Grandma""Riddle""Wha Me Mudder Do""I Like to Stay Up""Moon-Gazer""The Sun""They Were My People""Sky""I Am the Rain""Sea Timeless Song"Shonto Begay (b. 1954): From Navajo Visions and Voices Across the Mesa"Creation""Grandmother""In My Mother's Kitchen"Joseph Bruchac (b. 1942) and Gayle Ross (b. 1951): The Story of the Milky Way: A Cherokee Tale: Terri Cohlene (b. 1950): Dancing Drum: A Cherokee Legend: Ovid (43 B.C.E.-17 or 18 C.E.): "The Story of Daedalus and Icarus"Aesop's Fables: "The Bear and the Two Travelers""The Cat and the Venus""The Crow and the Pitcher""The Fox and the Goat""The Fox and the Grapes""The Hare and the Tortoise""The Hen and the Golden Eggs""Hercules and the Wagoner""The Lion and the Mouse""Mercury and the Workmen""The Milk-Woman and Her Pail""The Mouse, the Frog, and the Hawk""The North Wind and the Sun""The Oak and the Reeds""The Shepherd's Boy and the Wolf""The Tortoise and the Eagle""The Town Mouse and the Country Mouse""The Wolf in Sheep's Clothing"Chinua Achebe (b. 1930): "How Tortoise Cracked His Shell"Peter Christen Asbjornsen (1812-85): "The Pancake"African American Ballad: "John Henry"James Berry (b. 1926): "Anancy and the Making of the Bro Title"Diane Wolkstein (b. 1942): From The Magic Orange TreeIntroduction"The Magic Orange Tree""Mother of the Waters"Angela Carter (1940-92): "Vasilissa the Fair"Rieko Okuhara (b. 1974): "Hachi-kazuki-hime: The Princess Who Wore a Hachi"Marie Le Prince de Beaumont (1711-80): "Beauty and the Beast"Jacob Grimm (1785-1863) and Wilhelm Grimm (1786-1859): "Snow-White and the Seven Dwarfs""Rapunzel""The Water of Life"Ballad: "Kemp Owyne (The Laidly Worm)"Jane Yolen (b. 1939): "The Brothers Grimm and Sister Jane"Joseph Jacobs (1854-1916): "Jack and the Beanstalk"Appalachian Folktale: "Munsmeg"R. Rex Stephenson (b. 1943): "Mutsmag"Further Recommended ReadingVirginia Hamilton (1936-2002), The People Could Fly: American Black FolktalesPART 4. REALISM AND FANTASYElizabeth Segel (b. 1938): "Realism and Children's Literature: Notes from a Historical Perspective"C. W. Sullivan III (b. 1944): "Fantasy"Ursula K. Le Guin (b. 1929): "Why Are Americans Afraid of Dragons?"Perry Nodelman (b. 1945): "Liking and Not Liking Fantasy"Charles Dickens (1812-70): From Hard TimesChapter 1. The One Thing NeedfulChapter 2. Murdering the InnocentsChapter 3. A LoopholeCarlo Lorenzini (Carlo Collodi) (1826-90): From The Adventures of PinocchioRobert Louis Stevenson (1850-94): From A Child's Garden of Verses"The Land of Counterpane""My Shadow""Foreign Children""Foreign Lands""The Unseen Playmate""My Kingdom""The Land of Story-Books""The Flowers""The Dumb Soldier"L. Frank Baum (1856-1919) and W.W. Denslow (1856-1915): From Father Goose, His BookFrom The Wonderful Wizard of OzIntroductionChapter 3. How Dorothy Saved the ScarecrowChapter 5. The Rescue of the Tin WoodmanKenneth Grahame (1859-1932): From The Wind in the WillowsChapter 2. The Open RoadChapter 5. Dulce DomumE. B. White (1889-1985): From Charlotte's WebChapter 13. Good ProgressChapter 14. Dr. DorianPhilippa Pearce (b. 1920): From Tom's Midnight GardenChapter 9. HattyChapter 10. Games and TalesMadeleine L'Engle (b. 1918): From A Wrinkle in TimeChapter 1. Mrs. WhatsitChapter 2. Mrs. WhoChapter 3. Mrs. WhichNikki Giovanni (b. 1943): "knoxville, tennessee"Gillian Rubinstein (b. 1942): "Dolphin Dreaming"Maya Angelou (b. 1928): "I Love the Look of Words"Further Recommended ReadingTed Hughes (1930-98), The Iron GiantVirginia Hamilton (1936-2002), ZeelyKatherine Paterson (b. 1932), Bridge to TerabithiaMonica Hughes (1925-2003), The Keeper of the Isis LightLois Lowry (b. 1937), The GiverPART 5. BOY'S BOOKS AND GIRL'S BOOKS: GENDER ISSUESElizabeth Segel (b. 1938): "'As the Twig Is Bent. . .': Gender and Childhood Reading"Louise Bernikow (b. 1940): "Cinderella: Saturday Afternoon at the Movies"Charles Perrault (1628-1703): "Cinderella, or the Little Glass Slipper"Jacob Grimm (1785-1863) and Wilhelm Grimm (1786-1859): "Ashputtle"Micmac (Native American): "The Indian Cinderella" retold by Cyrus MacmillanThomas Hughes (1822-96): From Tom Brown's School DaysChapter 5. Rugby and FootballChapter 6. After the MatchLouisa May Alcott (1832-88): From Little WomenChapter 7. Amy's Valley of HumiliationChapter 9. Meg Goes to Vanity FairChapter 34. FriendMark Twain (1835-1910): From The Adventures of Tom SawyerChapter 6. Self-Examination--Dentistry--The Midnight Charm--Witches and Devils--Cautious Approaches--Happy HoursChapter 20. Becky in a Dilemma--Tom's Nobility Asserts ItselfWilliam Dean Howells (1837-1920): Review of The Adventures of Tom SawyerRobert Louis Stevenson (1850-94): From Treasure IslandChapter 13. How My Shore Adventure BeganChapter 14. The First BlowChapter 15. The Man of the IslandFrances Hodgson Burnett (1849-1924): From The Secret GardenChapter 1. There Is No One LeftChapter 2. Mistress Mary Quite ContraryChapter 3. Across the MoorChapter 4. MarthaChapter 27. In the GardenElizabeth Lennox Keyser (b. 1942): "'Quite Contrary': Frances Hodgson Burnett's The Secret Garden"E. Vincent Millay (1892-1950): "Friends"L. M. Montgomery (1874-1942): From Emily of New MoonChapter 29. SacrilegeFrom Emily's QuestFranklin W. Dixon: "A Little Ghostly History" by Leslie McFarlaneFrom The Tower TreasureChapter 1. The Speed DemonChapter 2. The Stolen RoadsterCarolyn Keene: "Keeping Nancy Drew Alive" by Sara ParetskyFrom The Secret of the Old ClockChapter 1. The Lost WillIsabelle Holland (1920-2002): From The Man Without a FaceKatherine Paterson (b. 1932): From Jacob Have I LovedPhyllis Reynolds Naylor (b. 1933): From The Year of the GopherChristopher Paul Curtis (b. 1954): From The Watsons Go to Birmingham--1963Chapter 3. The World's Greatest Dinosaur War EverVictor Martinez (b. 1949): From Parrot in the Oven: mi vidaChapter 7. The Boxing MatchFurther Recommended ReadingMildred Taylor (b. 1943), The Road to MemphisPART 6. WORDS AND PICTURESPerry Nodelman (b. 1942): "The Relationship of Pictures and Words"Maurice Sendak (b. 1928): From Caldecott and Co.: Notes on Books and Pictures"Winsor McCay""Randolph Caldecott"Johan Amos Comenius (1592-1670): "The Ship-wreck"Thomas Bewick (1753-1828): From A General History of QuadrupedsFrom A History of British Birds, Volume IFrom A History of British Birds, Volume IIWalter Crane (1845-1915): "Rapunzel"Randolph Caldecott (1846-86): From Hey Diddle DiddleFrom Three Jovial HuntsmenKate Greenaway (1846-1901): From Under the WindowBeatrix Potter (1866-1943): From The Roly-Poly PuddingWanda Gag (1893-1946): From Snow White and the Seven DwarfsClement Hurd (1908-88): From The Runaway BunnyRobert McCloskey (1914-2003): From Blueberries for SalGarth Williams (1912-1996): From Bedtime for FrancesFrom Charlotte's WebMaurice Sendak (b. 1928): "Hans My Hedgehog"Mercer Mayer (b. 1943): From Frog Goes to DinnerTom Feelings (1933-2003): From Jambo Means HelloMitsumasa Anno (b. 1926): From Anno's Alphabet: An Adventure in ImaginationTrina Schart Hyman (1939-2004 ): From Jane, WishingChris Van Allsburg (b. 1949): From The Z Was Zapped: A Play in Twenty-Six ActsFurther Recommended ReadingBeatrix Potter (1866-1943), The Tale of Peter RabbitMaurice Sendak (b. 1928), Where the Wild Things ArePART 7. SATIRES AND SPIN-OFFS: REWORKING CLASSIC CHILDREN'S LITERATUREJulaine Gillispie (b. 1975): "American Film Adaptations of The Secret Garden: Reflections of Historical and Sociological Change"Joe Winston (b. 1953): "Revising the Fairy Tale Through Magic: Antonia Barber's The Enchanter's Daughter"Antonia Barber (b. 1932): The Enchanter's Daughter: Fiona French (b. 1944): Snow White in New York: Jon C. Stott (b. 1939): "'Will the Real Dragon Please Stand Up'? Convention and Parody in Children's Stories"E. Nesbit (1858-1924): "The Last of the Dragons"Jack Prelutsky (b. 1940): From The Dragons are Singing Tonight"A Dragon's Lament""My Dragon's Been Disconsolate""My Dragon Wasn't Feeling Good""Dragonbrag""I Have a Secret Dragon""If You Don't Believe in Dragons"Roald Dahl (1916-1990): "Little Red Riding Hood and the Wolf"Vivian Vande Velde (b. 1951): "Twins"Sara Henderson Hay (1906-87): "Juvenile Court"Francesca Lia Block (b. 1962): From Weetzie Bat"Weetzie Wants a Baby"Bruce Coville (b. 1950): "Am I Blue?"Ellen Seiter (b. 1957): "Toy-Based Videos for Girls: My Little Pony"Marina Warner (b. 1946): "Boys Will be Boys: The Making of the Male"Further Recommended ReadingPriscilla Galloway (b. 1930), Truly Grim TalesJane Yolen (b. 1939), Briar RosePART 8. VALUES AND CENSORSHIPMark I. West (b. 1955): "Teaching Banned Children's Books"Judy Blume (b. 1938): From ForeverHazel Rochman (b. 1938), Masha Kabakow Rudman (b. 1933), and Diane Stanley (b. 1943): "Is That Book Politically Correct? Truth and Trends in Historical Literature for Young People"Herbert R. Kohl (b. 1937): "Should We Burn Babar? Questioning Power in Children's Literature"Hans Christian Andersen (1805-75): "The Little Mermaid"A. Waller Hastings (b. 1952): "Moral Simplification in Disney's The Little Mermaid"Mark Twain (1835-1910): From Adventures of Huckleberry FinnE. L. Doctorow (b. 1931) and David Bradley (b. 1950): "Huck, Continued"May Justus (1898-1989): New Boy in School: Louise Fitzhugh (1928-74): From Nobody's Family Is Going to ChangeKatherine Paterson (b. 1932): From The Great Gilly HopkinsHarassing Miss HarrisHomecoming"Hope and Happy Endings"Lee Harding (b. 1937): "Night of Passage"Laura Ingalls Wilder (1867-1957): From Little House on the PrairieChapter 11. Indians in the HouseChapter 21. Indian JamboreeChapter 23. Indian War-CryChapter 24. Indians Ride AwayMichael Dorris (1945-97): "Trusting the Words"Louise Erdrich (b. 1954): From The Birchbark HouseChapter 1. The Birchbark HouseChapter 2. Old TallowChapter 3. The ReturnJon Stott (b. 1939): "Discovery and Recovery in Children's Novels by Native Writers"Marilyn Nelson (b. 1946): From A Wreath for Emmett TillFurther Recommended ReadingPaula Fox (b. 1923), The Slave DancerE. L. Konigsburg (b. 1930), The View from SaturdaySelected Bibliography: History and Criticism of Children's LiteratureTimeline of Children's LiteratureCreditsIndex