Customs and Excise: Trade, Production, and Consumption in England 1640-1845 by William J. Ashworth

Customs and Excise: Trade, Production, and Consumption in England 1640-1845

byWilliam J. Ashworth

Hardcover | November 7, 2003

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Asis book traces the growth of customs and excise, and their integral role in shaping the framework of industrial England; including state power, technical advance, and the evolution of a consumer society. Central to this structure was the development of two economies - one legal and oneillicit. If there was a unique English pathway of industrialization, it was less a distinct entrepreneurial and techno-centric culture, than one predominantly defined within an institutional framework spearheaded by the excise and a wall of tariffs. This process reached its peak by the end of the1770s. The structure then quickly started to crumble under the weight of the fiscal-military state, and Pitt's calculated policy of concentrating industrial policy around cotton, potteries, and iron - at the expense of other taxed industries. The breakthrough of the new political economy was theerosion of the illicit economy; the smugglers' free trade now became the state's most powerful weapon in the war against non-legal trade. If at the beginning of the period covered by this book state administration was predominantly deregulated and industry regulated, by the close the reverse wasthe case.

About The Author

William J. Ashworth is a Lecturer in History, University of Liverpool.
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Details & Specs

Title:Customs and Excise: Trade, Production, and Consumption in England 1640-1845Format:HardcoverDimensions:412 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 1.04 inPublished:November 7, 2003Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199259216

ISBN - 13:9780199259212

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Table of Contents

AbbreviationsAcknowledgementsIntroductionPart I: Consuming the People1. The Emergence of Public Credit: War, Revenue, and High Politics2. The "Consumptibility" of Goods: Customs, Excise, and Trade3. The Equitable Tax?4. Liberty, Property, and the ExcisePart II: The "Devil's Remedy"5. Delusion? Public Credit, Trust, and the Excise6. The Introduction of the Excise7. "His leering eyes gives such a look": The World of ExcisePart III: An Impolite and Commercial People - the Common Economy8. Life on the Waterfront9. Pilfering, Custom Fees, and Renumeration10. Smuggling11. Free Trade, Transport, and ConcealmentPart IV: Excise, Fraud, and Production12. Drink and Food13. Candles, Soap, Salt, Starch, Leather, Paper, Textiles, and GlassPart V: Shaping and Regulating the Market14. Measurement, Instrumentation, and Alcohol Standards15. Revenue, Metrology, and Casks16. The Incarceration, Adulteration, and Policing of Taxed GoodsPart VI: Dismantling the Fiscal-Military State17. The Limits of Taxation and the Politics of Representation18. Revenue, "Old Corruption", and Manufacturing Interests19. "Simplicity, Uniformity, and Perspicuity"20. "The Calcio Millennium"Index