Cyril of Alexandrias Trinitarian Theology of Scripture

Hardcover | October 29, 2014

byMatthew R. Crawford

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More exegetical literature survives from the hand of Cyril of Alexandria than nearly any other Greek patristic author, yet this sizable body of work has scarcely received the degree of attention it deserves. In this work, Matthew R. Crawford reconstructs the intellectual context that gave riseto this literary output and highlights Cyril's Trinitarian theology, received as an inheritance from the fourth century, as the most important defining factor. Cyril's appropriation of pro-Nicene Trinitarianism is evident in both of his theology of revelation and his theology of exegesis, the twofoci that comprise his doctrine of Scripture. Revelation, in his understanding, proceeds from the Father, through the Son, and in the Spirit, following the order of Trinitarian relations. Moreover, this pattern applies to the inspiration of Scripture as well, insofar as inspiration occurs when theSon indwells human authors by the Spirit and speaks the words of the Father. Although Cyril's interpretation of revelation may consequently be called "Trinitarian", it is also resolutely Christological, since the divine and incarnate Son functions as the central content and mediator of all divine unveiling. Corresponding to this divine movement towards humanity in revelationis humanity's appropriation of divine life according to the reverse pattern - in the Spirit, through the Son, unto the Father. Applied to exegesis, this Trinitarian pattern implies that the Spirit directs the reader of Scripture to a Christological interpretation of the text, through which thebeliever beholds the incarnate Son, the exemplar of virtue and the perfect image of the Father, and accordingly advances in both virtue and knowledge. This process continues until the final eschatological vision when the types and riddles of Scripture will be done away with in light of theoverwhelming clarity of the Christologically-mediated Trinitarian vision.

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More exegetical literature survives from the hand of Cyril of Alexandria than nearly any other Greek patristic author, yet this sizable body of work has scarcely received the degree of attention it deserves. In this work, Matthew R. Crawford reconstructs the intellectual context that gave riseto this literary output and highlights Cyri...

Matthew R. Crawford completed his doctoral studies in early Christianity at Durham University in 2012 and is now a postdoctoral researcher at Durham on the AHRC-funded project "The Fourfold Gospel and its Rivals". His work has been published in the Journal of Theological Studies, the Journal of Ecclesiastical History, and the Journal ...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:304 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.96 inPublished:October 29, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198722621

ISBN - 13:9780198722625

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Table of Contents

AcknowledgementsAbbreviations1. Introduction2. 'The Messenger of Great Counsel': A Trinitarian Theology of Revelation3. 'One Book Spoken through One Holy Spirit': The Spiritual Origin of Scripture4. 'He Has Spoken to Us by His Son': The Christological Mediation of Scripture5. 'The Evergreen Oracles of God': The Role of Scripture in the Divine Economy6. 'Every Spiritual Vision Looks to the Mystery of Christ': The Theological Nature of Exegesis7. 'The Whirlwind is in the Thorn Tree'BibliographyIndex