Dangerous Trade: Arms Exports, Human Rights, and International Reputation by Jennifer EricksonDangerous Trade: Arms Exports, Human Rights, and International Reputation by Jennifer Erickson

Dangerous Trade: Arms Exports, Human Rights, and International Reputation

byJennifer Erickson

Hardcover | May 19, 2015

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The United Nations's groundbreaking Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), which went into effect in 2014, sets legally binding standards to regulate global arms exports and reflects the growing concerns toward the significant role that small and major conventional arms play in perpetuating human rights violations, conflict, and societal instability worldwide. Many countries that once staunchly opposed shared export controls and their perceived threat to political and economic autonomy are now beginning to embrace numerous agreements, such as the ATT and the EU Code of Conduct.

Jennifer L. Erickson explores the reasons top arms-exporting democracies have put aside past sovereignty, security, and economic worries in favor of humanitarian arms transfer controls, and she follows the early effects of this about-face on export practice. She begins with a brief history of failed arms export control initiatives and then tracks arms transfer trends over time. Pinpointing the normative shifts in the 1990s that put humanitarian arms control on the table, she reveals that these states committed to these policies out of concern for their international reputations. She also highlights how arms trade scandals threaten domestic reputations and thus help improve compliance. Using statistical data and interviews conducted in France, Germany, Belgium, the United Kingdom, and the United States, Erickson challenges existing IR theories of state behavior while providing insight into the role of reputation as a social mechanism and the importance of government transparency and accountability in generating compliance with new norms and rules.

Jennifer L. Erickson is the White Family Sesquicentennial Assistant Professor of Political Science and International Studies at Boston College. She is also a faculty affiliate at the Institute for Quantitative Social Science at Harvard University and previously held research affiliations with Dartmouth College, the Stiftung Wissenscha...
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Title:Dangerous Trade: Arms Exports, Human Rights, and International ReputationFormat:HardcoverDimensions:288 pagesPublished:May 19, 2015Publisher:Columbia University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0231170963

ISBN - 13:9780231170963

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Table of Contents

AcknowledgmentsList of Abbreviations1. Introduction and Overview2. "Responsible" Arms Transfer Policy and the Politics of Social Reputation3. History and Contemporary Trends in Conventional Arms Export Controls4. Explaining Commitment: International Reputation and "Responsible" Arms Transfer Policy5. Explaining Compliance: Domestic Reputation and Arms Trade Scandal6. Conclusions and ImplicationsAppendix A. Multilateral Conventional Arms Control in the Twentieth CenturyAppendix B. Data Sources and CodingAppendix C. Full Statistical ResultsNotesReferencesIndex

Editorial Reviews

Why do states sometimes do good, even against their clear material and strategic interests? In this smart book, Jennifer L. Erickson provides a compelling and surprising answer that defies easy characterization. Governments are calculating, strategic, and even cynical about when and under what circumstances they may tie their hands for the noble purpose of limiting the flow of weapons to bad actors. But all the strategic concerns ultimately are shaped by social norms and the quintessentially human desire to be seen in a favorable light. Erickson develops and tests this important argument with wonderfully informative and compact case studies and empirical analysis. There are no wasted words in this book, just deep learning, conveyed with the brisk confidence borne of years of hard work and deep thinking. Dangerous Trade is a signal advance in scholarship that helps us understand major changes in international relations since the Cold War's end.